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剑桥雅思15Test1Part3听力答案解析 personality traits 剑桥雅思15听力第一套题目 […]

剑桥雅思15Test1Part3听力答案解析 personality traits

剑桥雅思15听力第一套题目第三部分由6道匹配,2道单项选择和1道5选2的多选组成。其中前面的匹配和后面的多选难度都十分一般。但中间的选择因为选项较长,做起来还是比较麻烦的。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思听力对应的录音原文与其中出现的高频词汇

剑桥雅思15Test1Part3听力原文

剑桥雅思15Test1Part3听力高频词汇

剑桥雅思15 Test1 Part3听力答案解析

第21题答案:G

对应原文:they were thought to be good at nurturing-certainly in the past when people had large families they would have been expected to look after the younger ones

答案解析:其实前文中有提到长子会 less well-adjusted,但因为选项中没有对应的内容,因此我们继续往下听。发现他们还good at nurturing。G选项caring与nurturing同义替换,由此锁定为正确答案。

第22题答案:F

对应原文:they are easier to get on with than older or younger siblings … Generally eager to please and helpful

答案解析:无论是ED说的easier to get on with(更容易相处),还是Ruth说的eager to please and helpful都可以跟F选项的co-operative对应,由此确定它为正确答案。

第23题答案:A

对应原文:I’m supposed to have been a sociable and confident child who made friends easily

答案解析:最小的孩子会更加擅长社交,更加自信,更容易教导朋友。选项中能够对这三个特点进行概括的只有A outgoing(外向的)。

第24题答案:E

对应原文:a twin is likely to be quite shy in social situations

答案解析:双胞胎正好与最小的孩子的性格特点相反,他们在社交场合会更加害羞,对应E选项introverted(内向的)。

第25题答案:B

对应原文: Only children have had a really bad press – a lot of studies have branded them as loners who think the world revolves around them

答案解析:独生子女认为世界围绕他们旋转,因此确定选项B为正确答案。

第26题答案:C

对应原文: these children grow up more quickly and are expected to do basic things for themselves-like getting dressed

答案解析:原文中提到,这类孩子会更快的成长,并且自己做一些基础的事情,比如穿衣服。即更加独立,由此确定C选项为正确答案。

第27题答案:C

对应原文:Although what many of them didn’t take into consideration was family size

答案解析:原文中明确指出,大多数研究忽略了家庭规模的大小这一关键因素,由此确定C为正确答案。A选项错在conflicting evidence(原文中说的是accurate ),而B选项则错在socio-economic status(无中生有)。

第28题答案:A

对应原文:the main reason for the marginally higher academic performance of oldest children is quite surprising, I think. This article is from Laokaoya website. It’s not only that they benefit intellectually from extra attention at a young age – which is what I would have expected. It’s that they benefit from being teachers for their younger siblings, by verbalising processes

答案解析:选项A,B,C在原文中都有完整提到,因此我们只能根据题干中的限定条件和录音的描述逻辑去寻找答案。Ruth说的第一句话即对应B选项,但她表示是这一现象的原因让她惊讶,而非现象本身,因此排除B。C选项对应第二句话,但开头就有否定,因此也排除。最终确定A为正确答案。

第29题答案:B

对应原文:this has made me a stronger person. I know how to defend myself

答案解析:这道多选并没有设置什么干扰项。Ruth提到她跟兄弟姐妹的争执让她变得更加强大,知道该如何保护自己。B选项stand up for oneself与defend myself同义替换,由此确定为正确答案。

第30题答案:D

对应原文:but we had to put up with each other and most of the time we co-existed amicably enough.

答案解析:但与此同时,他们又不得不互相忍受彼此。D选项tolerant与put up with each other同义替换,由此确定为正确答案。

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