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剑桥雅思4 Test 1阅读答案解析 Passage 1 剑桥雅思4 Test 1 Passage 1讲述了孩 […]

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剑桥雅思4 Test 1阅读答案解析 Passage 1

剑桥雅思4 Test 1 Passage 1讲述了孩子对于热带雨林的错误认知,以及媒体在此过程中发挥的作用。对应的14道题目由8道TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN,5道问答匹配,以及1道主旨概括构成。题目本身难度并不大,在原文中找起来也很方便,关键就看大家对判断题逻辑的把握。

文末附有这篇雅思阅读文章的完整翻译,以及需要大家掌握的词汇

这套题目另外两篇文章的答案解析请点击下方链接查看:剑桥雅思4 Test 1阅读答案解析 Passage 2 鲸鱼感官&剑桥雅思4 Test 1阅读答案解析 Passage 3 盲人与视觉符号

剑桥雅思4 Test 1阅读Passage 1解析

1. 答案:FALSE

对应原文:第1段:In the face of the frequent and often vivid media coverage…第三段: Despite the extensive coverage in the popular media of the destruction of rainforests…

解析:从第1段和第3段这两个句子可以看出,媒体对热带雨林的破坏进行了大量的报道,与题目中的ignore完全相反,因此判断答案为FALSE

2. 答案:FALSE

对应原文:第2段:These ideas may be developed by children absorbing ideas through the popular media

解析:这句话说明孩子也会从媒体报道中吸收相应的观点,与题目中only的限定相矛盾,因此判断答案为FALSE

3. 答案:TRUE

对应原文:第2段:Many studies have shown that children harbour misconceptions about ‘pure’, curriculum science.

解析:misconceptions与mistake views对应,harbour与hold对应,其他基本都是原词重现。题干中的所有信息点在原文中都能够找到对应,因此判断答案为TRUE

4. 答案:TRUE

对应原文:第2段:These misconceptions do not remain isolated but become incorporated into a multifaceted, but organised, conceptual framework, making it and the component ideas, some of which are erroneous, more robust but also accessible to modification.

解析:from part of a larger frame work与incorporated… framework对应,easier与accessible to对应,change与modification对应。题干中所有的信息点在原文中都能够找到对应,因此判断答案为TRUE

5. 答案:FALSE

对应原文:第4段:Secondary school children were asked to complete a questionnaire containing five open-form questions.

解析:yes/no questions指的是封闭性问题,与原文中open-form questions(开放性问题)完全相反,文章来自老烤鸭雅思因此判断答案为FALSE

6. 答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:第5段:More girls (70%) than boys (60%) raised the idea of rainforest as animal habitats.

解析:第5段一直都在说男生与女生的对比,这句话中提到女生比男生多,对应题目中的信息。但文中只是罗列下各方的观点,并没有说明女生的观点是错误的。因此判断答案为NOT GIVEN

7. 答案:TRUE

对应原文:These observations are generally consistent with our previous studies of pupils’ views about the use and conservation of rainforests

解析:a series of studies与previous studies对应,children与pupils对应,understanding与views对应,题目中所有的主要信息点在原文中都可以找到根据,因此判断答案为TRUE

8. 答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:无

解析:一般这种第二项/下一项的研究都会在文章结尾出现,但文章最后一段并没有提及任何相关信息,因此判断答案为NOT GIVEN

9. 答案:M

对应原文:第4段:The second question concerned the geographical location of rainforests. The commonest responses were continents or countries: Africa (given by 43%of children), South America (30%), Brazil (25%).

解析:根据most frequent与commonest,以及where和location的对应定位到句子,选项中只有M提到了Africa这一国家,因此确定它是答案。

10. 答案:E

对应原文:第9段:In answer to the final question about the importance of rainforest conservation, the majority of children simply said that we need rainforests to survive.

解析:根据importance定位到第9自然段,原文中的survive和E选项中without…would have nowhere to live对应,因此确定它为答案。

11. 答案:G

对应原文:第7段:more than half of the pupils (59%) identified that it is human activities which are destroying rainforests

解析:根据loss和destroying, most和more than half的对应定位到这一句,human activities与选项G中的people对应,因此确定它是答案。

12. 答案:P

对应原文:第5段:The dominant idea, raised by 64% of the pupils, was that rainforests provide animals with habitats.  第6段:Similarly, but at a lower level, more girls (13%) than boys (5%) said that rainforests provided human habitats

解析:根据important和importance,most和dominant的对应定位到这一块。从文中可以得知保护热带雨林是因为它是动物和人类的栖息地,其中动物对应的E已经选过,这里只能选P

13. 答案:J

对应原文:第9段:Only a few of the pupils (6%) mentioned that rainforest destruction may contribute to global warming. This is surprising considering the high level of media coverage on this issue

解析:根据uncommon与surpirsing, newspapers and television与media coverage的对应定位到这一句。原文中提到了global warming,只有J选项中the world gets warmer与之对应,因此确定答案为J

14. 答案:B

解析:全文都在说明孩子对热带雨林的认知,中间特意提到这项研究的目的就是为了学校的课程设计。虽然文章也提到了媒体相关的内容,但没有说明孩子是被媒体误导的,因此确定答案为B.

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