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剑桥雅思5 Test 3阅读Passage 1答案解析 Early Childhood Education 幼 […]

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剑桥雅思5 Test 3阅读Passage 1答案解析 Early Childhood Education 幼儿教育

剑桥雅思5阅读第三套题目第一篇文章的主题为幼儿教育,其13道题目由4到段落信息匹配题,6道分类匹配题,以及3道TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN构成。因为文章分段明确,篇幅不长,内容也不算生僻,整体定位比较容易,题目难度也不算太大。下面是具体每道题的解析:

点击查看这篇雅思阅读中需要大家掌握的重点词汇以及对应的原文翻译

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思5 test 3 passage 1 儿童早期教育

剑桥雅思5 Test 3阅读Passage 1原文翻译 Early Childhood Education 早期儿童教育

剑桥雅思5 Test 3 Passage 1阅读答案解析

第1题答案:D

对应原文:D部分第1段:The four-year pilot study included 380 families who were about to have their first child and who represented a cross-section of socio-economic status, age and family configurations. They included single-parent and two-parent families, families in which both parents worked, and families with either the mother or father at home.

解析:这句话中详细列举了各种家庭类型,包括不同的社会经济背景,年龄和家庭组成,也包括单亲家庭和双亲家庭,还有双职工家庭和单职工家庭等。对应题干中的details of the range of family types,由此确定答案为D

第2题答案:B

对应原文:B部分第1段:by the age of three, most children have the potential to understand about 1000 words – most of the language they will use in ordinary conversation for the rest of their lives.

B部分第2段:research has shown that while every child is born with a natural curiosity, it can be suppressed dramatically during the second and third years of life…during the first three years children learn the basic skills they will use in all their later learning both at home and at school.

解析:B部分先说孩子在前三年会掌握他们一生中所使用的大多数词汇,而后又表示天生的好奇心在第二年和第三年可能被,同时也是在前三年里,他们会掌握日后所需要的学习技能。这些都能够说明孩子早期教育的重要性,因此确定答案为B

第3题答案:C

对应原文:C部分第2段:Despite substantial funding, results have been disappointing. It is thought that there are two explanations for this.

解析:这道题比较简单。题干中的failed和reasons与原文中的disappointing和explanation对应。而且这句话后面就给出了具体的两个原因,由此确定答案为C

第4题答案:E

对应原文:E段第1段:By the age of three, the children in the programme were significantly more advanced in language development…auditory comprehension, verbal ability and language ability.

解析:文中指出到了三岁的时候,参与项目的孩子在许多方面都要强于一般的孩子,平均水平相当于普通孩子前15%-20%的水平。这些都是题干中positive outcomes的体现,由此确定答案为E。

第5题答案:B

对应原文:D部分第1段:The four-year pilot study included 380 families who were about to have their first child and who represented a cross-section of socio-economic status

解析:密苏里项目包含来自各种社会经济背景的380个家庭,与题干中的a variety of poor and wealthy families对应,因此确定答案为B

第6题答案:D

对应原文:无

解析:文章主要是在讲孩子前三年教育的重要性,偶尔提到3-5岁的教育,对小学教育则完全没有提及,因此确定答案为D

第7题答案:A

对应原文:C部分第2段:Despite substantial funding, results have been disappointing

解析:这句话提到Headstart的结果令人失望,与题干中的not succeed in its aim对应,由此确定答案为A

第8题答案:B

对应原文:D部分第2段:The programme involved trained parent-educators visiting the parents’ home and working with the parent, or parents, and the child

解析:文中提到密苏里项目中教育者会拜访父母,给他们提供各种各样的指导,而且还有父母中心提供所需资料。这与题干中的many forms of support and training对应,由此确定答案为B。

第9题答案:D

对应原文:C部分第2段:Despite substantial funding…

解析:从上面这句话中可以得知Headstart项目的资金十分充足,而在密苏里项目中完全没有提到钱的事情,因此确定答案为D

第10题答案:C

对应原文:C部分第1段:In an attempt to overcome that educational under-achievement, a nationwide programme called ‘Headstart’ was launched

D部分第1段:The ‘Missouri’ programme…is the most effective way of helping children get off to the best possible start in life

解析:Headstart项目的成立就是为了克服教育中的不平等,而密苏里项目则是为了帮助孩子开启最好的人生,可见它们都会提升未上学儿童的教育水平,因此确定答案为C

第11题答案:TRUE

对应原文:E部分第1段:the children in the programme were significantly more advanced in language development than their peers, had made greater strides in problem solving and other intellectual skills, and were further along in social development.

解析:题干中的score highly与原文中more advanced, greater strides, further对应,listening和speaking与language对应,interacting与social对应。即题干中的所有信息点在原文中都能找到对应,由此确定答案为TRUE

第12题答案:FALSE

对应原文:E部分第2段:Most important of all, the traditional measures of ‘risk’, such as parents’ age and education, or whether they were a single parent, bore little or no relationship to the measures of achievement and language development

解析:原文中说,在密苏里计划中,是否单亲,父母的年龄和教育程度都对孩子没有影响,这与题干中的scroe less highly直接冲突,由此确定答案为FALSE

第13题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:E部分第2段:The one factor that was found to affect the child s development was family stress leading to a poor quality of parent-child interaction.

解析:根据stress level定位到E部分的第2段,但这句话以及其上下文根本没有提到家庭富裕程度与压力水平的关系,即题干中有信息点无法在原文中找到根据或者反驳,因此确定答案为NOT GIVEN

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