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剑桥雅思10Test3Section4听力答案解析 self-regulatory focus theory […]

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剑桥雅思10Test3Section4听力答案解析 self-regulatory focus theory and leadership

剑桥雅思10听力第三套题目第四部分由10道提纲型填空题组成。因为语速很慢,各种提示词都比较明显,整体难度偏低。只有最后几道题稍微设置了些障碍。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思听力对应的录音原文与其中出现的需要大家掌握的重点词汇

剑桥雅思10Test3Section4听力原文

雅思备考听力篇 剑10 test 3 section 4 雅思听力高频词汇

剑桥雅思10 Test3 Section4听力答案解析

第31题答案:achievement/achievements

对应原文: Promotion goals in different life situations emphasise achievementPrevention goals are oriented towards the avoidance of punishment. 

答案解析:听到promotion goals意识到答案即将到来,空前词focus on与emphasise同义替换,由此确定答案为achievement。

第32题答案:personality/character

对应原文:The theory suggests that two factors affect which goals we are focusing on. First, there is a chronic factor. This factor is connected to a person’s personality

答案解析:听到chronic factor意识到答案即将到来。one’s与person’s同义替换,由此确定答案为personality。

第33题答案:situational

对应原文: Second, there is a situational factor which means that the context we are in can make us more likely to focus on one set of goals or the other.

答案解析:听到second意识到上一行已经结束,即将来到33题。题干中factor原词出现,根据修饰关系,确定答案为situational。

第34题答案:friend

对应原文:For example, we are more likely to be thinking about pleasure and to have promotion goals when we are spending time with a friend

答案解析:听到promotion goals意识到答案即将出现,空前介词with原词出现,由此确定答案。

第35题答案:aspirations/ambitions

对应原文:For example, when focusing on promotion goals, people consider their ideal self, their aspirations and gains

答案解析:这道题的定位并不难,ideal和gains都是原词出现,而且录音中并列的节奏很明显,难度主要在于aspiration(渴望,志向)的拼写上。

第36题答案:style

对应原文:Now that I have talked about the two focuses and how they affect people, I want to look at the idea that the way leaders behave, or their style of leading

答案解析:这道题的难点在于答案出现的有些突然,几乎是紧跟着小标题leader,很容易让人反应不过来。这里老烤鸭小编要提醒大家的是,小标题下第一行出题的,经常出现这种紧跟答案的现象,需要调整一下预期。

第37题答案:development

对应原文:Transformational leaders, when interacting with their followers, focus on their development

答案解析:听到transformational leaders意识到答案即将到来,focus on与pay special attention to同义替换,由此确定答案为development。

第38题答案:vision

对应原文:In their words and actions transformational leaders highlight change. Their speech is passionate and conveys a definitive vision 

答案解析:这道题虽然没有明显的提示词,但communicate与convey同义替换,clear对应definitive,只要能识别出这两组中的任何一个,答案就不算难。

第39题答案:structures

对应原文:In contrast, transactional leaders focus on developing clear structures that tell their followers exactly what is expected of them

答案解析:听到transcational leaders意识到答案即将到来。create与develop同义替换,由此锁定structures。这里需要注意的是,develop除了发展之外,还有从无到有开发的意思,在雅思听力中经常跟create对应。

第40题答案:innovation/innovations

对应原文:For a designer who works in a field where a lot of innovation is needed, a promotion focus is probably better.

答案解析:这道题一方面没有明显的提示词,另一方面采用语序颠倒的手法,将空前词requiring对应的need放到了答案之后,比较考验大家的短期记忆能力。

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