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剑桥雅思11阅读Test1Passage1答案解析 Crop-growing skyscrapers 垂直农业 […]

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剑桥雅思11阅读Test1Passage1答案解析 Crop-growing skyscrapers 垂直农业

剑桥雅思11阅读第一套题目第一篇文章的13道题由7道单句填空和6道TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN组成。由于两者均是顺序出题,因此难度不算太大。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读中需要大家掌握的重点词汇与对应的原文翻译

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思11 test 1 passage 1 垂直农业

剑桥雅思11阅读Test1Passage1原文翻译 crop-growing skyscrappers

剑桥雅思11 Test1 Passage1阅读答案解析

第1题答案:tomatos

对应原文:第2段:The concept of indoor farming is not new, since hothouse production of tomatoes and other produce has been in vogue for some time.

答案解析:因为是第一道题,因此我们从文章开头开始寻找。根据indoor定位到这句话。从题干中可以推测,空上应该填一种作物,由此确定答案为tomatoes。

第2题答案:urban centres/centers

对应原文:第2段:Situated in the heart of urban centres, they would drastically reduce the amount of transportation required to bring food to consumers.

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,根据consumers定位到这句话。从题干可以推测文章来自老烤鸭雅思空上应该填一个地点,再加上located与situated的同义替换,由此确定答案为urban centres。之所以不填heart是因为heart本身表意不够明确,而如果带上后面内容的话又会超字数。

第3题答案:energy

对应原文:第4段:Although the system would consume energy, it would return energy to the grid via methane generation from composting non- edible parts of plants.

答案解析:根据methane定位到这句话。题干中问的是垂直农场可以利用沼气来生产什么,句子中只有energy填上去语义合适。

第4题答案:fossil fuel

对应原文:第4段:It would also dramatically reduce fossil fuel use, by cutting out the need for tractors, ploughs and shipping.

答案解析:这道题的定位要稍微难一些,需要识别出agricultural vehicles和tractors, ploughs的替换。consumption与use对应,根据修饰关系确定答案为fossil fuel。

第5题答案:artificial

对应原文:第5段:A major drawback of vertical farming, however, is that the plants would require artificial light.

答案解析:根据drawback与disadvantage的对应定位这句话。light原词出现,很容易根据修饰关系确定答案为artificial。

第6题答案:(stacked) trays

对应原文:第6段:One variation on vertical farming that has been developed is to grow plants in stacked trays that move on rails.

答案解析:根据variation与form的同义替换定位到这句话。从题干中可以推测出空上填的应该是把植物种在哪里,由此锁定stacked trays。

第7题答案:(urban) rooftops

对应原文:第7段:most experts currently believe it is far more likely that we will simply use the space available on urban rooftops.

答案解析:根据probable与likely的同义替换定位到这句话。从题干中可以推测空上填的应该是一个地点或者位置,再加上介词on原词出现,由此确定urban rooftops为答案。

第8题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:第1段:Applying the most conservative estimates to current demographic trends

答案解析:原文中只有这一句提到了人口的估算方法,但其中并没有任何changed的对应点,也找不到与其相反的内容,因此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第9题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第1段:Historically, some 15% of that has been laid waste by poor management practices.

第3段:Along the way, we most of the land we worked

答案解析:第一段中提到,管理不善导致大约15%的土地荒废。第3段中由再次强调,在这一过程中,我们破坏了大部分耕作的土地。可见人类要为耕地的破坏负责,由此判断答案为TRUE。

第10题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第2段:vertical farms offer … through year-round production of all crops

答案解析:原文中明确提到,垂直农业可以一年到头生产粮食。题干中depend on the season的描述与此不符,由此判断答案为FALSE。

第11题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第3段:due to a rapidly changing climate, that is not what happens. Massive floods, long droughts, hurricanes and severe monsoons take their toll each year, destroying millions of tons of valuable crops.

答案解析:第三段最后提到,由于迅速的气候变化,情况并不如人所愿。洪灾、长期干旱、飓风和强烈的季风每年都会摧毁数百万吨宝贵的粮食。题干的描述相当于是原文的精简,由此判断答案为TRUE。

第12题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第4段:eliminating the need for herbicides, pesticides and fertilisers.

答案解析:第4段中间提到,垂直农业会消除对除草剂、杀虫剂和肥料的需要。而题干则说仍然需要肥料。两者互相冲突,由此判断答案为FALSE。

第13题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第4段:The system would greatly reduce the incidence of many infectious diseases that are acquired at the agricultural interface.

答案解析:题干中vertical farming与the system对应,plants与agricultural对应,less likely与reduce the incidence对应,infectious diseases原词出现。即题干中的每个信息点在原文中都可以找到依据,由此判断答案为TRUE。

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剑桥雅思11阅读Test1Passage1答案解析 Crop-growing skyscrapers:等您坐沙发呢!

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