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剑桥雅思8 test 3大作文考官范文解析 提高油价解决交通和污染问题 剑桥雅思8的这道大作文可以看作是报告类 […]

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剑桥雅思8 test 3大作文考官范文解析 提高油价解决交通和污染问题

剑桥雅思8的这道大作文可以看作是报告类题目的变形。这种类型的文章结构比较好安排,一个自然段对应一个问题就好。当然,如果你对某一个观点特别有话说的话,也可以拆成两段来处理。内容方面,它属于我们司空见惯的交通污染问题,如果大家没有思路的话,可以参考以下文章:雅思写作交通运输类话题思路总结。下面让我们来看看考官是怎么论述这个问题的。

点击查看其他考官范文分析:剑桥雅思考官范文最全总结

剑桥雅思8 test 3大作文题目

Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

What other measures do you think might be effective?

剑桥雅思8 test 3大作文考官范文

There is no doubt that traffic and pollution from vehicles have become huge problems, both in cities and on motorways everywhere. Solving these problems is likely to need more than a simple rise in the price of petrol.

While it is undeniable that private car use is one of the main causes of the increase in traffic and pollution, higher fuel costs are unlikely to limit the number of drivers for long. As this policy would also affect the cost of public transport, it would be very unpopular with everyone who needs to travel on the roads. But there are various other measures that could be implemented that would have a huge effect on these problems.

I think to tackle the problem of pollution, cleaner fuels need to be developed. The technology is already available to produce electric cars that would be both quieter and cleaner to use. Persuading manufacturers and travelers to adopt this new technology would be a more effective strategy for improving air quality, especially in cities.

However, traffic congestion will not be solved by changing the type of private vehicle people can use. To do this, we need to improve the choice of public transport services available to travelers. For example, if sufficient sky trains and underground train systems were built and effectively maintained in our major cities, then traffic on the roads would be dramatically reduced. Long-distance train and coach services should be made attractive and affordable alternatives to driving your own car for long journeys.

剑桥雅思8 test 3考官范文解析

Task Response

1. 文章全面回答了题目中的问题。第一段改写题目承认问题的存在,并表明自己的立场,单单提升油价是不够的。第二段反驳高油价有用的观点。第三段和第四段分别提出两种解决方案:清洁能源和公共交通。

值得注意的是这篇文章没有在结尾再次总结,这也是报告类题目的特点,结尾段可要可不要。

2. 文章对各个论点进行了论证。首先指出高油价对每个需要出行的人都有影响,不太可能行得通。以此反驳题目中的观点。然后就题目中给出的交通拥堵和污染分别提出解决方案。

这里我们要学到的是,如果题目中涉及多个问题,与其将混在一起导致整篇文章杂乱无章,还不如分开出来。每个问题一段,这样会显得行文更加清晰。

Coherence and Cohesion

1. 文章分段比较合理。第一段转述题目,第二段反驳题目,第三段和第四段解决问题。中间各段主题明确,没有杂糅的现象。

2. 除了在段落与段落之间的使用连接词之外,这篇文章主要采用逻辑连接的方式。每一句话的开头都是上个句子中出现过的成分,从而使文章的推进流畅自然。

Lexical Resource

文章用词十分灵活,涉及范围也很广。具体内容可以参考下面“高分词汇短语”板块。

Grammatical Range and Accuracy

1. 作为雅思官方给出的范文,这篇文章肯定不存在任何语法错误。

2. 从前到后,这篇文章中出现的语法结构有:there be+从句,非谓语动词做主语,同位语从句,原因状语从句,定语从句,宾语从句,被动,动词不定式表目的,条件状语从句等。不仅句式多样,而且相邻两句绝不重复。

剑桥雅思8 test 3高分词汇短语总结

there is no doubt 毫无疑问

vehicle n. 车辆

motorway n. 高速路

it is undeniable that 无可否认的是

implement v. 实施

tackle the problem of 解决…的问题

develop cleaner fuels 开发清洁能源

traffic congestion 交通拥堵

sufficient adj. 足够的,充足的

maintain v. 维护,保养

affordable adj. 买得起的,价格合理的

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