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剑桥雅思4 Test 3阅读Passage 3答案解析 获得语言数据 obtaining linguistic […]

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剑桥雅思4 Test 3阅读Passage 3答案解析 获得语言数据 obtaining linguistic data

剑桥雅思4第三套试题阅读第三篇文章的14道题目由5道段落信息匹配题,5道表格填空题,以及4到总结型填空题构成。由于段落信息匹配题的存在显得整体难度偏大,但后面的填空题还好,希望大家能够保持较高的正确率。下面是具体每一道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读文章对应的原文翻译,以及需要大家掌握的重点词汇:

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思4 test3 passage 3语言类

剑桥雅思4 Test 3阅读Passage 3原文翻译 获取语言数据

剑4 Test 3 Passage 3阅读答案解析

第27题答案:D

对应原文:D段:People talk abnormally when they know they are being recorded, and sound quality can be poor.

解析:D段中间说到人们知道自己在被录音的时候说话方式会比较奇怪,对应题干中录音对人们谈话方式的影响,因此确定答案。

第28题答案:E

对应原文:E段:Speech is often unclear and ambiguous. Where possible, therefore, the recording has to be supplemented by the observer’s written comments on the non-verbal behaviour of the participants, and about the context in general.

解析:题干中的body language与原文中non-verbal behaviour同义替换,而importance泽宇has to be supplemented对应,因此确定答案为E

第29题答案:C

对应原文:C段:Age, sex, social background and other aspects of identity are important, as these factors are known to influence the kind of language used.

解析:题干内容基本上就是原文句子抽出几个词重新组合,根据social一次比较崇义确定答案。

第30题答案:D

对应原文:D段:A variety of tape-recording procedures have thus been devised to minimise the ‘observer’s paradox’ … This article is from Laokaoya website. Some recordings are made without the speakers being aware of the fact

解析:D段提到了信息提供者自我意识的问题。而原文中的minimise,aware又与题干中的less,self-conscious对应,由此确定答案。

第31题答案:F

对应原文:F段:Linguists also make great use of structured sessions…in which case a restricted set of questions may be used…There are also several direct methods of elicitation

解析:整个F段都是在描述收集数据的各种方式,还是很容易确定答案的。

第32题答案:linguist act(s)

对应原文:B段:when studying their mother tongue, linguists act as their own informants…The convenience of this approach…

解析:根据convenient定位到B自然段,题干中问的是什么作为信息提供者,原文中直接提到了liguists act as their own informants,由此确定答案。

第33题答案:foreign languages

对应原文:B段:…using non-linguists as informants. The latter procedure is unavoidable when working on foreign languages, or child speech.

解析:根据non-linguists as informant定位到具体句子,空与child speech并列,由此确定答案为foreign languages

第34题答案:(poor) quality

对应原文:D段:People talk abnormally when they know they are being recorded, and sound quality can be poor.

解析:根据表格同一行第一列的recording和第二列的claims to be checked定位到D段,空与sound构成修饰关系,根据这一线索到原文中寻找,确定quality是答案

第35题答案:non-verbal behaviour/facial expression(s)

对应原文:E段:A facial expression, for example, can dramatically alter the meaning of what is said. Video recordings avoid these problems to a large extent

解析:根据录像定位到E段,题目中问的是录像可以观察到说话人的什么东西。原文中虽然没有直接提到这一点,但说录像可以避免facial expression导致的错误,因此确定答案。

第36题答案:camera/video camera/recording/video recording

对应原文:E段:Video recordings avoid these problems to a large extent, but even they have limitations (the camera cannot be everywhere)

解析:顺着上一道题目往下寻找,发现limitation与miss certain things对应。从题干中可以推断出空上应该填的是个名词,而只有camera或者video recording填上去可以保证语义通顺。

第37题答案:frequency of usage/usage frequency

对应原文:G段:A corpus enables the linguist to make unbiased statements about frequency of usage

解析:根据corpus定位到G段,comment objectively与unbaised statements同义替换,根据两者的对象确定答案为frequency of usage

第38题答案:particular linguistic feature

对应原文:G段:others are extremely selective, providing a collection of material that deals only with a particular linguistic feature.

解析:顺着上一道题目往下,利用others定位句子。题干上的focus on与deal with同义替换,确定答案为particular linguistic feature.

第39题答案:size

对应原文:G段:the size of the corpus depends on practical factors, such as the time available to collect, process and store the data

解析:根据time定位到句子,空与corpus构成所有格关系,由此确定答案为size。

第40题答案:institutions

对应原文:G段: …always need to be supplemented by data derived from the intuitions of native speakers of the language

解析:题干中的additional, information, gained分别与原文中的supplemented, data, derived同义替换,由此定位句子。空与后面的内容构成所有格,由此确定答案为institutions.

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