当前位置: 首页 > 雅思阅读真题解析, 雅思阅读 > 正文

剑桥雅思5 Test 1阅读Passage 3答案解析 环境问题的真相 The Truth about the […]

“老烤鸭雅思阅读真题还原”

剑桥雅思5 Test 1阅读Passage 3答案解析 环境问题的真相 The Truth about the Environment

剑桥雅思5阅读第一套试题第三篇文章的14道题目由6道YES/NO/NOT GIVEN,5道选择,以及3道总结型填空构成。相比于前两篇文章来说难度要稍微大一些。尤其是选择题干扰项的分辨需要大量的时间,而文章长度又偏长一些。下面是具体每道题的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读对应的原文翻译以及其中出现的需要大家掌握的重点词汇

剑桥雅思5 Test 1阅读Passage 3原文翻译 环境问题的真相

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思5 test 1 passage 3环境类

剑桥雅思5 Test 1 Passage 3阅读答案解析

第27题答案:YES

对应原文:第1段:For many environmentalists, the world seems to be getting worse. They have developed a hit-list of our main fears…

解析:作为该篇文章的第一道题目,最好直接从开头找起。根据environmentalists定位到句子。pessimistic view与getting worse对应,a number of reasons与main fears后面的列举对应,因此判断答案为YES

第28题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:第2段:energy and other natural resources have become more abundant, not less so, since the book ‘The Limits to Growth’ was published in 1972 by a group of scientists.

解析:根据1972年定位到第2段的这句话,文章中虽然确实提到了地球的自然资源,但是否是只在这一年收集(has only been collected)则完全没有说明,因此判断为NOT GIVEN

第29题答案:NO

对应原文:第2段: Fewer people are starving

解析:顺着上一题往下,根据starving定位到具体的句子。原文中说的fewer,与题干中的increased直接冲突,因此判断为NO

第30题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:第2段:Third, although species are indeed becoming extinct, only about 0.7% of them are expected to disappear in the next 50 years

解析:根绝extinct species定位到这句话。但原文中只是说实际灭绝的数量不如预计的多。根本没有提到new species的事情,因此判断答案为NOT GIVEN

第31题答案:YES

对应原文:第2段:And finally, most forms of environmental pollution either appear to have been exaggerated, or are transient – associated with the early phases of industrialisation

解析:pollution,industrialization原词出现,linked与associated对应。即题干中的所有信息点在原文中都有体现,因此判断为YES

第32题答案:NO

对应原文:第2段:therefore best cured not by restricting economic growth, but by accelerating it

解析:根据best定位到具体的句子,题干中的slow down与原文中的restrict对应,但原文中有not的否定,因此判断答案为NO

第33题答案:C

对应原文:第4段:Scientific funding goes mainly to areas with many problems. That may be wise policy, but it will…

解析:A选项完全没有提到。B选项虽然有financial support,但并不是缺乏资金。D选项有research problem,但文章来自老烤鸭雅思没有说要解决每个问题。整段话都在说关于研究方向的问题,对应selection,因此确定答案为C

第34题答案:D

对应原文:第5段:Understandably, perhaps, they sometimes overstate their arguments.

解析:选项A,B,C都属于提到部分内容,但剩下内容没有根据的干扰项类型,比如A选项中的influencial,B选项中的effective,以及C选项中的raise fund等。而D选项中的exaggerate,claims与原文中的overstate,arguments对应,因此确定答案为D

第35题答案:C

对应原文:第6段:That would matter less if people applied the same degree of scepticism to environmental lobbying as they do to lobby groups in other fields

解析:选项A,B,D都完全没有提到。C选项中criticism和原文中scepticism替换,而且整段话都在比较环保游说团体和其他游说团体,因此判断其为正确选项。

第36题答案:B

对应原文:第7段:Newspapers and broadcasters are there to provide what the public wants.

解析:选项B中的readers,expectations分别与原文中的the public, want对应,而A,C,D中的educate, encourage和mislead都没提到,尤其确定答案为B

第37题答案:B

对应原文:第8段:Yet, even if America’s trash output continues to rise as it has done in the past, and even if the American population doubles by 2100, all the rubbish America produces through the entire 21st century will still take up only one-12,000th of the area of the entire United States.

解析:这道题需要理解文段意思才行。作者认为哪怕垃圾生产继续下去,而且人口翻倍,其所占地方也不过美国领土的12000分之一,根本不如环保团体说的那么严重,与B选项“不如我们所认为的那么严重”对应,因此确定答案。

第38题答案:E

对应原文:第2段:One form of pollution – the release of greenhouse gases that causes global warming – does appear to be a phenomenon that is going to extend well into our future

解析:虽然文章的最后四段在集中讨论全球变暖的问题,但我们也不要忽略第2段中同样提到了global warming,并说它extend well into our future。正好与long-term对应,因此确定答案为E

第39题答案:D

对应原文:第12段:It is crucial that we look at the facts if we want to make the best possible decisions for the future. It may be costly to be overly optimistic – but more costly still to be too pessimistic.

解析:一方面我们可以根据最后一段话意识到方法得当比较重要。另一方面根据题干意思,空上应该填一个正向的形容词,只有right比较合适。

第40题答案:I

对应原文:第11段:most pressing health problem: providing universal access to clean drinking water and sanitation.

解析:根据health problem定位到这一句,原文中它的修饰词是most pressing,正好与urgent对应,由此确定答案为I

剑桥雅思5 Test 1阅读Passage 1答案解析 约翰逊字典 Johnson’s Dictionary

剑桥雅思5 Test 1阅读Passage 2答案解析 Nature or Nurture 心理学实验

老烤鸭雅思阅读同义替换总结 老烤鸭雅思公众号
本文固定链接: http://www.laokaoya.com/22101.html | 老烤鸭雅思-专注雅思备考

剑桥雅思5 Test 1阅读Passage 3答案解析 环境问题的真相:等您坐沙发呢!

发表评论

快捷键:Ctrl+Enter
error: Alert: Content is protected !!