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剑桥雅思4 Test 1阅读答案解析 Passage 2 鲸鱼感官 What do whales feel? […]

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剑桥雅思4 Test 1阅读答案解析 Passage 2 鲸鱼感官 What do whales feel?

剑桥雅思4 Test 1 Passage 2这篇阅读文章的12道题目由7道表格填空和5道简答题构成。整体而言非常简单。一方面,无论是表格还是简答一般都遵从顺序出题的方式,很好定位。另一方面,表格的第一列还给出各种感官,进一步降低了寻找的难度。不太了解阅读各种题型出题顺序的同学可以参考以下文章:雅思阅读题目顺序 如何快速定位答案

文末附有这篇雅思阅读文章的完整翻译,以及需要大家掌握的词汇

这套题目另外两篇文章的答案解析请点击下方链接查看:剑桥雅思4 Test 1阅读答案解析 Passage 1&剑桥雅思4 Test 1阅读答案解析 Passage 3 盲人与视觉符号

剑桥雅思4 Test 1阅读Passage 2解析

第15题答案:taste buds

对应原文:第一段:Similarly, although at least some cetaceans have taste buds, the nerves serving these have degenerated or are rudimentary.

解析:通过taste定位段落,通过nerves,以及underdeveloped和degenerated or rudimentary的对应确定句子。空上应该填名词,由此确定答案是taste buds

第16题答案:baleen/the baleen whales

对应原文:第三段:However, the position of the eyes so restricts the field of vision in baleen whales that they probably do not have stereoscopic vision.

解析:通过stereoscopic定位句子所在位置,题目中问的是具体的鲸鱼种类,由此确定答案为baleen whales

第17题答案:forward downward

对应原文:第四段:On the other hand, the position of the eyes in most dolphins and porpoises suggests that they have stereoscopic vision forward and downward

解析:根据dolphins and porpoises定位到句子,从题目中可以看出空上填的是并列的两个单词,由此确定文章来自老烤鸭雅思答案为forward and downward

第18题答案:freshwater dolphins(s)

对应原文:第四段:Eye position in freshwater dolphins, which often swim on their side or upside down while feeding, suggests that what vision they have is stereoscopic forward and upward.

解析:根据forward and downward定位到具体句子,空上问的是鲸鱼种类,由此确定答案为freshwater dolphins

第19题答案:water

对应原文:第四段:By comparison, the bottlenose dolphin has extremely keen vision in water. Judging from the way it watches and tracks airborne flying fish, it can apparently see fairly well through the air-water interface as well.

解析:通过bottlenose dolphin, air-water interface定位到具体的句子,extremly与exceptional对应进一步确认。空前介词为in,由此判断答案为water

第20题答案:lower frequencies

对应原文:第六段:Large baleen whales primarily use the lower frequencies and are often limited in their repertoire.

解析:根据large baleen与repertoire定位到具体句子。从题目中可以判断出来空上填的应该是名词,因此答案只能是lower frequencies.

第21题答案:bowhead humpback

对应原文:第六段:Notable exceptions are the nearly song-like choruses of bowhead whales in summer and the complex, haunting utterances of the humpback whales.

解析:根据song-like定位到具体句子,空上要求填的是鲸鱼种类,很容易确定答案。

第22题答案:touch/sense of touch

对应原文:第二段:This contact may help to maintain order within a group, and stroking or touching are part of the courtship ritual in most species.

解析:根据mating与courtship的对应确定到第二段的这一句,题目问的是哪种感觉,因此排除contact,选择touch作为答案。

第23题答案:freshwater dolphin(s)

对应原文:第四段: Eye position in freshwater dolphins, which often swim on their side or upside down while feeding, suggests that what vision they have is stereoscopic forward and upward.

解析:根据upside down这一原词,以及eating和feeding的同义替换确定到第四段的这一句子,因为题目问的是哪种动物,因此确定答案为freshwater dolphins

第24题答案:airborn flying fish

对应原文:第四段:the bottlenose dolphin has extremely keen vision in water. Judging from the way it watches and tracks airborne flying fish, it can apparently see fairly well through the air-water interface as well.

解析:根据bottlenose dolphin确定到第四段的这句话,题目问的是它跟踪什么东西,其中follow与track同义替换,因此确定答案是airborn flying fish

第25题答案:clear water(s)/clear open water(s)

对应原文:第五段:For example, vision is obviously more useful to species inhabiting clear open waters than to those living in turbid rivers and flooded plains.

解析:根据habitat与inhabiting和living in的对应确定到第五段这一句话,题目中问的是哪种地方跟良好的视力相联系,其中good与useful对应,因此确定答案为clear open waters

第26题答案:acoustic sense

对应原文:第六段:Although the senses of taste and smell appear to have deteriorated, and vision in water appears to be uncertain, such weaknesses are more than compensated for by cetaceans’ well-developed acoustic sense.

解析:这道题目虽然没有明确的对应点,但按照出题顺序判断答案应该在第六自然段中。题目问的是哪种感官,而best developed可以和well-developed对应,因此确定答案为acoustic sense.

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思4 test 1 passage 2动物类

剑桥雅思4 Test 1阅读原文翻译 Passage 2 鲸鱼感官

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