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剑桥雅思9Test4阅读Passage2答案解析 Young children’s sense o […]

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剑桥雅思9Test4阅读Passage2答案解析 Young children’s sense of identity 婴幼儿的自我认知

剑桥雅思9阅读第四套题目第二篇文章的13道题由6道段落信息匹配,4道人名观点匹配,以及3道总结填空题构成,整体难度适中。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读中需要大家掌握的重点词汇与对应的原文翻译

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思9 test 4 passage 2 婴儿的自我认知

剑桥雅思9Test4阅读Passage2原文翻译 Young children’s sense of identity 婴幼儿的自我认知

剑桥雅思9 Test4 Passage2阅读答案解析

第14题答案:G

对应原文:G段:In one experiment, Lewis and Brooks-Gunn (1979) dabbed some red powder on the noses of children who were playing in front of a mirror, and then observed how often they touched their noses.

答案解析:G段中提到,Lewis和Brooks-Gunn两人在正在镜子前玩耍的孩子的鼻子上涂了一些红色粉末,然后观察他们触碰鼻子的频率。即特定研究的实验方法,由此锁定答案。

第15题答案:C

对应原文:C段:Another powerful source of information for infants about the effects they can have on the world around them is provided when others mimic them.

答案解析:C段开头提到,他人对婴儿的模范是婴儿的另一重要信息来源,让他们认识到自己对周围世界的影响。对应题干中模仿在自我认知发展过程中的作用,由此确定答案。

第16题答案:G

对应原文:G段:children become able to recognize themselves visually without the support of seeing contingent movement. This recognition occurs around their second birthday.

答案解析:G段开头提到,孩子可以在没有动作辅助的情况下,从视觉上认识自己。这发生在两岁左右。其中without … movement对应题干中的static,second birthday对应age,identity原词出现,由此锁定答案。

第17题答案:D

对应原文:D段:Empirical investigations of the self-as-subject in young children are, however, rather scarce because of difficulties of communication

答案解析:D段中提到,因为交流困难,对婴幼儿主体自我认知的实证研究十分缺乏。对应题干中“研究主题自我认知存在限制的原因”,由此锁定答案。

第18题答案:H

对应原文:H段:Although it may be less marked in other societies, the link between the sense of ‘self’ and of ‘ownership’ is a notable feature of childhood in Western societies.

答案解析:H段最后提到,虽然这一点在其他社会中不太明显,但自我意识与所有权的联系是西方社会童年时期的重要特征。即文化与特定行为之间的联系。由此锁定答案。

第19题答案:E

对应原文:E段:‘self-as-object’  …  it is made up of social roles (such as student, brother, colleague) and characteristics which derive their meaning from comparison or interaction with other people (such as trustworthiness, shyness, sporting ability).

答案解析:E段中对客体自我的组成部分进行了详细阐述,指出它有社会角色和性格构成,并举例不少具体的例子,对应题干中组成客体自我认知各种特征的例子,由此锁定答案。

第20题答案:D

对应原文:F段:Mead (1934) went even further, and saw the self and the social world as inextricably bound together … it is impossible to conceive of a self arising outside of social experience

答案解析:Mead更进一步,认为自我与社会环境密不可分的结合在一起。没有社会环境就没有自我的产生。题干只是将social experience替换成了realtionships with other people。由此确定答案为D。

第21题答案:B

对应原文:B段: Cooley (1902) suggested that a sense of the self-as-subject was primarily concerned with being able to exercise power … an infant’s attempts to control physical objects … attempts to affect the behavior of other people

答案解析:原文中提到,Cooley认为,自我认知主要与能够施加影响力有关,并随后举了对物品施加影响和对他人行为施加影响的例子。分别对应题干中的mastery over things and people,由此确定答案为B。

第22题答案:E

对应原文:H段:Bronson (1975) found … between the ages of 1 and 2 years … the children’s disagreements involved a struggle over a toy

答案解析:原文中提到,一到两岁的孩子会开始争夺玩具。其中1 and 2 years对应题干中的at a certain age,struggle对应aggresive behavriour,由此确定答案为E。

第23题答案:C

对应原文:C段:Lewis and Brooks-Gunn (1979) suggest that infants’ developing understanding that the movements they see in the mirror are contingent on their own, leads to a growing awareness that they are distinct from other people.

答案解析:原文中提到,Lewis与Brooks-Gunn认为,婴儿意识到他们在镜子中看到的动作取决于自己的动作,导致认为自己与众不同的意识的增长。题干只是将这一描述简化而已,由此确定答案为C。

第24题答案:mirror

对应原文:C段:In addition, young children enjoy looking in mirrors, where the movements they can see are dependent upon their own movements. This is not to say that infants recognize the reflection as their own image

答案解析:根据image定位到这一句,从题干中可以推测空上应该填一个孩子面对的东西。looking in与face对应,由此确定答案为mirrors,因为空前有a,因此去掉复数,改为单数。

第25题答案:communication

对应原文:D段:Empirical investigations of the self-as-subject in young children are, however, rather scarce because of difficulties of communication

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,空上要求填一个研究困难的原因,由此锁定communication。

第26题答案:ownership

对应原文:H段:the link between the sense of ‘self’ and of ‘ownership’ is a notable feature of childhood in Western societies.

答案解析:根据westen societies定位到这句话,题干询问西方社会中自我认知的发展通常与什么联系在一起,很容易锁定ownership。

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