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剑桥雅思5 Test 4阅读Passage 1答案解析 The Impact of Wilderness To […]

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剑桥雅思5 Test 4阅读Passage 1答案解析 The Impact of Wilderness Tourism 野外旅游的影响

剑桥雅思5第四套题目阅读第一篇文章的13道题目由3道段落标题匹配,6道YES/NO/NOT GIVEN,以及4道表格填空构成。虽然段落标题匹配看起来比较吓人,但这篇文章的三大部分主题相对比较明确,只要能通读一遍,还是很容易做的。下面是具体题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读对应的原文翻译以及其中出现的需要大家掌握的重点词汇

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思5 test 4 passage 1 荒野旅游的影响

剑桥雅思5 Test 4阅读Passage 1原文翻译 The Impact of wilderness tourism 荒野旅游的影响

剑桥雅思5 Test 4 Passage 1阅读答案解析

第1题答案:iii

对应原文:A部分第1段:As the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development recognized, these regions are fragile

A部分第2段:Tourists are drawn to these regions by their natural landscape beauty and the unique cultures of their indigenous people.

解析:A部分的两段话中分别提到联合国环境与发展会议认识到这些区域很脆弱,以及游客被这些地区的自然风景和独特文化所吸引,与iii选项的fragile和reasons对应,由此确定答案。

第2题答案:v

对应原文:B部分第1段:Once a location is established as a main tourist destination, the effects on the local community are profound.

解析:B部分的主题句表明这段话主要论述旅游业对当地社区的影响,而且根据后面的具体内容,这些影响以负面为主。由此对应v选项的disruptive effects。

第3题答案:ii

对应原文:C部分第5段:communities in fragile environments must achieve greater control over tourism ventures in their regions, in order to balance their needs and aspirations with the demands of tourism

解析:C部分列举了好几个旅游景点如何在发展旅游业的同时又提升自己的经济。最后一段更是直接点明需要朋友旅游业需求与自身需求,与ii选项完全一致,由此确定答案。

第4题答案:YES

对应原文:A部分第1段:The attraction of these areas is obvious: by definition, wilderness tourism requires little or no initial investment.

解析:题干中的low financial cost, attractive与little or no initial investment和attraction对应,wilderness toursim是主题词,many countries在前文提到。即题干中所有的信息点在原文中都可以找到依据,因此确定答案为YES

第5题答案:YES

对应原文:A部分第1段:these regions are fragile (i.e. highly vulnerable to abnormal pressures)not just in terms of their ecology, but also in terms of the culture of their inhabitants … The three most significant types of fragile environment … are deserts, mountains and Arctic areas

解析:原文中先提到部分区域文章来自老烤鸭雅思在文化和环境上都很脆弱,然后举了三个最重要的类型:沙漠,山区和北极地区。题干中的叙述与原文完全符合,因此判断为YES

第6题答案:NO

对应原文:A部分第1段:An important characteristic is their marked seasonality … Consequently, most human activities, including tourism, this article is from Laokaoya website, are limited to quite clearly defined parts of the year.

解析:原文中的表述为荒野旅游有很强的季节性,因此大多数人类活动都被局限于一年中的特定时间。这与题干中throughout the year完全相反,因此判断答案为NO

第7题答案:YES

对应原文:B部分第1段:this has led to a serious decline in farm output

解析:原文中提到,山区里的农民因为从事旅游业赚的更多,会因此而放弃耕种,导致粮食产量下降。这与题干的表述完全一致,不过是具体词汇上进行了同义替换而已。因此判断答案为YES

第8题答案:NO 

对应原文:B部分第2段:In Arctic and desert societies, year-round survival has traditionally depended on hunting animals and fish and collecting fruit over a relatively short season.

解析:文中提到,北极和沙漠地区的食物收集主要集中在相对较短的时间里。relatively short season与题干中的distributed evenly over the year相冲突,因此判断答案为NO

第9题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:B部分第2段: All kinds of wage labour, or government handouts, tend to undermine traditional survival systems.

解析:文中确实提到了政府补助会对传统生活方式有所损害,但文章来自老烤鸭雅思并没有将其与旅游业进行比较,更没有说它造成的破坏更大,因此判断答案为NOT GIVEN

第10题答案:cheese

对应原文:C部分第2段:Swiss Pays d’Enhaut …There has also been a renaissance in communal cheese production in the area

解析:根据地点定位到这句话,题干中的revived与原文中renaissance同义替换。而空又跟production存在修饰关系,由此确定答案为cheese

第11题答案:tourism/tourist/tour

对应原文:C部分第3段:But some Arctic communities are now operating tour businesses themselves

解析:根据arctic communities定位到这句话。题干中的operate和business都可以找到原词,由此确定tour是答案。

第12题答案:pottery

对应原文:C部分第4段:The Acoma and San Ildefonso pueblos have established highly profitable pottery businesses

解析:根据Acoma and San Ildefonso定位到这句话,从题干中可以推测空上填的应该是某种商品,由此确定答案为pottery

第13题答案:jewellery/jewelry

对应原文:C部分第4段:the Navajo and Hopi groups have been similarly successful with jewelry.

解析:根据Navajo and Hopi定位到这句话,因为空上要填一个属性为商品的名词,因此确定答案为jewelry。

剑桥雅思5 Test 4阅读Passage 2答案解析 Flawed Beauty: the problem with toughened glass

剑桥雅思5 Test 4阅读passage 3答案解析 The effects of light on plant and animal species 光对动植物的影响

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剑桥雅思5 Test 4阅读Passage 1答案解析 The Impact of Wilderness Tourism:等您坐沙发呢!

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