当前位置: 首页 > 雅思阅读真题解析 > 正文

剑桥雅思15Test3Passage3阅读答案解析 Why fairy tales are really sc […]

老烤鸭雅思口语限量答案请联系小助手微信号:laokaoyaielts

剑桥雅思15Test3Passage3阅读答案解析 Why fairy tales are really scary tales 为什么童话故事实际是恐怖故事

剑桥雅思15阅读第三套题目第三篇文章的14道题由5道完成句子匹配,5道选词填空,以及4道单项选择组成。属于这套题目中难度最大的一篇。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读对应的原文翻译

剑桥雅思15Test3Passage3阅读原文翻译 Why fairy tales are really scary tales 为什么童话是真正可怕的故事

剑桥雅思15 Test3 Passage3阅读答案解析

老烤鸭雅思原创解析,请勿抄袭转载

第27题答案:C

对应原文:第1段:People of every culture tell each other fairy tales but the same story often takes a variety of forms in different parts of the world

答案解析:这道题没有明显的定位词,无论是fairy tales,还是details,又或者是plot都是该文章的主题词,在全文中反复出现。因此我们只能浏览选项之后,从原文第1段开始寻找。不过幸运的是,第1句话就能找到对应。C选项中global对应different parts of the world,variation对应variety of forms,由此锁定答案。

第28题答案:B

对应原文:第2段:It might be what we find interesting about this story is that it’s got this survival relevant information in it,’ says anthropologist Jamie Tehrani at Durham University in the UK. But his research suggests otherwise.

答案解析:Tehrani虽然在原文中反复出现,但第一次是在第二自然段,因此我们先在这段话中看看有没有对应的地方。发现rejects与suggests otherwise同义替换。而他所反驳的观点文章来自老烤鸭雅思则是故事之所以有趣是因为它包含有与生存相关的信息。由此确定B为正确答案。

第29题答案:F

对应原文:第2段:We have this huge gap in our knowledge about the history and prehistory of storytelling … he says. That hasn’t stopped anthropologists, folklorists and other academics devising theories to explain the importance of fairy tales in human society.

答案解析:根据various theories定位到第2段的结尾部分。这两句话的含义为,“我们在故事讲述的历史和史前史方面存在巨大的知识空白,但这并没有阻碍人类学家、民俗学家和其他学者提出理论,以解释童话故事在人类社会中的重要性”。F选项中without factual basis对应huge gap in out knowledge,由此锁定答案。

第30题答案:A

对应原文:第2段:Now Tehrani has found a way to test these ideas, borrowing a technique from evolutionary biologists.

答案解析:这道题根据选项来做可能会更简单一些。顺着29题往下,会发现第2段最后一句中提到a technique from evolutionary biologists,正好对应A选项methods used in biological research。然后我们在反过来看,发现前文也能有与题干相对应,由此确定答案为A。

第31题答案:E

对应原文:第4段:Checking for variants of these two tales and similar stories from Africa, East Asia and other regions, he ended up with 58 stories recorded from oral traditions

答案解析:题干中的词汇不具备什么定位价值,所以我们根据文章结构来进行。Tehrani对童话的分析从第4段开始,我们也先在这一段中寻找。发现58 stories能对应上题干中的all the fairy tales。而oral则对应E选项中的spoken,由此锁定答案。

第32题答案:D

对应原文:第4段: Once his phylogenetic analysis had established that they were indeed related, he used the same methods to explore how they have developed and altered over time.

答案解析:根据58 stories定位到第4段的这句话,题干问的是“这58个故事是否存在什么东西”,原文中填上去语义合适的只有“相关”,由此确定D选项links为答案。

第33题答案:F

对应原文:第5段:First he tested some assumptions about which aspects of the story alter least as it evolves, indicating their importance

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,根据importance与important的对应定位到这句话。fewest与least同义替换,根据修饰关系锁定alter,确定F variations为正确答案。

第34题答案:B

对应原文:第5段:Folklorists believe that what happens in a story is more central to the story than the characters in it

第6段:However, Tehrani found no significant difference in the rate of evolution of incidents compared with that of characters.

答案解析:这道题根据对原文的理解来做会更加简单一些。顺着上一题往下,第5段和第6段主要在探讨情节是否是一篇故事中最为重要的部分。other beliefs可以对应第5段中的folklorists,contrary可以对应第6段开头的however,由此确定what happens或者incidents对应的B选项为正确答案。

第35题答案:C

对应原文:第7段:But the really big surprise came when he looked at the cautionary elements of the story … . Yet in his analysis such elements were just as flexible as seemingly trivial details

答案解析:根据surprise定位到第7段。结合开头和结尾可以看出,这段话主要是在说故事中包含的警示信息同样不重要。C选项warning与cautionary elements同义替换,由此确定答案。

第36题答案:G

对应原文:第8段:The answer, it would appear, is fear

答案解析:在研究了众多因素之后,第8段开头就指出“答案似乎是恐惧”,由此锁定G选项。

第37题答案:B

对应原文:第4段:Tehrani’s analysis focused on Little Red Riding Hood in its many forms

答案解析:有关Tehrani研究方法的内容主要集中在第3段和第4段。B选项different forms对应many forms,the same basic story对应Little Red Riding Hood,由此确定为正确答案。从31题的题干即可排除A选项,C选项错在unrelated stories,而D选项则错在living creatures。

第38题答案:D

对应原文:第9段:Even if they’re gruesome, they won’t stick unless they matter

答案解析:根据Jack Zipes定位到第9段,原文中说的是,“即便故事情节很可怕,但如果它们不重要的话也不会留存下来(或者除非它们很重要,否则不会留存下来)”。D选项survive对应stick,matter对应deeper significance,由此锁定答案。A选项错在Tehrani ignores(这是他自己的观点,而非Tehrani忽视了),B选项和C选项找不到对应。

第39题答案:A

对应原文:第9段:But Tehrani points out …

答案解析:从段落行文结构即可看出,Tehrani并不认同Jack Zipe的观点,后面所举例子也是为了进行反驳,由此可以很容易的确定A为正确答案。

第40题答案:A

对应原文:第10段:Clasen believes that scary stories teach us what it feels like to be afraid without having to experience real danger, and so build up resistance to negative emotions.

答案解析:第10段最后一句提到,“Clasen认为,恐怖故事让我们体会到害怕的感受,却无需体验真正的危险,从而加强我们对负面情绪的抵抗力”。A选项虽然进行了大幅的改写,但意思基本一致。B选项错在avoid,C选项描述的是morals and habits,而非题干问的fairy tales,D选项错在reduce,因此统统排除。

“老烤鸭雅思阅读真题还原” 老烤鸭雅思公众号
本文固定链接: http://www.laokaoya.com/40071.html | 老烤鸭雅思-专注雅思备考

剑桥雅思15Test3Passage3阅读答案解析 Why fairy tales are really scary tales:等您坐沙发呢!

发表评论

快捷键:Ctrl+Enter
error: Alert: Content is protected !!