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剑桥雅思9Test4阅读Passage1答案解析 The life and work of Marie Cur […]

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剑桥雅思9Test4阅读Passage1答案解析 The life and work of Marie Curie 居里夫人的生活与工作

剑桥雅思9阅读第四套题目第一篇文章的13道题目由6道TRUE/FLASE/NOT GIVEN判断和7道单句填空构成,整体难度不大,很符合阅读第一篇文章的定位。下面是具体每一道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读中需要大家掌握的重点词汇与对应的原文翻译

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思9 test 4 passage 1 居里夫人的生活与工作

剑桥雅思9Test4阅读Passage1原文翻译 The life and work of Marie Curie 居里夫人的生活与工作

剑桥雅思9 Test4 Passage1阅读答案解析

第1题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第1段:With her husband, Pierre Curie, and Henri Becquerel, she was awarded the 1903 Nobel Prize for Physics, and was then sole winner of the 1911 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.

答案解析:根据原文的描述,居里夫人的第一次诺贝尔奖确实是跟她丈夫一起获得的,但第二次则是单独获得。题干中的both与原文不符,由此确定答案为FALSE。

第2题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:第2段:From childhood, Marie was remarkable for her prodigious memory, and at the age of 16 won a gold medal on completion of her secondary education.

答案解析:原文中只是提到居里夫人小时候记忆力很好,初中文章来自老烤鸭雅思毕业时获过奖。至于这时候是否对科学感兴趣则完全没有提及。由此确定答案为NOT GIVEN。

第3题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第2段:on the understanding that Bronia would, in turn, later help her to get an education.

第3段:In 1891 this promise was fulfilled and Marie went to Paris and began to study at the Sorbonne.

答案解析:第2段末尾提到,她姐姐会随后帮助她获得教育。而第3段开头提到,1891年这一承诺得以实现,居里夫人开始在索邦学习。即由于她姐姐的资金支持,她才能够到索邦上学,由此确定答案为TRUE。

第4题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第6段:The births of Marie’s two daughters, Irene and Eve, in 1897 and 1904 failed to interrupt her scientific work.

答案解析:原文中明确提到,玛丽两个女儿的出生并没有干扰到她的科学工作。题干中停止研究这一说法与此相反,由此确定答案为FALSE。

第5题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第7段:On May 13, 1906, she was appointed to the professorship that had been left vacant on her husband’s death

答案解析:原文中提到,1906年,玛丽被任命到因她丈夫死亡而空缺的教授职位。题干所说内容与此完全符合,由此判断答案为TRUE。

第6题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:第2段:she was able to finance her sister Bronia’s medical studies in Paris

第9段:the inauguration in 1932 in Warsaw of the Radium Institute, where her sister Bronia became director.

答案解析:原文中提到居里夫人姐姐的地方有两个。第2段说明她从事医学学习。第9段介绍她出任华沙镭研究机构的主任。辐射的医学研究在这两个地方都没有出现,由此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第7题答案:thorium

对应原文:第4段:Marie Curie decided to find out if the radioactivity discovered in uranium was to be found in other elements. She discovered that this was true for thorium.

答案解析:根据uranium定位到第4段。从题干中的called推测出空上应该填的是某种元素的名称。再加上same与this was true的对应,由此锁定thorium为答案。

第8题答案:pitchblende

对应原文:第5段:Turning her attention to minerals, she found her interest drawn to pitchblende

答案解析:根据mineral定位到第5段。从题干中的known可以推测空上应该填的也是某种物质,由此锁定pitchblende为答案。

第9题答案:radium

对应原文:第7段:In 1911 she was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry for the isolation of a pure form of radium.

答案解析:根据1911定位到第7段的这句话。题干中问的是因哪种元素而获奖。而这一句话中只有radium符合这一要求,由此锁定答案。

第10题答案:soldiers

对应原文:第8段: the use of X-radiography, including the mobile units which came to be known as ‘little curies’, used for the treatment of wounded soldiers.

答案解析:根据X-radiography定位到这句话。空前词medical technique与treatment对应,由此确定答案为wounded soldiers。因为题目要求只填一个词,所以去掉修饰词wounded,只保留soldiers。

第11题答案:illness

对应原文:第10段:One of Marie Curie’s outstanding achievements was to have understood the need to accumulate intense radioactive sources, not only to treat illness but also to maintain an abundant supply for research.

答案解析:根据collecting radioactive material与accumulate intense radioactive sources的对应定位到这句话,从题干中可以推测,空上应该填一个与research并列的单词。由此锁定illness。

第12题答案:neutron

对应原文:第10段:This work prepared the way for the discovery of the neutron by Sir James Chadwick and, above all, for the discovery in 1934 by Irene and Frederic Joliot-Curie of artificial radioactivity.

答案解析:根据artificial radioactivity定位到这句话,从题干中可以看出,空上应该填一个与人工放射性并列的发现,由此锁定neutron。

第13题答案:leukaemia/leukemia

对应原文:第10段:Marie Curie died as a result of leukaemia caused by exposure to radiation

答案解析:根据exposed to radiation与exposure to radiation的对应定位这句话。空前词as a result原词出现,由此确定leukaemia为答案。

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