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剑桥雅思17Test4Passage1阅读答案解析 Bats to the rescue 马达加斯加蝙蝠 剑桥 […]

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剑桥雅思17Test4Passage1阅读答案解析 Bats to the rescue 马达加斯加蝙蝠

剑桥雅思17阅读第四套题目第一篇文章的13道题由6道TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN判断和7道表格填空组成。虽然其中一些题目的提示词不太明显,但因为整篇文章结构清晰,用词相对简单,做起来难度不算很大。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

剑桥雅思17 Test4 Passage1阅读答案解析

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第1题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第1段:Much of this destruction is fuelled by the cultivation of the country’s main staple crop: rice.

答案解析:原文中第一段提到,“推动这一破坏的主要原因是该国家所种植的主要粮食作物:大米”。也就是说,马达加斯加森林变少主要是因为开荒种田,而非害虫侵扰。题干中的描述与原文不符,因此判断答案为FALSE。

第2题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第1段:The result is devastating habitat and biodiversity loss on the island, but not all species are suffering. In fact, some of the island’s insectivorous bats are currently thriving

答案解析:原文提到,开辟森林用于种田确实破坏了动物的栖息地,但蝙蝠并非如此。事实上,其族群还繁荣兴盛。题干中badly affected的说法与原文中currently thriving冲突,因此判断答案为FALSE。

第3题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:第2段:Rocha’s new study shows that several species of bats are giving Madagascar’s rice farmers a vital pest control service by feasting on plagues of insects.

答案解析:原文中只提到Rocha最新研究的内容,对其之前的经历则只字未提,题干“之前在世界其他地区研究过蝙蝠”的说法属于无中生有,因此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第4题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第4段:several species of indigenous bats are taking advantage of habitat modification to this article is from laokaoya website hunt insects swarming above the country’s rice fields.

第5段:These winner species are providing a valuable free service to Madagascar as biological pest suppressors

答案解析:这道题需要结合第四段和第五段的内容才能做出正确判断。题干前半句基本都是第4段中的原词,而后半句useful to farmers文章来自老烤鸭雅思则对应providing a valuable free service,即所有信息点在原文中都能找到依据,因此判断答案为TRUE。

第5题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:第4段:They include the Malagasy mouse-eared bat, Major’s long-fingered bat, the Malagasy white-bellied free-tailed bat and Peters’ wrinkle-lipped bat.

答案解析:原文只是对马达加斯加的几种蝙蝠进行列举,并没有比较它们谁更常见一些。题干more common的说法属于无中生有,因此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第6题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第5段:We found that six species of bat are preying on rice pests, including the paddy swarming caterpillar and grass webworm

答案解析:原文第五段提到了蝙蝠的食物类型。题干中feed on对应prey on,剩下的都是原词,很容易判断答案为TRUE。

第7题答案:droppings

对应原文:第7段:They next used DNA barcoding techniques to analyse droppings collected from bats at the different sites.

答案解析:根据DNA定位到第7段的这句话,空前词analysis与analyse对应,由修饰关系,确定答案为droppings。

第8题答案:coffee

对应原文:第8段:the bats were consuming pests of other crops, including the black twig borer (which infests coffee plants), the sugarcane cicada, the macadamia nut-borer, and the sober tabby (a pest of citrus fruits).

答案解析:根据sugarcane和fruits定位到第8段,通过并列关系可以推断出空上应该填某种农作物,由此锁定coffee。

第9题答案:mosquitoes

对应原文:第10段:Malagasy bats feed not just on crop pests but also on mosquitoes … as well as blackflies, which spread river blindness.

答案解析:根据blackflies定位到第10段的这句话,题干中and对应as well as,由并列关系确定答案为mosquitoes。

第10题答案:protein

对应原文:第11段: When food is scarce, bats become a crucial source of protein for local people

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,根据food定位到第11段的这句话。题干问的是食物富含什么东西,原文中填上去语义合适的只有protein,由此确定其为正确答案。

第11题答案:unclean

对应原文:第11段:And as well as roosting in trees, the bats sometimes roost in buildings, but are not welcomed there because they make them unclean.

答案解析:根据roost和buildings定位到11段的这句话,空前词become对应make,由此锁定答案为unclean。或者我们也可以从题干语法推断出空上应该填一个形容词,而这句话中的形容词只有unclean,填上去语义也合适,因此确定其为正确答案。

第12题答案:culture

对应原文:第11段:which makes them very significant in the culture of the people

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,根据important与significant的同义替换定位到这句话。无论是根据the people与local的对应,还是空前介词in,都可以确定答案为culture。

第13题答案:houses

对应原文:第11段:we hope that farmers can promote this mutually beneficial relationship by installing bat houses

答案解析:根据we hope与recommendation的对应,以及farmers定位到第11段的这句话,虽然空前修饰词special在原文中没有明显的同义替换,但通过筛选名词即可发现,只有houses填上去语义合适,而且installing也勉强能跟provide对应,由此判断其为正确答案。

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剑桥雅思17Test4Passage1阅读答案解析 Bats to the rescue 马达加斯加蝙蝠:等您坐沙发呢!

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