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剑桥雅思6Test4阅读Passage2答案解析 Do literate women make better […]

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剑桥雅思6Test4阅读Passage2答案解析 Do literate women make better mothers 识字妇女会成为更好的母亲吗

剑桥雅思6阅读第四套题目第二篇文章的13道题由5道选词填空,6道YES/NO/NOT GIVEN判断,以及一道五选二的多选构成。题目难度比较贴合现在考试的水平,大家做完之后可以对照答案看看自己的正确率如何。下面是具体题目的答案解析:

点击查看这篇雅思阅读中需要大家掌握的重点词汇以及对应的原文翻译:

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思6 test 4 passage 2 有文化的女性是更好的母亲

剑桥雅思6Test4阅读Passage2原文翻译 Do literate women make better mothers 受过教育的妇女会成为更好的母亲吗

剑桥雅思6 Test 4 Passage 2阅读答案解析

第14题答案:B

对应原文:第3段:including a National Literacy Crusade. By 1985, about 300,000 illiterate adults from all over the country …

答案解析:依据National Literacy Crusade定位到第3段。根据空前词illiterate,我们可以确定答案为adults或能够与adults同义替换的词汇,由此确定答案为B(men and women)。

第15题答案:F

对应原文:第1段:Children in developing countries are healthier and more likely to survive past the age of five when their mothers can read and write. Experts in public health accepted this idea decades ago

答案解析:根据public health experts定位到第1段。原文中提到,那些母亲能够阅读和写作的孩子会更加健康,活过5岁的可能性也更大。即孩子健康与母亲是否识字存在关系。由此确定答案为F。

第16题答案:C

对应原文:第4段:During this period, researchers from the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, the Central American Institute of Health in Nicaragua, the National Autonomous University of Nicaragua and the Costa Rican Institute of Health interviewed nearly 3,000 women

答案解析:第4段开头提到了不同国家许多大学的名称,而该研究正是由这些大学的研究人员进行的。因此确定答案为C(an international research team)。

第17题答案:J

对应原文:第2段:Most literate women learnt to read in primary school, and the fact that a woman has had an education may simply indicate her family’s wealth or that it values its children more highly. Now a long-term study carried out in Nicaragua has eliminated these factors

答案解析:根据eliminated定位到第2段的这一句。文中these factors指代前文章来自老烤鸭雅思面识字妇女家庭较为富裕,以及更加重视孩子这两个因素。而后者在题干上已经出现,因此确定答案为J(family wealth)。

第18题答案:F

对应原文:第2段:showing that teaching reading to poor adult women, who would otherwise have remained illiterate, has a direct effect on their children’s health and survival.

答案解析:顺着上一句往下,发现原文提到单单教授贫穷成年妇女阅读就对他们孩子的健康和生存率有直接影响,因此确定答案为与阅读相关的内容。查看下面选项,只有F合适。

第19题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:第4段:nearly 3,000 women, some of whom had learnt to read as children, some during the literacy crusade and some who had never learnt at all.

答案解析:文中只是提到3000名女性中既包含儿童时期就学会阅读的人,也包含在扫盲运动中学会阅读的人,还包括一直都是文盲的人。至于三组人的具体数量则没有提及,是否平均分配也无从推测,因此确定为NOT GIVEN。

第20题答案:NO

对应原文:第5段:In the late 1970s, the infant mortality rate for the children of illiterate mothers was around 110 deaths per thousand live births …   For women educated in primary school, however, the infant mortality rate was significantly lower, at 80 per thousand.

答案解析:从原文中可以看出,文盲女性孩子的死亡率为千分之110,而受过小学教育的女性的孩子死亡率为千分之80,明显更低。题干中所说的approximately the same level与原文直接冲突,因此判断为NO。

第21题答案:YES

对应原文:第6段:In 1985, after the National Literacy Crusade had ended, the infant mortality figures for those who remained illiterate and for those educated in primary school remained more or less unchanged.

答案解析:原文中指出,扫盲运动结束后,依然处于文盲状态的女性的婴儿死亡率几乎保持不变,而从第5段我们可以看到这组人婴儿的死亡率为千分之110。即题干中的主要信息点在原文中都可以找到对应,由此确定答案为YES。

第22题答案:YES

对应原文:第6段:For those women who learnt to read through the campaign, the infant mortality rate was 84 per thousand, an impressive 21 points

答案解析:原文中提到,在扫盲运动中学会阅读的女性,其婴儿死亡率变成了千分之84,比之前低了21个点。再结合上文,另外两组人的数据保持不变。可见其变化就是最大的。由此确定答案为YES。

第23题答案:NO

对应原文:第5段:For women educated in primary school, however, the infant mortality rate was significantly lower, at 80 per thousand.

第6段:For those women who learnt to read through the campaign, the infant mortality rate was 84 per thousand

答案解析:在扫盲运动中学会阅读的女性的婴儿死亡率为千分之84,而在小学阶段就接受过教育的女性的婴儿死亡率为80%,并且前后保持不变。可见其死亡率并不是最低的。因此判断为NO。

第24题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:第6段:The children of the newly-literate mothers were also better nourished than those of women who could not read.

答案解析:原文中确实提到刚刚识字的女性的孩子营养比不识字的女性的孩子要好。但这并不能说明后者孩子的营养就极差(severely malnourished)。因此判断为NOT GIVEN。

第25题答案:C

对应原文:第9段:But we thought that even if we started educating girls today, we’d have to wait a generation for the pay-off. The Nicaraguan study suggests we may be able to bypass that.

答案解析:原文中提到,之前认为对女孩的教育要等一代人才能看到结果,而尼加拉瓜的项目则表明我们可以绕过这一点,即在短时期内看到成效。因此确定C为答案。

第26题答案:E

对应原文:第8段:The results of the study lend support to the World Bank’s recommendation that education budgets in developing countries should be increased, not just to help their economies, but also to improve child health.

答案解析:原文中提到发展中国家教育预算的增加,不仅可以帮助其经济发展,而且也能提升孩子的健康水平。由此确定E为答案。

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