剑桥雅思9 test 1大作文考官范文解析 小学开始学外语的好坏
剑桥雅思9 test 1大作文题目
Some experts believe that it is better for children to begin learning a foreign language at primary school rather than secondary school.
Do the advantages of this outweigh the disadvantages?
剑桥雅思9 test 1大作文考官范文
Traditionally, children have begun studying foreign languages at secondary school, but introducing them too earlier is recommended by some educationalists. This policy has been adopted by some educational authorities or individual schools, with both positive and negative outcomes.
The obvious argument in its favour is that young children pick up languages much more easily than teenagers. Their brains are still programmed to acquire their mother tongue, which facilitates learning another language, and unlike adolescents, they are not inhibited by self-consciousness.
The greater flexibility of the primary timetable allows for more frequent, shorter sessions and for a play-centred approach, thus maintaining learners’ enthusiasm and progress. Their command of the language in later life will benefit from this early exposure , while learning other languages subsequently will be easier for them. They may also gain a better understanding of other cultures.
There are, however, some disadvantages. Primary school teachers are generalists, and may not have the necessary language skills themselves. If specialists have to be brought in to deliver these sessions, the flexibility referred to above is diminished. If primary language teaching is not standardised, secondary schools could be faced with a great variety of levels in different languages within their intake, resulting in a classroom experience which undoes the earlier gains. There is no advantage if enthusiastic primary pupils become demotivated as soon as they change schools. However, these issues can be addressed strategically within the policy adopted.
Anything which encourages language learning benefits society culturally and economically, and early exposure to language learning contributes to this. Young children’s innate abilities should be harnessed to make these benefits more achievable.
剑桥雅思9 test 1考官范文解析
Coherence and Cohesion
2. 这篇文章主要使用逻辑连接的方式来串联全文，每一句话的开头基本都是上一句中的内容。比如开头段的this policy，第二段的their brains，第三段的their command等。
Grammatical Range and Accuracy
剑桥雅思8 test 3高分词汇短语总结
educationalist n. 教育学家
adopt policy 采取政策
pick up languages 学习语言
teenager = adolescent
children = pupil
mother tongue 母语
facilitate v. 便利，有利于
self-consciousness n. 自我意识
their command of the language 对语言的掌握
standardized adj. 标准化的。
result in 导致
demotivated adj. 失去动力的，消极的。
exposure to language 熟悉语言
innate adj. 天生的。