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剑桥雅思6 test 4大作文考官范文解析 改变是好是坏 这篇雅思大作文题目是十分典型的讨论双方观点类型。其常 […]

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剑桥雅思6 test 4大作文考官范文解析 改变是好是坏

这篇雅思大作文题目是十分典型的讨论双方观点类型。其常用的写作结构我们之前已经梳理过,不太了解的同学可以参考以下文章:雅思写作大作文结构 讨论双方观点类文章该怎么写

这篇文章的写作难点主要在于题目中给出的范围太过宽泛。只是单单要求大家讨论改变是好是坏,而没有将具体什么改变说清楚。如果我们擅自将改变局限到工作、住址、爱好等范围,就很容易偏题,导致task response一项上丢分。这种题目所要求讨论问题模糊不清的情况在真正考试中还是挺经常出现的,不少同学都会因此而束手无策。接下来让我们看看考官是怎么解答的。

点击查看其他考官范文分析:剑桥雅思考官范文最全总结

剑桥雅思6 test 4大作文题目

Some people prefer to spend their lives doing the same thing and avoiding change. Others, however, think that change is always a good thing.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

剑桥雅思6 test 4大作文考官范文

Over the last half-century, the pace of change in the life of human beings has increased beyond our wildest expectations. This has been driven by technological and scientific breakthroughs that are changing the whole way we view the world on an almost daily basis. This means that change is not always a personal option, but an inescapable fact of life, and we need to constantly adapt to keep pace with it.

Those people who believe they have achieved some security by doing the same, familiar things are living in denial. Even when people believe they are resisting change themselves, they cannot stop the world around them from changing. Sooner or later they will find that the familiar jobs no longer exist, or that the ‘safe’ patterns of behavior are no longer appropriate.

However, reaching the conclusion that change is inevitable is not the same as assuming that ‘change is always for the better’. Unfortunately, it is not always the case that new things are promoted because they have good impacts on the majority of people. A lot of innovations are made with the aim of making money for a few. This is because it is the rich and powerful people in our society who are able to impose changes (such as in working conditions or property developments) that are in their own interests.

In conclusion, I would say that change can be stimulating and energizing for individuals when they pursue it themselves, but that all change, including that which is imposed on people, does not necessarily have good outcomes.

剑桥雅思6 test 4考官范文解析

Task Response

1. 文章全面回答了题目中的问题。第一段论述改变发生的背景,并指出改变不仅仅是个人行为,我们无法逃避的环境也在一直改变。第二段开头先说明人们不愿改变的原因,接下来论述这种做法为什么不可行。第三段反驳“变化总是好的”这一看法。最后说明自己的观点,改变有好处,但并不总是会有良好的结果。

2. 文章对各个论点进行了充分的论证。第二自然段利用逻辑推理,指出一成不变是不可能的,人们终将会发现自己坚持的东西不再合适,并用工作和行为来举例。第三段重点反驳always一词,使用举例论证,指出一些创新是为了有权有势人的利益,可能对大多数人有害。

值得注意的是,考官在写作过程中并没有局限改变的范围,而是将它分成两类:由于技术进步所造成的周边环境的改变,以及个人意愿的改变。第二自然段更加侧重后者,第三自然段则更加侧重前者。这点十分值得我们学习。

Coherence and Cohesion

1. 文章分段比较合理。事实上,几乎所有讨论双方观点类型的文章都比较适合四段式的结构。一段开头,两段讨论双方观点,最后一段陈述自己意见或者总结。

2. 这篇文章主要使用逻辑连接和指代的方式,夹杂着使用了一些连接词。比如,第一自然段句子与句子之间就用的都是this,第二自然段更是通篇都使用同一个主语。第三自然段的开头用了however,但随后就又回到逻辑连接的路上,用it指代前面内容,用innovation代指new things.

Lexical Resource

文章用词十分灵活,涉及范围也很广。具体内容可以参考下面“高分词汇短语”板块。

Grammatical Range and Accuracy

1. 作为雅思官方给出的范文,这篇文章肯定不存在任何语法错误。

2. 文章使用的语法结构极为多样,几乎每一个句子都是复杂句,但又各不相同。按照我们之前分析的雅思写作考官范文,句子复杂程度不是关键,多样性才是最重要的。大家可以积累下这篇文章中各种各样的句子结构,应用到自己的写作里。

剑桥雅思6 test 4高分词汇短语总结

the pace of change 改变的步伐,改变的节奏

beyond our wildest expectations 远远超出我们的预计

be driven by 由…所推动,由…所引起

inescapable adj. 无可逃避的

constantly adv. 始终

achieve security 获取安全感

live in denial 生活在虚幻之中,拒绝承认事实

resist change 拒绝改变

inevitable adj. 不可避免的

impose change 施加改变

in somebody’s interests 符合某人的利益

stimulating adj. 振奋人心的

点击查看更多雅思写作讨论双方观点类型的范文

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