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The quality of life in big cities is decreasing 雅思写作城市类 […]

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The quality of life in big cities is decreasing 雅思写作城市类话题高分范文

这篇雅思写作大作文要求我们探讨大城市生活质量下降的原因并提供解决方案,属于典型的城市类题目。原因方面,我们可以聊聊公共资源紧缺(道路、医疗、交通设施等),人口过多,犯罪率较高等。解决方案方面,我们可以加大对基础设施的投资,并引导人口向乡村移动(雅思写作大作文思路 城市化的原因与缺点)。

雅思写作城市类题目

The quality of life in big cities is decreasing. What are the causes and what actions should be taken to solve this problem?

大城市的生活质量一直在下降。其原因是什么?可以采取哪些措施来解决这一问题?

雅思写作城市类范文

开头段

The global phenomenon of urbanisation from the beginning of industrialisation to the present day has brought opportunity and prosperity, albeit at a cost in the quality of life. With an increasing city population, the complexity of the challenges also increases. The causes and solutions for this are outlined below.

从工业化开始一直持续到今天的全球城市化现象虽然以生活质量为代价,但带来了机遇与繁荣。随着城市人口的增加,挑战的复杂性也有所上升。其原因和解决方案列举如下。

原因分析

The causes for the decrease in the quality of life are paradoxically the prosperity endowed on such metropolitan centres. Their growth is largely due to the increase of opportunities on offer, which in turn increases their attractiveness; essentially they are trapped in a positive self-reinforcing cycle. However, this eventually leads to a decrease in the quality of life as the city can experience overcrowding, exorbitant property prices, and increased vulnerability to terrorist attacks. For example, the density of London makes it a more efficient place to attack, when compared to a smaller city, such as Bradford. Therefore, due to continuous growth and prosperity, urban citizens, especially the less well off, often suffer from a lower standard of living.

自相矛盾的是,生活质量下降的原因正在于这些都市中心的繁荣。它们的发展很大程度上是由于其所提供的更多的机遇,正进而增加了它们的吸引力。本质上来讲,它们位于积极的自我强化循环中。然而,这最终导致生活质量的下降,因为城市过度拥挤,房价高企,而且容易遭受恐怖分子的袭击。例如,相比于Bradford这样的小城市来说,伦敦的人口密度使得它攻击起来更加有效。因此,由于持续增长和繁荣,城市居民,尤其是那些不那么富裕的人,经常忍受较低的生活质量。

解决方案

Considering the solutions, greater investment in public transport would ease traffic congestion, as would bike lanes. In theory, this would reduce air pollution and possibly improve the wellbeing of the population if they did adopt a more active lifestyle and cycle to work. To counter violent terrorist attacks, cities could embark on CCTV installations, so as to closely monitor for threats. For example, it is said, the CCTV in London has foiled many potential attacks, and therefore greatly increased the security of its citizens.

解决方案方面,对公共交通和自行车道加大投资可以缓解交通拥堵。理论上来讲,这会降低空气污染,并可能提升人口的健康水平,如果他们采用更为积极的生活方式,骑自行车去上班。为了对抗恐怖袭击,城市可以安装监控,以紧密监视可能的威胁。例如,伦敦的监控据说挫败了许多潜在的袭击,并因此大大提升了其居民的安全。

结论

To conclude, a wealthy city attracts large population inflows, which then cause pressure on existing infrastructure and security. Various solutions exist to mitigate such drawbacks, but nevertheless a definite solution has yet to be found.

总的来说,富裕的城市会吸引大量的人口流入,而这随后会增加对现存基础设施和安全的压力。存在各种解决方案可以减轻这些缺陷,但是尚未找到十分有把握的方案。

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