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剑桥雅思10Test3阅读Passage1答案解析 The Context, Meaning and Scop […]

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剑桥雅思10Test3阅读Passage1答案解析 The Context, Meaning and Scope of Tourism 旅游业

剑桥雅思10阅读第三套题目第一篇文章的13道题由4道段落标题匹配,6道TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN判断,以及3道单句填空构成,难度不算太短。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读中需要大家掌握的重点词汇与对应的原文翻译

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思10 test 3 passage 1 旅游业

剑桥雅思10Test3阅读Passage1原文翻译 The Context, Meaning and Scope of Tourism 旅游业

剑桥雅思10 Test3 Passage1阅读答案解析

第1题答案:ii

对应原文:B段:Tourism in the mass form as we know it today is a distinctly twentieth-century phenomenon

答案解析:B段一开始就说了我们所熟悉的大众旅游业是20世纪才有的现象。随后按照时间顺序介绍了其起源,二战后的发展,以及发挥的作用。由此确定ii为答案。

第2题答案:i

对应原文:C段:Tourism today has grown significantly in both economic and social importance …  Thus, tourism has a profound impact both on the world economy and, because of the educative effect of travel and the effects on employment, on society itself.

答案解析:C段开头和结尾都提到了旅游业对经济和社会的重要性,很容易确定i为答案。

第3题答案:v

对应原文:D段:the major problems of the travel and tourism industry that have hidden, or obscured, its economic impact are the diversity and fragmentation of the industry itself.

答案解析:D段开始提到旅游业自身的多样性文章来自老烤鸭雅思和分散性掩盖或模糊了其经济影响。后面又用具体的例子来说明这一观点。由此确定v选项为答案。

第4题答案:vii

对应原文:E段整段

答案解析:这道题虽然不像前几题那样有明确对应的主题句。但整个这一段都在描述旅游业对各个国家的重要性。选项中只有vii能够对其进行概括,由此确定答案。

第5题答案:TRUE

对应原文:C段:The travel and tourism industry is the world’s largest employer with almost 130 million jobs, or almost 7 percent of all employees.

答案解析:C段中部提到,旅游观光也是世界上最大的雇主。题干中的描述与此并没有太大差别,由此确定答案为TRUE。

第6题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:C段:This industry is the world’s leading industrial contributor, producing over 6 per cent of the world’s gross national product

答案解析:根据six percent定位到C段的这一句。但原文中说的是旅游业贡献了全球国民生产总值的6%。至于澳大利亚是否如此则不得而知(不能因此就说澳大利亚不是6%)。由此确定答案为NOT GIVEN。

第7题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:C段:Thus, tourism has a profound impact both on the world economy and, because of the educative effect of travel and the effects on employment, on society itself.

答案解析:原文中提到,旅游业因为其教育意义和对就业的影响而具有社会意义。休闲娱乐在原文中并未提及,但也并非不能与教育和就业共存或者与其相反,由此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第8题答案:TRUE

对应原文:D段:the major problems of the travel and tourism industry that have hidden, or obscured, its economic impact are the diversity and fragmentation of the industry itself

答案解析:D段开头明确提到,是的旅游业的经济影响难以评估的,正是其自身多样性和分散性的特点。题干中two main features的说法符合这一描述,由此确定答案为TRUE。

第9题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:D段:Since many of these businesses also serve local residents, the impact of spending by visitors can easily be overlooked or underestimated.

答案解析:原文中只是说,许多企业同时也为本地居民服务,导致游客的开支被低估。但并未对本地居民和游客的消费进行比较。题目属于无中生有,由此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第10题答案:FALSE

对应原文:E段:However, because of problems of definition, which directly affect statistical measurement, it is not possible with any degree of certainty to provide precise, valid or reliable data about the extent of world-wide tourism participation or its economic impact. In many cases, similar difficulties arise when attempts are made to measure domestic tourism.

答案解析:原文中提到,几乎不可能得出世界范围内旅游业经济影响的准确数据。尝试评估国内旅游业时也会遇到相似的麻烦。题干中的easy与原文中的描述完全相反,因此判断答案为FALSE。

第11题答案:source of income/industry

对应原文:E段:tourism is the major source of income in Bermuda, Greece, Italy, Spain, Switzerland and most Caribbean countries.

答案解析:根据Greece定位到E段的这句话。空前词most important与major同义替换,由此确定答案为source of income。

第12题答案:employer

对应原文:E段:tourism industry is the number one ranked employer in the Bahamas, Brazil, Canada, France, (the former) West Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Singapore, the United Kingdom and the United States.

答案解析:根据Jamaica定位到E段的这句话。空前词major与number one ranked同义替换,由此确定答案为employer。

第13题答案:domestic tourism

对应原文:E段:However, because of problems of definition, which directly affect statistical measurement, it is not possible with any degree of certainty to provide precise, valid or reliable data about the extent of world-wide tourism participation or its economic impact. In many cases, similar difficulties arise when attempts are made to measure domestic tourism.

答案解析:根据measuring international tourism定位到E段的这句话。题干中问的是,衡量国际旅游业的问题也经常反映在什么上。可见空上要填一个与国际旅游业相对应的词。由此锁定domestic tourism

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