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剑桥雅思7Test2阅读Passage1答案解析 Why pagodas don’t fall down 日本 […]

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剑桥雅思7Test2阅读Passage1答案解析 Why pagodas don’t fall down 日本高塔为何屹立不倒

剑桥雅思7阅读第二套题目第一篇文章的13道题由4道YES/NO/NOT GIVEN判断,6道特点匹配,以及3道单项选择构成。每道题目在原文中的对应位置都不算难找,因此难度不大。希望大家能够保持较高的正确率。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读中需要大家掌握的重点词汇以及对应的原文翻译

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思7 test 2 passage 1 日本高塔

剑桥雅思7Test2阅读Passage1原文翻译 Why pagodas don’t fall down 日本高塔为何不倒

剑桥雅思7 Test 2 Passage 1阅读答案解析

第1题答案:YES

对应原文:第1段:Records show that only two have collapsed during the past 1400 years.

答案解析:根据题干中的1400定位到第1段的第2句话,题干与原文相比,几乎没有进行任何改变。可以很容易的判断为YES。

第2题答案:NO

对应原文: 第1段:The disastrous Hanshin earthquake … Yet it left the magnificent five-storey pagoda at the Toji temple in nearby Kyoto unscathed

答案解析:原文提到,1995年的阪神地震破坏了许多建筑,但京都附近Toji寺庙中的五层宝塔却毫发无损。而题干中说Toji寺庙中的五层宝塔同样被摧毁,与原文陈述相反,因此判断为NO。

第3题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:第2段:It was only thirty years ago that the building industry felt confident enough to erect office blocks of steel and reinforced concrete that had more than a dozen floors.

答案解析:根据30年定位到第2段的这句话,原文中说的是仅仅在30年前,建筑行业才有信心建造12层楼以上的高层建筑。至于Toji塔旁边的建筑是不是在最近30年建造的则完全没有任何线索。因此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第4题答案:YES

对应原文:第3段:Clearly, Japanese carpenters of the day knew a few tricks about allowing a building to sway and settle itself rather than fight nature’s forces.

答案解析:原文中提到,显然,那是的日本工匠知道一些技巧,可以让建文章来自老烤鸭雅思筑物摇摆并安稳下来,而非对行自然力量。题干中的builders对应carpenters,后面的内容只是根据原文换了个说法,因此判断答案为YES。

第5题答案:B

对应原文:第4段:The Chinese built their pagodas in brick or stone, with inner staircases … When the pagoda reached Japan … the staircase was dispensed with

答案解析:原文中提到,中国宝塔带有内部楼梯,而当这一建筑传到日本时,楼梯被取消了。可见通往塔顶的内部通道(楼梯)是只有中国宝塔才有的,因此判断答案为B。

第6题答案:A

对应原文: 第5段:the builders of Japanese pagodas seem to have further increased their weight by choosing to cover these extended eaves not with the porcelain tiles of many Chinese pagodas but with much heavier earthenware tiles.

答案解析:这句话描述了日本宝塔和中国宝塔在覆盖屋檐时所选用材料的不同,日本的瓷砖要更重一些。可见屋檐上的瓷砖是两者都有的,因此判断答案为A。

第7题答案:B

对应原文:第4段: The Chinese built their pagodas … and used them in later centuries mainly as watchtowers … because the Japanese pagoda did not have any practical use but became more of an art object.

答案解析:原文中提到中国的宝塔在随后几个世纪里主要被当作瞭望塔使用,而日本的宝塔则更多的变成了艺术品,没有任何实际用途。可见观察点这一功能是中国高塔所独有的。因此判断答案为B。

第8题答案:C

对应原文:第4段:Because of the typhoons that batter Japan in the summer, Japanese builders learned to extend the eaves of buildings further beyond the walls.

答案解析:第4段中提到,将屋檐延伸出去是宝塔传到日本之后所进行的改变,可见这一点在中国高塔上是没有的。由此确定答案为C。

第9题答案:A

对应原文:As in China, they were first introduced with Buddhism and were attached to important temples.

答案解析:原文中提到,正如中国一样,它们(宝塔)最初由佛教引入,并作为重要寺庙的附属物。可见无论是在中国还是日本,宝塔一开始都与宗教相关。因此判断答案为A。

第10题答案:C

对应原文:第8段:More surprising is the fact that the individual storeys of a Japanese pagoda, unlike their counterparts elsewhere, are not actually connected to each other. They are simply stacked one on top of another like a pile of hats.

答案解析:原文中提到,不像其他地方的宝塔那样,日本宝塔的每个楼层并没有与彼此紧密相连,而仅仅是像帽子一样摞在一起。可见这种结构是日本独有的,因此判断答案为C。

第11题答案:D

对应原文:第7段:The shinbashira, running up through a hole in the centre of the building, constrained individual storeys from moving too far

答案解析:选项A,B,C在原文中都可以找到明确否定的语句(主要集中在第6段)。而第7段则提到,贯穿建筑物中央孔洞的支柱限制各楼层移动地太远。选项D的stop与constrain对应,too far原词出现,由此确定答案为D。

第12题答案:C

对应原文:第7段:Mr Ishida, known to his students as ‘Professor Pagoda’ because of his passion to understand the pagoda, has built a series of models and tested them on a ‘shake- table’ in his laboratory.

答案解析:原文中明确提到Shuzo Ishida进行实验的目的是因为想要理解宝塔的工作原理,只要能根据人名定位到这一句,很容易确定C为答案。

第13题答案:C

对应原文:第8段:More surprising is the fact that the individual storeys of a Japanese pagoda, unlike their counterparts elsewhere, are not actually connected to each other. They are simply stacked one on top of another like a pile of hats.

答案解析:这道题跟前面的第10题出现了考察内容上的重复,两者互为表里。很容易确定答案为C。

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