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剑桥雅思15Test2Passage1阅读答案解析 Could urban engineers learn f […]

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剑桥雅思15Test2Passage1阅读答案解析 Could urban engineers learn from dance 舞蹈对城市交通设计的启示

剑桥雅思15阅读第二套题目第一篇文章的13道题由6道段落信息匹配和6道总结型填空组成。虽然有段落信息匹配这样需要通读全文的题目,但文章主题明确,并不是很难定位。因此整体难度还算可以介绍。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读对应的原文翻译

剑桥雅思15Test2Passage1阅读原文翻译 Could urban engineers learn from dance 舞蹈对城市交通设计的启示

剑桥雅思15 Test2 Passage1阅读答案解析

老烤鸭雅思原创解析,请勿抄袭转载

第1题答案:B

对应原文:B段:That is not to suggest everyone should dance their way to work, however healthy and happy it might make us

答案解析:这道题的解题关键在于理解题干:“提到一种作者并不主张的、使用舞蹈的吸引人的方式”。B段第二句中,not suggest对应not proposing,healthy and happy对应appealing,而dance their way to work则对应way,由此确定答案。

第2题答案:C

对应原文:C段:Whereas medieval builders improvised and adapted construction through their intimate knowledge of materials and personal experience of the conditions on a site, building designs are now conceived and stored in media technologies that detach the designer from the physical and social realities they are creating

答案解析:虽然C段的这个句子比较复杂,也不太好理解。但我们只用看到medieval builders(中世纪的建筑师)和building designs are now(现在设计方式)就好,两者即可对应题干中contrast between past and present approaches,由此确定答案。

第3题答案:F

对应原文:F段: it shares with engineering the aim of designing patterns of movement within limitations of space

答案解析:F段中部提到,“它与工程拥有同样的目的,即在有限的空间内设计移动模式”。其中aim对应objective,it代指dance,由此确定答案。

第4题答案:D

对应原文:D段:They failed to take into account that purpose-built street cafes could not operate in the hot sun

答案解析:这道题的解题关键在于climate。通览全文,只有D段中提到街边咖啡店无法在炎热的天气下运营的问题。其中hot sun对应climate,由此确定答案。

第5题答案:E

对应原文:E段: these models are necessary, but they are built on specific world views in which certain forms of efficiency and safety are considered and other experiences of the city ignored. Designs that seem logical in models appear counter-intuitive in the actual experience of their users.

答案解析:这道题跟之前的题目不太一样,无法直接进行词与词的对应,需要稍微加入一些理解。题干中“意图帮助人们的一些措施被反转”很容易让人联想到E段中关于英国道路防护栏的说法(一开始想要保护行人,但最后反而导致危险的穿越马路)。而段落开头部分文章来自老烤鸭雅思则叙述了出现这种情况的原因,即“这些模型所基于的世界观会考虑特定形式的效率与安全,而忽略城市体验的其他方面。模型中看似符合逻辑的设计在使用者的实际体验中会显得反直觉”。

第6题答案:A

对应原文:A段:The ways we travel affect our physical and mental health, our social lives, our access to work and culture, and the air we breathe

答案解析:A段整个一段话都在列举交通对我们生活的影响。中间更是进行了总结,“我们出行的方式影响着我们的身心健康,社会生活,工作和文化,以及我们所呼吸的空气”。由此确定答案。

第7题答案:safety

对应原文:E段:The guard rails … were an engineering solution to pedestrian safety

答案解析:根据guard rails定位到E段,再根据pedestrian定位到这句话,由所有格和修饰关系的对应即可确定safety为争取答案。

第8题答案:traffic

对应原文:E段:… based on models that prioritise the smooth flow of traffic.

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,movement与flow同义替换,根据所有格关系确定traffic为答案。

第9题答案:carriageway

对应原文:E段:using staggered access points to divide the crossing into two – one for each carriageway.

答案解析:虽然原文这里的描述很让我们疑惑,但根据access points仍然能够比较轻易的定位到这句话。each与one对应,由此确定carriageway为正确答案。

第10题答案:mobile

对应原文:E段:introducing psychological barriers greatly impacting those that are the least mobile

答案解析:根据psychological定位到E段的这句话,less与least对应,由此确定答案为mobile。

第11题答案:dangerous

对应原文:E段:and encouraging others to make dangerous crossings to get around the guard rails

答案解析:根据another与and的对应定位到这句话,从题干语法推测空上应该填一个形容词。筛选之后发现,只有dangerous填上去语义合适,由此确定答案。

第12题答案:communities

对应原文:E段:they divide communities

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,separate与divide同义替换,根据修饰关系确定communities为正确答案。

第13题答案:healthy

对应原文:E段:decrease opportunities for healthy transport

答案解析:根据并列关系定位到这句话,从题干语法(定语从句)可以看出空上应该填一个修饰transport的单词,由此确定答案为healthy。

剑桥雅思15Test2Passage2阅读答案解析 Should we try to bring extinct species back to life 复活已灭绝的物种

剑桥雅思15Test2Passage3阅读答案解析 having a laugh 笑一笑

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