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剑桥雅思13Test1Passage2阅读答案解析 Why being bored is stimulatin […]

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剑桥雅思13Test1Passage2阅读答案解析 Why being bored is stimulating and useful too

剑桥雅思13阅读第一套题目第二篇文章的13道题由6道段落标题匹配,4道人名观点匹配和3道总结型填空组成。虽然题型比较吓人,但因为文章本身不算太难,长度也一般,因此做起来还算顺手。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读对应的原文翻译与需要大家掌握的高频词汇

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思13 Test 1 Passage 2 厌烦情绪的研究与讨论

剑桥雅思13Test1Passage1阅读原文翻译 Why being bored is stimulating and useful too

剑桥雅思13 Test1 Passage2阅读答案解析

第14题答案:iv

对应原文:A段:But defining boredom so that it can be studied in the lab has proved difficult.

答案解析:A段第2句提到:给“厌烦”下定义以便它能够在实验室中接受研究十分困难。其中sudied in the lab与scientific approach同意替换,difficult与problems同义替换,由此确定iv选项为答案。

第15题答案:vi

对应原文:B段:Thomas Goetz and his team … have recently identified five distinct types: indifferent, calibrating, searching, reactant and apathetic.

答案解析:B段开头就提到Thomas Goetz和他的团队界定出五种不同的厌烦类型。对应vi选项中creating a system of classification,由此确定答案。

第16题答案:i

对应原文:C段:Mann has found that being bored makes us more creative

答案解析:C段开头第二句提到,Mann发现,处于厌烦的状态可以让我们变得更加有创造力。其中creative与productive对应,result from与makes对应,由此确定i为答案。

第17题答案:v

对应原文:D段:if they are not successful there’s that frustration and irritability … repeatedly failing to engage attention can lead to a state where we don’t know what to do any more, and no longer care.

答案解析:D段引用John Eastwood的观点,说明厌烦情绪文章来自老烤鸭雅思所带来的不好影响,比如它会造成沮丧和易怒,还可能造成不知道做什么,不再关心其他事物。对应v选项中的potential danger,由此确定v为答案。

第18题答案:viii

对应原文:E段:they think that at least some of it comes down to personality.

答案解析:E段主要介绍性格与厌烦之间的联系,指出一些人更加容易厌烦,而其他人则不那么容易。对应viii选项中“those most affected by boredom”,由此确定答案。

第19题答案:iii

对应原文:F段:our over-connected lifestyles might even be a new source of boredom … perhaps we should leave our phones alone, and use boredom to motivate us to engage with the world in a more meaningful way.

答案解析:F段比较简短,很容易总结出其大致的含义。前半段指出过度联系的生活方式是厌烦的新来源,对应iii选项的new explaination。后半段指出我们可以放下手机,利用厌烦来驱动我们投身世界,对应iii选项的new cure,由此确定答案。

第20题答案:E

对应原文:A段:Peter Toohey compares it to disgust – an emotion that motivates us to stay away from certain situations. ‘If disgust protects humans from infection, boredom may protect them from “infectious” social situations,’ he suggests.

答案解析:根据人名定位到A段的这句话。E选项中encourage与motivate同义替换,avoid与stay away同义替换,unpleansant experience与infectious social situations对应,由此确定答案为E。

第21题答案:B

对应原文:B段:Of the five types, the most damaging is ‘reactant’ boredom with its explosive combination of high arousal and negative emotion.

答案解析:根据人名定位到B段,但这段话的内容较多,需要我们具备一定的耐心,才能从选项中找到答案。在浏览了大半段话之后,发现reactant boredom对应B选项中的one sort of boredom,most damaging对应 worse,由此确定答案。

第22题答案:D

对应原文:D段:What’s more, your efforts to improve the situation can end up making you feel worse.

答案解析: D段和E段都提到了John Eastwood,比较考验大家的skimming能力。快速浏览之后发现,D选项trying对应efforts,cope with对应improve,negative effects对应worse,由此确定答案。

第23题答案:A

对应原文:F段:Psychologist Francoise Wemelsfelder Speculates that our over-connected lifestyles might even be a new source of boredom.

答案解析:根据人名定位到F段,选项A中the way we live对应lifestyles,encourage对应a new source,由此确定答案。

第24题答案:focus

对应原文:D段:For Eastwood, the central feature of boredom is a failure to put our ‘attention system’ into gear. This causes an inability to focus on anything

答案解析:根据人名和attention system定位到D段的这句话,从题干中可以推测空上应该填一个动词。cannot与inability同义替换,由此确定答案。

第25题答案:pleasure

对应原文:E段:People who are motivated by pleasure seem to suffer particularly badly.

答案解析:从题干可以推测空应该填某一类人,因此将目光移向E段。have problems与suffer同义替换,再加上空上应该填一个名词,由此确定答案为pleasure。

第26题答案:curiosity

对应原文:E段:Other personality traits, such as curiosity, are associated with a high boredom threshold.

答案解析:根据whereas与other的对应定位到这句话,characteristic与trait同义替换,由此确定答案为curiosity.

剑桥雅思13Test1Passage1阅读答案解析 case study: Tourism New Zealand website

剑桥雅思13Test1Passage3阅读答案解析 Artificial artists 人工智能艺术家

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