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剑桥雅思16Test4Passage1阅读答案解析 Roman tunnels 罗马隧道 剑桥雅思16阅读第四 […]

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剑桥雅思16Test4Passage1阅读答案解析 Roman tunnels 罗马隧道

剑桥雅思16阅读第四套题目第一篇文章的13道题由5道图例填空,4道TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN和3道简答题构成。虽然原文中长难句和生词很多,但出题点并不涉及这些内容,做起来还是相对比较简单的。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

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剑桥雅思16Test4Passage1阅读原文翻译 Roman tunnels 罗马隧道

剑桥雅思16 Test4 Passage1阅读答案解析

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第1题答案:posts

对应原文:第1段:… which consisted of placing posts over a hill in a straight line, to ensure that the tunnel kept to its route

答案解析:根据标题定位到文章的第1段,从图片箭头指示可以看出,空上填的应该是地面上的东西,由此确定posts为正确答案。

第2题答案:canal

对应原文:第1段:Once the tunnel was completed, it allowed water to flow from the top of a hillside down towards a canal, which supplied water for human use

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,根据local people和human use的对应定位到这句话,空前词runs into与flow towards同义替换,根据修饰关系,确定答案为canal。

第3题答案:vetilation

对应原文:第1段:The excavated soil was taken up to the surface using the shafts, which also provided ventilation during the work.

答案解析:根据shaft和soil定位到第1段的这句话,空前词and与also同义替换,由并列关系确定答案为ventilation。

第4题答案:lid

对应原文:第2段:… and were covered with a wooden or stone lid

答案解析:根据标题定位到第2段,再根据wooden or stone定位到这句话,很容易锁定lid为正确答案。

第5题答案:weight

对应原文:第2段:Romans hung a plumb line from a rod placed across the top of each shaft and made sure that the weight at the end of it hung in the center of the shaft.

答案解析:根据rod和plumb line定位到这句话,图片问的是绳子末端挂的是什么,由at the end锁定weight(重物)。

第6题答案:climbing

对应原文:第2段:The shafts were equipped with handholds and footholds to help those climbing in and out of them

答案解析:根据handholds and footholds定位到这句话,原文中填上去既符合词性要求,又符合句义的只有climbing,由此确定答案。

第7题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第3段:It was used to cut through high mountains, this article is from laokaoya website,  when the qanat method was not a practical alternative

答案解析:原文第3段表示,反向挖掘法在暗渠法无法使用的时候才会派上用场,可见它并没有完全取代后者。题干中completely replaced的说法太过绝对,由此判断答案为FLASE。

第8题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:无

答案解析:原文中完全没有提到隧道建设的用工要求,可以比较容易的判断为NOT GIVEN。

第9题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第3段:An inscription written on the side of a 428-meter tunnel, built by the Romans as part of the Saldae aqueduct system in modern-day Algeria, describes how the two teams of builders missed each other in the mountain and how the later construction of a lateral link between both corridors corrected the initial error.

答案解析:虽然题干对应句子很复杂,但从开头inscription就可以看出这一事件并不是记载在书里,而是在隧道侧面的铭刻上,由此判断答案为FALSE。

第10题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第3段:describes how the two teams of builders missed each other in the mountain

答案解析:原文中所描述的Saldae aqueduct system的错误在于两队建筑工人在山中彼此错过,即隧道两段没有相遇,由此判断答案为TRUE。

第11题答案:gold

对应原文:第4段:Traces of such tunnels used to mine gold can still be found at the Dolaucothi mines in Wales

答案解析:根据Dolaucothi定位到第4段,附近提到的矿石种类只有gold,由此确定答案。

第12题答案:(the) architect(‘s) (name)

对应原文:第5段:Most tunnels had inscriptions showing the names of patrons who ordered construction and sometimes the name of the architect.

答案解析:根据patron定位到第5段中间靠后的位置,由并列关系确定architect为正确答案。

第13题答案:(the) harbour/harbor

对应原文:第5段:the 1.4-kilometer Cevlik tunnel in Turkey, built to divert the floodwater threatening the harbor of the ancient city of Seleuceia Pieria

答案解析:根据Cevlik定位到第5段的最后。题干问的是Seleuceia Pieria的哪部分,根据所有格表达的所属关系确定答案为harbor。

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