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剑桥雅思5 Test 1阅读Passage 1答案解析 约翰逊字典 Johnson’s Dicti […]

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剑桥雅思5 Test 1阅读Passage 1答案解析 约翰逊字典 Johnson’s Dictionary

剑桥雅思5第一套题目阅读第一篇文章的13道题目由1道7选3的多选,4道总结填空,以及6道TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN构成。除了文章稍微有点长做题时间有些紧张之外,整体难度不大。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读对应的原文翻译,以及其中出现的需要大家掌握的重点词汇

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思5 test 1 passage 1 约翰逊词典

剑桥雅思5 Test 1阅读Passage 1原文翻译 约翰逊的字典

剑5 Test 1 Passage 1阅读答案解析

第1题答案:D

对应原文:第六段: illustrated their many meanings with some 114,000 quotations drawn from English writing on every subject, from the Elizabethans to his own time

解析:原文中的from Elizabethans(十六世纪末十七世纪初) to his own time替换成成contemporary。因此确定D为答案。原文中只是说之前的字典更加关注学者词汇,没有约翰逊的避免了所有的学者词汇,因此选项A错误。选项B错在only,而选项C则错在the large number of people

第2题答案:E

对应原文:第六段:Working to a deadline…

解析:原文中的deadline与选项中的time limit替换,因此确定E为答案。

第3题答案:G

对应原文:第六段:Unlike his predecessors, Johnson treated English very practically, as a living language, with many different shades of meaning.

解析:这道题目的关键在于subtleties of meaning的理解,即单词含义的微妙之处,而原文中说的是different shades of meaning也有单词不同含义的意思,两者互相对应,因此确定答案为G

第4题答案:(copying) clerks

对应原文:第五段:a long desk running down the middle at which the copying clerks would work standing up

解析:根据1764定位到第四自然段的末尾,由此往下寻找文章来自老烤鸭雅思。空后who stood at a long central desk对空起修饰作用,可以用它来确定答案。发现它与原文中standing up对应,由此确定答案为copying clerks.

第5题答案:library

对应原文:第六段:filling about eighty large notebooks (and without a library to hand), Johnson wrote the definitions of over 40,000 words

解析:根据40,000 words和80 large notebooks定位到了第六自然段的开头。题干中空前有not的否定,这点与without对应,由此确定答案为library

第6题答案:stability

对应原文:第八段:It is the cornerstone of Standard English, an achievement which, in James Boswell’s words, ‘conferred stability on the language of his country’.

解析:根据James Boswell这一人名定位到第八段,confer与空前的bring同义替换,由此确定答案为stability

第7题答案:pension

对应原文:第九段:The Dictionary, together with his other writing, made Johnson famous and so well esteemed that his friends were able to prevail upon King George Ⅲ to offer him a pension.

解析:根据king定位到第九段,grant与offer对应,由此确定答案为pension。

第8题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第三段:Beyond the practical need to make order out of chaos, the rise of dictionaries is associated with the rise of the English middle class

解析:题目中的growing importance, increased demand与原文中的两个rise对应, 而middle class和dictionaries则是原词。也就是说题干中的所有信息在原文中都可以找到对应,由此确定答案。

第9题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第三段:Dr Samuel Johnson, the very model of an eighteenth-century literary man, as famous in his own time as in ours

解析:原文中描述中约翰逊在他的时代和我们的时代一样有名,而题干中则说他死后更加有名。两者的描述互相冲突,因此判断为FALSE

第10题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:无

解析:原文中没有提到任何约翰逊之前的计划,直接就跳到了他开始编纂字典,因此确定答案为NOT GIVEN

第11题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第四段:Johnson decided he did not need an academy to settle arguments about language

解析:原文中很明确的说了他不需要学院的帮助来解决争议,这跟题干完全相反,因此确定答案为FALSE

第12题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第四段:He was to be paid £1,575 in installments

解析:原文中installments是分期付款的意思,也就是说在字典编纂过程中他一直都有钱拿。而不是到了完成的时候才有钱。

第13题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第五段:He was also helped by six assistants, two of whom died whilst the Dictionary was still in preparation.

解析:原文中提到有两名助手在字典准备过程中就去世了。而题干上所说的没事所有助手都活着看到了字典的出版与之相符,因此判断答案为TRUE

剑桥雅思5 Test 1阅读Passage 2答案解析 Nature or Nurture 心理学实验

剑桥雅思5 Test 1阅读Passage 3答案解析 环境问题的真相 The Truth about the Environment

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