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剑桥雅思5 Test 3阅读Passage 3答案解析 The return of Artificial In […]

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剑桥雅思5 Test 3阅读Passage 3答案解析 The return of Artificial Intelligence 人工智能归来

剑桥雅思5阅读第三套题目第三篇文章的14道题由5道段落信息匹配题,6道TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN,和3道单项选择题构成。因为文章篇幅较长,而且有段落信息匹配这种需要通读全文的题型,所以不少同学可能会觉得时间比较紧张。这都是正常现象,不用特别担心。如果想要提升阅读速度的话,可以参考以下文章:雅思阅读做不完怎么办 四大原因与解决方案

点击查看这篇雅思阅读对应的原文翻译与其中出现的需要大家掌握的重点词汇

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思5 test 3 passage 3 人工智能的回归

剑桥雅思5 Test 3阅读Passage 3原文翻译 The return of Artificial Intelligence 人工智能的回归

剑桥雅思5 Test 3 Passage 3阅读答案解析

第27题答案:E

对应原文:E段:HNC claim that their system … could be used to spot camouflaged vehicles on a battlefield

解析:E段中提到HNC公司宣称他们的系统可以用于在战场上发现伪装车辆,这与题干中的military对应,因此确定答案为E

第28题答案:B

对应原文:B段:a research programme that encompassed such previously disparate fields as operations research, cybernetics, logic and computer science.

解析:B段中提到研究项目包括之前分散的各个领域,如运筹学、控制论、逻辑学、计算机科学等,与题干中的a range of separate research areas对应,因此确定答案为B

第29题答案:A

对应原文:A段:It re-entered public consciousness with the release of AI, a movie about a robot boy. This has ignited public debate about AI

解析:A段中提到AI一词随着关于机器人小孩的电影再次进入到公众意识里,引发公众对AI的讨论。对应题干中AI再次成为讨论问题的原因,因此确定答案为A

第30题答案:F

对应原文:F段: In particular, the problem of information overload, exacerbated by the growth of e-mail and the explosion in the number of web pages, means there are plenty of opportunities for new technologies to help filter and categorise information – classic AI problems.

解析:F段中提到了因为邮件增长和网页数量爆炸所导致的信息过载问题,并认为AI技术可以帮助对这些信息进行过滤和分类。这两点分别对应题干中的the amount of information,以及AI could help deal with,因此确定答案为F

第31题答案:B

对应原文:B段:the term ‘artificial intelligence’ coined, at a conference in 1956 by a group of researchers

解析:B段中提到“人工智能”这一词汇是在1956年的某个会议上提出的,对应了题干中的where和first used这两个信息点,因此确定答案为B

第32题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:B段:The field was launched, and the term ‘artificial intelligence’ coined, at a conference in 1956 by a group of researchers that included Marvin Minsky, John McCarthy, Herbert Simon and Alan Newell, all of whom went on to become leading figures in the field

解析:根据发起AI研究领域的研究者定位到B段这一句。但原文中只说到他们后来成为该领域的领袖人物,至于之前是否合作过则完全没有提及,因此确定答案为NOT GIVEN

第33题答案:FALSE

对应原文:C段:Most researchers agree that AI peaked around 1985.

解析:原文中表示大多数研究者都认为AI在1985年左右达到顶峰,这与题干中的lowest point直接冲突,因此判断答案为FALSE

第34题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:C段:… opted instead to align themselves with specific sub-disciplines such as neural networks, agent technology, case-based reasoning, and so on.

解析:根据题干中的agent techonology和neural networks定位到C段的这句话,但原文中只是用它们来举例,具体花费如何,谁高谁低则完全没有提及,由此确定答案为NOT GIVEN

第35题答案:TRUE

对应原文:D段:Meanwhile, the technologies that made it onto the market, such as speech recognition, language translation and decision-support software, were no longer regarded as AI. Yet all three once fell well within the umbrella of AI research.

解析:D段中提到AI技术的一些应用,如语音识别,语言翻译和决策支持系统已经登录市场,即可以使用的意思。与题干中AI应用已经取得一定程度的成功对应,因此确定答案为TRUE

第36题答案:FALSE

对应原文:C段:in 1967…prototypes of medical-diagnosis programs and speech recognition software appeared to be making progress

E段:… could be used to spot camouflaged vehicles on a battlefield or extract a voice signal from a noisy background

F段:In particular, the problem of information overload…there are plenty of opportunities for new technologies to help filter and categorise information – classic AI problems.

解析:根据1967定位到C段,当时AI主要处理的问题是医疗诊断系统和语音识别软件。后来E段中提到AI可以用来识别战场伪装车辆,从嘈杂背景中提取语音,F段中又提到AI可以用来处理信息过量问题。可见从1967年往后,AI解决的问题还是有所改变的,因此确定答案为FALSE

第37题答案:TRUE

对应原文:G段:HAL thus encapsulated the optimism of the 1960s that intelligent computers would be widespread by 2001.

解析:G段中提到《2001:太空漫游指南》中的HAL代表了人们对2001年智能计算机的乐观主义,这与题干中该电影反映了当时人们对于人工智能电脑潜力的认识相对应,因此确定答案为TRUE

第38题答案:B

对应原文:C段:Then when people realised these were hard problems, there was retrenchment. By the late 1980s, the term AI was being avoided by many researchers

解析:根据题干中的late 1980s定位到C段的这一句话,发现A选项和D选项完全没有提到。AI的各种应用并没有得出结果,这只是人们的期待,所以排除C。原文中提到人们意识到这些问题比较困难,并且开始避免使用AI这一词汇,正好对应B选项中人们之前对AI的期待不太合理。由此确定答案。

第39题答案:A

对应原文:C段:Then when people realised these were hard problems, there was retrenchment. By the late 1980s, the term AI was being avoided by many researchers

解析:根据AI声誉变化这一内容定位到C段。人们对AI的认知从过去的积极乐观,变成后来的悲观失望,导致研究人员避免使用这一词汇。由此确定A选项(变化的认识)为答案。选项B、C、D都没有提到。

第40题答案:D

对应原文:F段:Another factor that may boost the prospects for AI in the near future is that investors are now looking for firms using clever technology

解析:文中提到了两个对AI前景有影响的因素。一是HNC公司主动只用AI一词来彰显他们的技术;二是投资者更希望看到聪明的技术,而不是新的商业模式。选项中只有D能对应第二点,由此确定答案。

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