剑桥雅思4 test 1 Section 2听力原文 Riverside Industrial village
剑桥雅思4 test 1 Section 2的这10道题目是雅思听力第二部分比较典型的旅游景点介绍场景，在真正考试中出现概率极高，而且往往搭配地图题进行考察。不过这道题因为年代久远，其缺点也很明显。一方面，现在的Section 2填空题出现概率较低，通常以选择和匹配为主。另一方面，虽然地图题仍然是雅思听力考察的重点，但形式上往往采用选择题的模式，而非填空。
该部分难度最大的是第12题。首先，它没有很明确的提示词；其次，它还使用了倒置的考察手法。先出现who lived in the area的同义替换，然后才是答案。第三，craftsman这个单词也稍显偏僻，好多同学都不认识。
以下是剑4 test 1 Section 2雅思听力题目对应的原文，以供大家参考：
Good afternoon everybody and welcome to Riverside Industrial Village. To start your visit I’m just going to give you a brief account of the history of the museum before letting you roam about on your own. I won’t keep you long. OK?
Now, from where we’re standing you’ve got a good view of the river over there. And it was because of this fast-flowing water that this site was a natural place for manufacturing works. The water and the availability of raw materials in the area, like minerals and iron ore, and also the abundance of local fuels, like coal and firewood, all made this site suitable for industry from a very early time.
Water was the main source of power for the early industries and some of the water wheels were first established in the twelfth century, would you believe? At that time, local craftsmen first built an iron forge just behind the village here, on the bend in the river. This article is from Laokaoya website. By the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the region’s rivers supported more than a hundred and sixty watermills – and many of these continued to operate well into the nineteenth century. But then the steam engine was invented and then the railways came and the centers of industry were able to move away from the rivers and the countryside and into the towns. So, industrial villages like this one became very rare.
So that’s the history for you. If you’d like any more information, you can ask me some questions, or you can read further in our excellent guide book.
Now I’m going to give you a plan of the site and I’d just like to point out where everything is and then you can take a look at everything for yourself.
I’ve already pointed out the river which is on the left. And of course, running along the bottom is Woodside Road, got it? OK. Now we’re standing at the entrance, see it at the bottom, and immediately to our right is the Ticket Office. You won’t need that because you’ve got your group booking, but just past it are the toilets -always good to know where they are. In front of us is the car park, as you can see, and to the left, by the entry gate is the Gift Shop. That’s where you can get copies of the guide, like this one here.
Now, beyond the car park, all the buildings are arranged in a half circle with a yard in the middle. The big, stone building at the top is the main Workshop. That’s where the furnace is and where all the metal was smelted and the tools were cast, as you’ll be able to see. Now, in the top right-hand comer, that building with bigger windows is the Showroom, where samples of all the tools that were made through the ages are on display. In the top left corner is the Grinding Shop, where the tools were sharpened and finished. And on one side of that, you can see the Engine Room and on the other is the Café, which isn’t an antique, you’ll be pleased to know, though they do serve very nice old-fashioned teas.
The row of buildings you can see on the left are the cottages. These were built for the workers towards the end of the eighteenth century and they’re still furnished from that period so you can get a good idea of ordinary people’s living conditions. Across the yard from them, you can see the stables where the horses were kept for transporting the products. And the separate building in front of them is the Works Office and that still has some of the old accounts on display.
Right, if anyone wants a guided tour then I’m starting at the Engine Room. If you’d like to come along, this way please, ladies and gentlemen.