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剑桥雅思13Test3Passage2阅读答案解析 How baby talk gives infant br […]

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剑桥雅思13Test3Passage2阅读答案解析 How baby talk gives infant brains a boost 儿语如何促进婴儿大脑发育

剑桥雅思13阅读第三套题目第二篇文章的13道题由4道人名观点匹配,6道总结型填空和3道段落信息匹配组成。题目本身难度不算太大,但文章长难句较多,给我们的理解带来一定困难。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读对应的原文翻译

剑桥雅思13Test3Passage2阅读原文翻译 How bay talk gives infant brans a boost 儿语在婴儿大脑发育中的作用

剑桥雅思13 Test3 Passage2阅读答案解析

第14题答案:B

对应原文:D段:says Nairán Ramírez-Esparza of the University of Connecticut. ‘We also found that it really matters whether you use baby talk in a one-on-one context,’ she adds.

答案解析:人名观点匹配类的题目反过来做会简单一些,即先在原文中圈出人名所在的地方,然后再看题干中的信息属于哪个人的观点。

题干中的importance与really matters对应,individual attention与one-on-one context对应,由此确定答案为B。

第15题答案:A

对应原文:F段:The results suggest that listening to baby talk prompts infant brains to start practicing their language skills … says co-author Patricia Kuhl

答案解析:F段中间提到,听儿语可以促进婴儿大脑开始锻炼他们自己的语言能力。其中connection对应promps,listening对应hear,create speech对应praticing their language skills,由此确定A为答案。

第16题答案:C

对应原文:C段:‘The idea is that a kid gets to practice a certain kind of speech with mom and another kind of speech with dad, so the kid then has a wider repertoire of kinds of speech to practice,’ says VanDam.

答案解析:C段最后提到,孩子跟妈妈联系一种语言,跟爸爸联系另一种语言,这样一来,孩子随后会拥有更广泛的语料库来练习。即父母双方以不同方式说话的好处,由此确定C为正确答案。

第17题答案:B

对应原文:D段: The study found that the more baby talk parents used, the more their youngsters began to babble … says Nairán Ramírez-Esparza

答案解析:D段第二句提到,研究发现,父母使用的儿语较多,他们的孩子也会咿呀学语的越多。即孩子听到的儿语数量与他们自己说话数量的联系。由此确定B为答案。

第18题答案:recording devices

对应原文:C段:Mark VanDam of Washington State University at Spokane and colleagues equipped parents with recording devices and speech-recognition software …

答案解析:根据Washington State University定位到C段的这句话。从题干可以看出,空上应该填一种物品,而且还要与software并列,符合这一条件的只有recording devices。

第19题答案:fathers/dads

对应原文:C段:Dads didn’t raise their pitch or fundamental frequency when they talked to kids.

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,发现modify their ordinary speech patterns对应不提高他们的音调或者基础频率,由此确定dads为正确答案。

第20题答案:bridge hypothesis

对应原文:C段:Their role may be rooted in what is called the bridge hypothesis, which dates back to 1975.

答案解析:一般而言,当题干中空前提示词为known as时,答案一般为某种专业的理论或者专有名词,再加上known as与called同义替换,由此确定答案为bridge hypothesis。

第21题答案:repertoire

对应原文:C段:The idea is that a kid gets to practice a certain kind of speech with mom and another kind of speech with dad, so the kid then has a wider repertoire of kinds of speech to practice

答案解析:题干中的内容在16题已经有所考察,因此定位没有任何难度。expands与wider对应,types与kings对应,根据修饰关系确定答案为repertoire。

第22题答案:(audio-recording) vests

对应原文:D段:Scientists from the University of Washington and the University of Connecticut … fitting 26 children with audio-recording vests

答案解析:根据两所大学的名字定位到D段的第一句话。从题干可以看出空上填的应该是某种设备,再加上with与using的同义替换,由此确定答案为audio-recording vests。

第23题答案:vocabulary

对应原文:D段:when researchers saw the same babies at age two, they found that frequent baby talk had dramatically boosted vocabulary, regardless of socioeconomic status.

答案解析:根据年龄age two定位到这句话。从题干文章来自老烤鸭雅思可以看出空上应该填一个名词,larger又与boosted同义替换,由此确定答案为vocabulary。

第24题答案:F

对应原文:F段:In a study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a total of 57 babies from two slightly different age groups – seven months and eleven and a half months …

答案解析:这道题的解题关键在于before the end of their first year。虽然文章通篇都在讲婴儿语言的事情,但只有F段提到了1岁以前的年龄,由此确定答案为F。

第25题答案:A

对应原文:A段:Most babies start developing their hearing while still in the womb, prompting some hopeful parents to play classical music to their pregnant bellies.

答案解析:A段中提到,大多数婴儿还在子宫里的时候就发育出听觉,促使一些满怀希望的父母对着他们怀孕的肚子播放古典音乐。对应题干中家长在孩子出生前所做的事情,由此确定A为答案。

第26题答案:E

对应原文:E段:They found that the ‘infant’ sounds held babies’ attention nearly 40 percent longer.

答案解析:E段中部提到,婴儿的声音可以让孩子保持关注的时间长出将近40%。即婴儿更喜欢其他婴儿发出的声音,由此确定答案。

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