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剑桥雅思12Test7Passage2阅读答案解析 The Intersection of Health Sc […]

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剑桥雅思12Test7Passage2阅读答案解析 The Intersection of Health Sciences and Geography

剑桥雅思12阅读第七套题目第二篇文章的13道题由6道段落信息匹配和7道单句填空组成。因为段落信息匹配需要仔细阅读文段中的每一句话,因此比较消耗时间,可能会最终造成时间不够的情况。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读中需要大家掌握的重点词汇与对应的原文翻译

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思12 test 7 passage 2 健康与地理

剑桥雅思12Test7Passage2阅读原文翻译 The Intersection of Health Sciences and Geography

剑桥雅思12 Test7 Passage2阅读答案解析

第14题答案:D

对应原文:D段:While people will always be prone to illness

答案解析:D段倒数第二句提到,人们总是会得病,即承认一些疾病是无法完全消除的。由此确定答案。

第15题答案:C

对应原文:C段:Part of the problem is, of course, the massive number of cars being driven, in addition to factories that run on coal power.  The rapid industrialization of some countries in recent years has also led to the cutting down of forests to allow for the expansion of big cities

答案解析:C段中提到人类行为的影响,比如大量的汽车,利用煤炭的工厂,以及城市扩张导致森林的砍伐等。这些都能够与题干中physical conditions caused by human behaviour对应,由此确定答案。

第16题答案:F

对应原文:F段:Researchers … work to create a clear way of categorizing illnesses, diseases and epidemics into local and global scales.

答案解析:F段开头提到,研究者致力于创造一种清晰的方式,将疾病、疫情和传染病按照本地和全球的规模进行分类。其中local与global scales对应题干上的how far they extend geographically,由此确定答案。

第17题答案:G

对应原文:G段:In both developed and developing nations there is often a very large discrepancy between the options available to people in different social classes, income brackets, and levels of education.

答案解析:G段提到,无论是发展中国家还是发达国家,不同社会阶层,收入水平和教育程度的人群所享有的选择存在很大差异。其中options available对应access,discrepancy对应vary,country对应nation,由此确定答案。

第18题答案:D

对应原文:D段:Health geography is the combination of, on the one hand, knowledge regarding geography and methods used to analyse and interpret geographical information, and on the other, the study of health, diseases and healthcare practices around the world.

答案解析:D段中提到,健康地理学一方面包括地理学的相关知识文章来自老烤鸭雅思和用于分析解读地理信息的方法,另一方面又涉及对世界范围内健康、疾病和医疗实践的研究。即健康地理学是不同学术领域的结合,由此确定答案。

第19题答案:B

对应原文:B段:Malaria is much less of a problem in high-altitude deserts, for instance.

答案解析:B段中最后提到,疟疾在诸如高海拔的沙漠地区就不是什么问题。其中high-altitude对应type of area,Malaria对应Particular illness,less对应rare,由此确定答案。

第20题答案:vaccinations

对应原文:A段:While many diseases that affect humans have been eradicated due to improvements in vaccinations and the availability of healthcare

答案解析:根据疾病消失这一信息点定位到A段的第一句话,thanks to与due to对应,再根据并列关系,可以比较容易的确定vaccinations为答案。

第21题答案:antibiotics

对应原文:A段:In a world that is far more globalized than ever before, people come into contact with one another through travel and living closer and closer to each other. As a result, super-viruses and other infections resistant to antibiotics are becoming more and more common.

答案解析:根据more contact定位到这句话,题干中问的是什么东西失去效力。这段内容中能往上填的只有antibiotics。此外,我们也可以根据losing their usefulness与resistant的对应来确定答案。

第22题答案:mosquito(e)s

对应原文:B段:Perhaps one of the most obvious examples of this idea is malaria-prone areas, which are usually tropical regions that foster a warm and damp environment in which the mosquitos that can give people this disease can grow.

答案解析:根据hot与warm的对应,以及damp这一原词定位到B段的这句话。题干中问的是什么东西能引发疾病,disease-causing对应give people this disease,由此确定答案为mosquitos。

第23题答案:factories

对应原文:C段:in addition to factories that run on coal power

答案解析:C段中描述了人类引发的各项污染,再根据particular fuel与coal power的对应将注意力放在这句话上。无论是根据词性还是句子含义,都可以确定答案为factories。

第24题答案:forests

对应原文:C段:The rapid industrialization of some countries in recent years has also led to the cutting down of forests to allow for the expansion of big cities

答案解析:根据growth of cities与expansion of big cities的对应定位到这句话。题干中问的是对什么东西有影响,填上去语义合适的只有forests。

第25题答案:Polio

对应原文:D段:It is an increasingly important area of study in a world where diseases like polio are re-emerging

答案解析:题干中问的是哪一种疾病在被消除之后,又再次增长。正好对应re-emerging这一单词,由此确定答案为polio。

第26题答案:mountain

对应原文:G段:for instance, it may be very difficult for people to get medical attention because there is a mountain between their village and the nearest hospital

答案解析:根据hospital和for instance与such as的对应定位到这句话。题干中问的是哪种物理障碍能阻止人们到达医院,原文中填上去符合句义的只有mountain,由此确定答案。

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