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剑桥雅思12Test5Passage3阅读答案解析 What’s the purpose of g […]

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剑桥雅思12Test5Passage3阅读答案解析 What’s the purpose of gaining knowledge 获取知识的目的

剑桥雅思12阅读第5套题目第三篇文章的14道题由6道段落标题匹配,4道总结型填空,以及4道TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN组成。题目难度倒还可以接受,但因为文章讨论的内容过于晦涩,还利用了同词不同意的现象,给我们做题带来了很大的障碍。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读中需要大家掌握的重点词汇与对应的原文翻译

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思12 test 5 passage 3 获取知识的目的purpose of gaining knowledge

剑桥雅思12Test5Passage3阅读原文翻译 What’s the purpose of gaining knowledge 获取知识的目的是什么

剑桥雅思12 Test5 Passage3阅读答案解析

第27题答案:vi

对应原文:A段:But what would the founders of these two institutions have thought of a course called ‘Arson for Profit’?

答案解析:A段中提到,康奈尔大学的创始人希望为各种各样的学生提供所有的知识。随后过渡到,但他们会怎么看到一门叫做“纵火谋利”的科目。即该课程的名字有些过于出人意料。由此确定vi为答案。

第28题答案:viii

对应原文:B段:Naturally, the course is intended for prospective arson investigators … But wouldn’t this also be the perfect course for prospective arsonists to sign up for

答案解析:B段提到,这门课是为未来的纵火调查员设计的。但它对于未来的纵火犯来说也是完美的课程。即可能吸引到错误类型的学生,由此确定viii为答案。

第29题答案:ii

对应原文:C段:After all, a subject matter can have principles in the sense of being codified, having rules, as with football or chess, without being principled in the sense of being ethical.

答案解析:C段利用了principle一词多义的现象,导致读起来有些困难。前面文章来自老烤鸭雅思指的是原理,后面指的是原则。即一门科目可以有原理,但伦理上却不必有原则。对应ii选项有用两种含义的课程名称,由此确定答案。

第30题答案:iv

对应原文:D段:Is that obvious? I made the suggestion, which may sound downright crazy in light of the evidence, that perhaps marketing is by definition principled. 

答案解析:D段提到,作者受康德启发,认为市场营销在定义上是有原则的。这种想法有些出人意料。选项中唯一能够与此对应的只有iv-将某一理论应用到意料之外的情景。由此确定答案。

第31题答案:iii

对应原文:E段:A field of knowledge or a professional endeavor is defined by both the means and the end; hence both deserve scrutiny. Students need to study both how to achieve X, and also what X is.

答案解析:E段最后提到,一门知识是由手段和目的共同定义的。它们都需要仔细审视。学生既需要学习如何实现X,也需要了解X是什么。即两者同等重要。由此确定iii为答案。

第32题答案:vii

对应原文:F段:But we would not call that firefighting. We have a separate word for it: arson … you would not be doing marketing. We have another term for it: fraud …  We would say that one is practicing medicine, the other, murder.

答案解析:这道题相对比较简单一些。F段举了三个不同的例子,指出利用同样的知识实现不同的目的会得到不一样的称呼。由此确定vii为答案。

第33题答案:fire science

对应原文:A段:Any undergraduates who have met the academic requirements can sign up for the course in our program in ‘fire science’

答案解析:根据标题和undergraduates定位到A段。从题干可以推测,空上应该填一门学科。A段中满足这一条件的只有fire science,由此确定答案。

第34题答案:investigators

对应原文:B段:Naturally, the course is intended for prospective arson investigators

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,从题干上推测,空上填的应该是他们想要成为什么样的人。再加上prospective与expectation的同义替换,由此确定investigators为答案。

第35题答案:evidence

对应原文:B段:who can learn all the tricks of the trade for detecting whether a fire was deliberately set, discovering who did it, and establishing a chain of evidence for effective prosecution in a court of law.

答案解析:根据detect定位到这句话,空前词find在原文中没有很直接的对应。因此我们换个思路,利用词性去筛选。这句话中的名词有tricks, trade, chain和evidence这四个(prosecution, court和law涉及到下一题),其中只有evidence填上去语意通顺,由此确定答案。

第36题答案:prosecution

对应原文:B段:and establishing a chain of evidence for effective prosecution in a court of law.

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,根据court定位到这句话。effective与successful同义替换,由此确定prosecution为答案。

第37题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:无

答案解析:原文完全提到课程是否很难吸引没有相关职业规划的学生,由此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第38题答案:YES

对应原文:B段:wouldn’t this also be the perfect course for prospective arsonists to sign up for? …  it’s not unknown for a firefighter to torch a building

答案解析:B段提到,这门课也很适合未来的纵火犯。并且对于消防员来说,点燃一栋建筑并不陌生。题目相当于将这两句话拼接起来,其他则没有进行任何更改,因此判断答案为YES。

第39题答案:NO

对应原文:B段:they are highly welcome as part of the increasing professionalization of this and many other occupations.

答案解析:B段中间提到,在各行各业日益专业化的今天,这一课程受到高度欢迎。可见纵火课程并没有因为太过学术而无法帮助相应的职业。由此判断答案为NO。

第40题答案:NO

对应原文:F段:When I ask fire science students to articulate the end, or purpose, of their field, they eventually generalize to something like, ‘The safety and welfare of society,’ which seems right.

答案解析:当作者逼问学生时,他们只给出了十分概括的说法。题目中detailed的描述与原文中generalize的说法相冲突,由此判断答案为NO。

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