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剑桥雅思12Test7Passage3阅读答案解析 Music and the emotions 音乐与情感 […]

剑桥雅思12Test7Passage3阅读答案解析 Music and the emotions 音乐与情感

剑桥雅思12阅读第七套题目第三篇文章的14道题由5道总结型填空,5道单项选择和4道完成句子匹配组成。整体难度较大,完全符合第三篇关底boss的地位。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读中需要大家掌握的重点词汇与对应的原文翻译

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思12 test 7 passage 3 音乐与情感 music and emotions

剑桥雅思12Test7Passage3阅读原文翻译 Music and the emotions 音乐与情感

剑桥雅思12 Test7 Passage3阅读答案解析

第27题答案:dopamine

对应原文:第2段:The first thing they discovered is that music triggers the production of dopamine – a chemical with a key role in setting people’s moods – by the neurons (nerve cells) in both the dorsal and ventral regions of the brain

答案解析:题干询问,人们注意到大脑两个部分的神经元都释放出一种叫做什么的物质。从句义分析可知,空上应该填一个专业词汇。根据two of the parts of the brain与both the dorsal and ventral regions of the brain的对应定位到这句话,由此确定答案为dopamine。

第28题答案:pleasure

对应原文:第2段:As these two regions have long been linked with the experience of pleasure, this finding isn’t particularly surprising.

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,associated with与linked with同义替换,由此确定答案为pleasure。

第29题答案:caudate

对应原文:第3段:What is rather more significant is the finding that the dopamine neurons in the caudate – a region of the brain involved in learning stimulus-response associations

答案解析:根据题干上的called可以推测空上应该填一个专业词汇,而且是大脑的某个区域。由此确定答案为caudate。

第30题答案:anticipatory phase

对应原文:第3段:The researchers call this the ‘anticipatory phase’; and argue that the purpose of this activity is to help us predict the arrival of our favourite part. 

答案解析:从题干中的known as可以推测空上填的也是专业词汇,根据favoirte moments与favourite part的同义替换定位到这句话,known as与call对应,由此确定答案为anticipatory phase。

第31题答案:food

对应原文:第3段:response associations, and in anticipating food and other ‘reward’ stimuli

答案解析:根据reward stimuli定位到这句话,从题干中的such as可以推测空上填的应该是某样具体的东西,由此确定答案为food。

第32题答案:B

对应原文:第1段:The pupils in our eyes dilate, our pulse and blood pressure rise, the electrical conductance of our skin is lowered, and the cerebellum, a brain region associated with bodily movement, becomes strangely active. Blood is even re-directed to the muscles in our legs

答案解析:第1段的后半部分描述了我们听到音乐时的各项身体反应,瞳孔会扩大,脉搏和血压会升高,皮肤的导电率会下降等,对应B选项的physical responses,由此确定答案。A选项错在vary,原文中并没有提到人们的反应差别很大。C选项和D选项都没有提到。因此统统排除。

第33题答案:C

对应原文:第2段:Because the scientists were combining methodologies (PET and fMRI), they were able to obtain an impressively exact and detailed portrait of music in the brain. 

答案解析:原文中提到,科学家结合PET和fMRI的方法,能够获得音乐在大脑中准确而细致的图像。C选项precise对应exact和detailed,由此确定答案。原文中并未评价该实验的目的是否具有创新性,因此排除A。B选项错在too,C选项错在unnecessarily complex。

第34题答案:A

对应原文:第3段:What is rather more significant is the finding that the dopamine neurons in the caudate … were at their most active around 15 seconds before the participants’ favourite moments in the music

答案解析:第3段开头提到,这一实验更为重要的发现是,多巴胺神经元在参与者最喜欢的部分到来15秒之前处于最活跃的状态。即参与者对音乐做出反应的时机,由此确定A为正确答案。原文中文章来自老烤鸭雅思并未提到B选项和D选项的内容,而C选项与第2段结尾处的内容相反,作者对此的评价是,并不是很让人吃惊,而非interesting,因此统统排除。

第35题答案:B

对应原文:第5段:To demonstrate this psychological principle, the musicologist Leonard Meyer

答案解析:第5段一开始就明确说明引用Leonard Meyer是为了证明这一心理原则。B选项中demonstrate与offer suppot对应,findings of the Montreal study对应this psychological principle,由此确定为正确答案。选项A,C,D在原文中都找不到明确对应的地方,因此统统排除。

第36题答案:D

对应原文:第6段:Meyer argued that the emotions we find in music come from the unfolding events of the music itself. 

答案解析:Meyer认为我们在音乐中体会到的情绪来自于音乐自身的展开。D选项internal structure对应unfolding events of the music itself,由此确定为答案。选项A和选项C在原文中没有提到,选项B则是Meyer要反驳的观念,因此统统排除。

第37题答案:F

对应原文:第3段:What is rather more significant is the finding that the dopamine neurons in the caudate … were at their most active around 15 seconds before the participants’ favourite moments in the music

答案解析:原文中有两个地方提到对Montreal研究的评价,分别在第2段的结尾和第3段的开头。前者在选项中找不到对应的地方,后者则正好是F选项所描述的内容,由此确定它为答案。因为这一题的对应内容在前面已经考过,所以要相对简单一些。

第38题答案:B

对应原文:第4段: Numerous studies, after all, have demonstrated that dopamine neurons quickly adapt to predictable rewards

答案解析:根据many studies和numerous studies的对应定位到这句话。原文中提到,多巴胺神经元会快速适应可预测的奖励。选项B中neuron和predictable原词出现,decreases对应adapt,由此确定答案。

第39题答案:E

对应原文:第5段:He wants to preserve an element of uncertainty in his music, making our brains beg for the one chord he refuses to give us. Beethoven saves that chord for the end.

答案解析:根据Meyer’s analysis定位到第5段。原文中提到,贝多芬拒绝赐予我们大脑所祈求的和弦,直到乐章结束时才会满足这一需要。即延迟给予听众他们所期待听到的内容,由此确定E为答案。

第40题答案:C

对应原文:第6段:earlier theories of music focused on the way a sound can refer to the real world of images and experiences – its ‘connotative‘ meaning

答案解析:原文中提到,早期的音乐理论关注声音暗示真实世界图像和体验的方式。C选项中actual对应real,pictures对应images,events对应experiences,由此确定答案。

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剑桥雅思12Test7Passage3阅读答案解析 Music and the emotions:等您坐沙发呢!

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