当前位置: 首页 > 雅思阅读真题解析 > 正文

剑桥雅思15Test1Passage2阅读答案解析 Driverless cars 无人驾驶 剑桥雅思15阅读 […]

老烤鸭雅思口语限量答案请联系小助手微信号:laokaoyaielts

剑桥雅思15Test1Passage2阅读答案解析 Driverless cars 无人驾驶

剑桥雅思15阅读第一套题目第二篇文章的13道题由5道段落信息匹配,4道总结型填空和2道5选2的多选组成。虽然其中的段落信息匹配需要通读原文,但文章主题比较明确,考的也是我们相对熟悉的话题,因此难度不算太大。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读对应的原文翻译

剑桥雅思15Test1Passage2阅读原文翻译 driverless cars 无人驾驶

剑桥雅思15 Test1 Passage2阅读答案解析

老烤鸭雅思原创解析,请勿抄袭转载

第14题答案:C

对应原文:C部分第1段:At present, the average car spends more than 90 percent of its life parked.

答案解析:原文指出,“目前,平均每辆车有90%以上的时间都停泊不动”。其中parked与not in use对应,more than 90 percent of its life对应the maount of time,由此确定答案为C。

第15题答案:B

对应原文:B部分:One frequently cited motive is safety … Another aim is to free the time people spend driving for other purposes …  those who are challenged by existing mobility models may be able to enjoy significantly greater travel autonomy.

答案解析:B部分一开始就提到,无人驾驶技术文章来自老烤鸭雅思进步如此之快有许多原因。随后有详细列举了三个好处:安全,解放时间,以及赋予残疾人和老年人更大的出行自主性。由此确定答案为B。

第16题答案:E

对应原文:E部分第1段:drivers will have the freedom to select one that best suits their needs for a particular journey

答案解析:E部分提到,“司机有自由选择最适合他们某一出行需求的车辆”。其中freedom对应opportunity,select对应choosing,most appropriate对应best suits,particular journey对应each trip,由此确定E为正确答案。

第17题答案:G

对应原文:G部分:It’s clear that there are many challenges that need to be addressed but … these can most probably be conquered within the next 10 years.

答案解析:G部分开头提到,“虽然有许多挑战等待解决,但这些问题很有可能在未来10年内得到解决”。其中next 10 years对应how long,conquered对应overcome,由此锁定答案。

第18题答案:D

对应原文:D部分第2段:This faster rate of turnover may mean that vehicle production will not necessarily decrease.

答案解析:D部分第2段最后一句提到,“更快的置换率可能意味着汽车生产量不必下降”。即使用无人驾驶汽车对汽车的生产量没有什么影响。由此锁定答案。

第19题答案:human error

对应原文: B部分第1段:research at the UK’s Transport Research Laboratory has demonstrated that more than 90 percent of road collisions involve human error as a contributory factor

答案解析:根据Transport Research Laboratory定位到B部分的这句话。原文中提到,90%以上的交通事故都涉及人为犯错的因素。题干中due to对应contributory factor,由此确定human error为正确答案。

第20题答案:car (-) sharing

对应原文:C部分:Automation means that initiatives for car-sharing become much more viable

答案解析:这道题比较考验大家对同义替换的敏感程度。题干中schemes对应initiatives,workable对应viable,根据句子结构判断答案为car-sharing。

第21题答案:ownership

对应原文:D部分第3段:Modelling work by the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute suggests automated vehicles might reduce vehicle ownership by 43 percent

答案解析:根据University of Michigan和43 percent定位到D部分的这句话。题干问的是哪方面的数量会有下降,只有ownership填上去语义合适,由此确定它为答案。

第22题答案:mileage

对应原文:D部分第3段:but that vehicles’ average annual mileage would double as a result.

答案解析:根据however与but的对应定位导致这句话,yearly与annual同义替换,由修饰关系确定mileage为答案。

第23题答案:C

对应原文:B部分第2段:If the vehicle can do some or all of the driving, it may be possible to be productive, to socialise or simply to relax

答案解析:原文中提到,“如果汽车能够自动驾驶,那么人们就可以工作、社交或者仅仅是放松一下”,对应C选项doing something other than driving,由此判断C为正确答案。

第24题答案:D

对应原文:B部分第2段:If the vehicle can do the driving, those who are challenged by existing mobility models – such as older or disabled travellers – may be able to enjoy significantly greater travel autonomy.

答案解析:原文中提到,“无人驾驶可以使那些受困于目前出行模式的人,比如老年人或者残疾人,享受更大的出行自主权”。D选项physically difficult对应older or disabled travellers,independently对应autonomy,由此判断它为正确答案。A选项错在car travellers(是汽车生产商节省成本,而非司机);B选项和E选项原文中都未曾提及。

第25题答案:A

对应原文:F部分:the societal changes that may be required for communities to trust and accept automated vehicles

答案解析:F部分提到其中一项困难是“让公众信任和接受自动化车辆”。A选项中confidence对应trust and accept,由此锁定答案。

第26题答案:E

对应原文:F部分:technical difficulties in ensuring that the vehicle works reliably in the infinite range of traffic, weather and road situations it might encounter

答案解析:F部分同时还提到了自动化汽车的技术困难,即“确保汽车在各种可能遇到的交通、天气和道路状况下都能够可靠地行驶”。E选项中various different driving conditions即对应交通、天气和道路状况,由此判断它为正确答案。B选项,C选项和D选项在原文中都未提及,因此统统排除。

剑桥雅思15Test1Passage1阅读答案解析 Nutmeg – a valuable spice 肉豆蔻

剑桥雅思15Test1Passage3阅读答案解析 What is exploration 探索是什么

“老烤鸭雅思阅读真题还原” 老烤鸭雅思公众号
本文固定链接: http://www.laokaoya.com/39538.html | 老烤鸭雅思-专注雅思备考

剑桥雅思15Test1Passage2阅读答案解析 Driverless cars:等您坐沙发呢!

发表评论

快捷键:Ctrl+Enter
error: Alert: Content is protected !!