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Section1 酒店预订晚会

1-10) completion 填空


2.Saturdays 周六

3.Limerick 拼写

4.business area 商业区

5.5th floor 第五层楼

6.view 视野

7.a week 一周

8.Gym 运动馆


10. 044298611


Section2 南美旅行回忆和路线

11-15) multiple choices

11. C valuable for South America trip for a second time

12. C when you first meet tour leaders

13. A water

14. A.in the land

15.A after consulted the tour guide

16-20) matching

16. D by plane

17. C by car

18. G by donkey

19. A by minivan

20. E by train


Section 3 两学校负责人之间的对话

21-26) matching

21. A too many people

22. C repetitive information

23. H time consuming

24. F well organized

25. E inefficient information

26. D no opportunity


B oil rig damage to Sea bed

C fir for potential students


challenging experts’ opinion concerns

sources of information


Section 4 专利相关的律师岗位介绍

31-40) completions



33. description

34. engineering

35. communication

36. languages

37. salary

38. lonely

39. industrial

40. government




P1 英国农业

P2 古埃及壁画

P3 Communication in science


Science plays an increasingly significant role in people’s lives, making the

faithful communication of scientific developments more important than ever.

Yet such communication is fraught with challenges that can easily distort

discussions, leading to unnecessary confusion and misunderstandings.


Some problems stem from the esoteric nature of current research and the

associated difficulty of finding sufficiently faithful terminology ( 术语). Abstraction

and complexity are not signs that a given scientific direction is wrong,

as some commentators have suggested, but are instead a tribute to the success

of human ingenuity in meeting the increasingly complex challenges that

nature presents. They can, however, make communication more difficult. But

many of the biggest challenges for science reporting arise because in areas of

evolving research, scientists themselves often only partly understand the full

implications of any particular advance or development. Since that dynamic

( 动态的) applies to most of the scientific developments that directly affect

people’s lives global warming, cancer research, diet studies—learning how to

overcome it is critical to spurring ( 刺激,鼓励)a more informed scientific

debate among the broader public.


Ambiguous word choices are the source of some misunderstandings. Scientists

often employ colloquial terminology, which they then assign a specific

meaning that is impossible to fathom ( 彻底理解)without proper training.

The term “relativity,” for example, is intrinsically misleading. Many interpret

the theory to mean that everything is relative and there are no absolutes. Yet

although the measurements any observer makes depend on his coordinates

and reference frame, the physical phenomena he measures have an invariant

description that transcends that observer’s particular coordinates. Einstein’s

theory of relativity is really about finding an invariant description of physical

phenomena. True, Einstein agreed with the idea that his theory would have

been better named “Invarianten theorie.“(【德】, 不变理论) But the term

“relativity” was already entrenched at the time for him to change.测 机经


“The uncertainty principle” is another frequently abused term. It is sometimes

interpreted as a limitation on observers and their ability to make measurements.

E But it is not about intrinsic limitations on any one particular measurement;

it is about the inability to precisely measure particular pairs of quantities

simultaneously? The first interpretation is perhaps more engaging from a

philosophical or political perspective. It’s just not what the science is about.


Even the word “theory” can be a problem. Unlike most people, who use

the word to describe a passing conjecture that they often regard as suspect,

physicists have very specific ideas in mind when they talk about theories.

For physicists, theories entail a definite physical framework embodied in a

set of fundamental assumptions about the world that lead to a specific set of

equations and predictions—ones that are borne out by successful predictions.

Theories aren’t necessarily shown to be correct or complete immediately.

Even Einstein took the better part of a decade to develop the correct version

of his theory of general relativity. But eventually both the ideas and the

measurements settle down and theories are either proven correct, abandoned or

absorbed into other, more encompassing theories.


“Global warming” is another example of problematic terminology.

Climatologists ( 气象学家) predict more drastic fluctuations in temperature

and rainfall— not necessarily that every place will be warmer. The name

sometimes subverts the debate, since it lets people argue that their winter was

worse, so how could there be global wanning? Clearly “global climate change”

would have been a better name. But not all problems stem solely from poor

word choices. Some stem from the intrinsically complex nature of much of

modern science. Science sometimes transcends this limitation: remarkably,

chemists were able to detail the precise chemical processes involved in the

destruction of the ozone layer, making the evidence that chlorofluorocarbon

gases (Freon, for example) were destroying the ozone layer indisputable.


A better understanding of the mathematical significance of results and less

insistence on a simple story would help to clarify (澄清) many scientific discussions.

For several months, Harvard was tortured months, Harvard was tortured

by empty debates over the relative intrinsic scientific abilities of men and

women. One of the more amusing aspects of the discussion was that those

who believed in the differences and those who didn’t used the same evidence

about gender-specific special ability. How could that be? The answer is that the

data shows no substantial effects. Social factors might account for these tiny

differences, which in any case have an unclear connection to scientific ability.

Not much of a headline when phrased that way, is it? Each type of science

has its own source of complexity and potential for miscommunication. Yet

there are steps we can take to improve public understanding in all cases. The

first would be to inculcate greater understanding and acceptance of indirect

scientific evidence. The information from an unmanned space mission is no

less legitimate than the information from one in which people are on board.


This doesn’t mean never questioning an interpretation, but it also doesn’t

mean equating indirect evidence with blind belief, as people sometimes

suggest. Second, we might need different standards for evaluating science with

urgent policy implications than research with purely theoretical value. When

scientists say they are not certain about their predictions, it doesn’t necessarily

mean they’ve found nothing substantial. It would be better if scientists were

more open about the mathematical significance of their results and if the

public didn’t treat math as quite so scary; statistics and errors, which tell us the

uncertainty in a measurement, give us the tools to evaluate new developments



But most important, people have to recognize that science can be complex.

If we accept only simple stories, the description will necessarily be distorted.

When advances are subtle or complicated, scientists should be willing to go

the extra distance to give proper explanations and the public should be more

patient about the truth. Even so, some difficulties are unavoidable. Most

developments reflect work in progress, so the story is complex because no one

yet knows the big picture.

27. A.Science plays an increasingly significant role in people’s lives.

28. C Scientists do not toally comprehend the meaning of certain scientific evolution.

29. B common people may be misled by the inaccurate choice of scientific phrase

30. D Freon’s destructive process on environmental

31.B The proof applied by both sides seemed to be of no big difference

32. True

33.Not given

34. Not givem

35. False

36.word choicers

37.colloquial terminology



40. general relativity







Figures show that in some countries, there is an ever-increasing proportion of population aged 15 or younger. What do you think the effect of current and future in those countries.



Section1 一个女的咨询她住的附近有怎样的图书馆

  1. Skellran
  2. park
  3. 4.30
  4. drama
  5. singing
  6. artists
  7. magazines
  8. films
  9. number
  10. maps

Section2 新题,暂无回忆

Section3 新题,盐与饮食,暂无回忆

Section 4新西兰珍惜鸟fairy tern种保护问题

31. rivers



34. farming

35. eggs

36. storm








P1 Natural Pesticide in India 印度农村农药

P2 人类进化

P3 historian and film




小作文表格图大作文scientific research  给政府控制 私人公司好 agree or disagree?


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