当前位置: 首页 > 雅思阅读真题解析 > 正文

剑桥雅思17Test4Passage2阅读答案解析 Does education fuel economic […]

老烤鸭雅思口语限量答案请联系小助手微信号:laokaoyaielts

剑桥雅思17Test4Passage2阅读答案解析 Does education fuel economic growth 教育会促进经济发展吗

剑桥雅思17阅读第四套题目第二篇文章的13道题由5道段落信息匹配,4道总结型填空和2道5选2的多选组成。虽然题目的出题方式并不复杂,但原文中生词较多,读起来可能会比较困难,给我们的解题带来一定障碍。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

剑桥雅思17 Test4 Passage2阅读答案解析

老烤鸭雅思原创解析,请勿抄袭转载

第14题答案:E

对应原文:E部分:One way to look at whether education causes economic growth is to ‘hold wealth constant’. This involves following the lives of different people with the same level of wealth over a period of time.

答案解析:全文只有E部分提到了具体的研究方法。其中constant和same level对应题干中的farily consistent,wealth对应income,look at对应focus,different people对应individuals,由此确定E为正确答案。

第15题答案:A

对应原文:A部分:It includes court records, guild ledgers, parish registers, village censuses, tax lists and – the most recent addition – 9,000 handwritten inventories listing over a million personal possessions belonging to ordinary women and men across three centuries.

答案解析:A部分提到,数据库包括“法庭记录,行业账目,教区注册者,村镇人口,税单,以及最近添加的9000份过去三个世纪里普通男性和女性所拥有的超过100万件物品的手写财产清单”。即各种数据的具体来源,由此确定A为正确答案。

第16题答案:D

对应原文:D部分:Juliana Schweickherdt … was reprimanded in 1752 by the local weavers’ guild for ‘weaving cloth and combing wool, counter to the guild ordinance’. When Juliana this article is from laokaoya website continued taking jobs reserved for male guild members …

答案解析:D部分提到数据库中的两个具体案例。其中Jualiana因违法协会准则被严惩之后,仍然继续从事保留给协会男性成员的工作。可见其拒绝遵守协会的命令,由此确定D为正确答案。

第17题答案:F

对应原文:F部分第1段:German-speaking central Europe is an excellent laboratory for testing theories of economic growth

答案解析:F部分第1段中间提到,“说德语的中欧是测试经济增长理论的绝佳实验室”。其中German-speaking central Europe对应题干中的region,testing对应research,excellent laboratory对应particularly suited,由此确定F为正确答案。

第18题答案:C

对应原文:C部分第1段:From badger skins to Bibles, sewing machines to scarlet bodices – the villagers’ entire worldly goods are included.

答案解析:C部分第1段提到,“从獾皮到圣经,从缝纫机到深红色的女性紧身胸衣,村民的一切物品都包含在内”。其中badger skins,Bibles,sewing machines和scarlet bodices都可以文章来自老烤鸭雅思对应题干中的examples of the items,由此确定其为正确答案。

第19题答案:descendants

对应原文:D部分:We can follow the same people – and their descendants – across 300 years of educational and economic change

答案解析:根据空后的两个人名定位到D部分,再根据300年定位这句话,由空前修饰词their确定答案为descendants。

第20题答案:sermon

对应原文:D部分:Stories like that of the 24-year-olds Ana Regina and Magdalena Riethmüllerin, who were chastised in 1707 for reading books in church instead of listening to the sermon.

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,根据两个人名定位到这句话。空前词paying attention to对应listening to,由修饰关系确定答案为sermon。

第21题答案:fine

对应原文:D部分:When Juliana continued taking jobs reserved for male guild members, she was summoned before the guild court and told to pay a fine equivalent to one third of a servant’s annual wage.

答案解析:Juliana的案例用了两句话来描述,根据题干中的later定位到后面这句。空前词be given与pay对应,由此锁定答案为fine。

第22题答案:innovation

对应原文:D部分:The dominance of guilds not only prevented people from using their skills, but also held back even the simplest industrial innovation.

答案解析:根据prevent定位到D部分的这句话,由并列关系可以得到两个备选答案skills和industrial innovation,前者已经在题干中出现(skilled),再加上空上只让填一个词,由此锁定innovation。

第23题答案:B

对应原文:B部分:Germany and Scandinavia had excellent literacy rates

答案解析:原文提到,德国和斯堪的纳维亚的识字率相当不错。B选项very good对应excellent,其他都是原词,由此确定其为正确答案。

第24题答案:E

对应原文:B部分:even though there is plenty of evidence that growth increases education

答案解析:原文提到,有充足的证据表明经济增长能够促进教育。E选项improve对应increase,literacy rates对应education,由此确定其为正确答案。A选项错在very little(原文中并没有提到相关研究多不多),C选项错在strong evidence(原文说很难找到明确的证据),而D选项则错在high literacy(英格兰的识字率只是中等),因此通通排除。

第25题答案:B

对应原文:F部分第1段:In villages throughout the region, guilds blocked labour migration

答案解析:原文提到,在该区域的所有村庄里,协会都阻挠工人迁徙。B选项opposed对应blocked,moving对应migration,work对应labour,由此确定其为正确答案。

第26题答案:D

对应原文:F部分第1段: guilds … resisted changes that might reduce their influence.

答案解析:原文提到,协会还拒绝可能削弱它们影响力的改变。D选项opposed对应resisted,practices对应changes,threatened对应reduce,control对应influence,由此确定其为正确答案。A选项,C选项和E选项在原文中都找不到对应,属于无中生有,因此统统排除。

老烤鸭雅思口语课程请联系小助手微信号:laokaoyaielts 老烤鸭雅思公众号
本文固定链接: http://www.laokaoya.com/52733.html | 老烤鸭雅思-专注雅思备考

剑桥雅思17Test4Passage2阅读答案解析 Does education fuel economic growth 教育会促进经济发展吗:等您坐沙发呢!

发表评论

快捷键:Ctrl+Enter
error: Alert: Content is protected !!