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剑桥雅思6Test1阅读Passage3答案解析 Climate Change and the Inuit 气 […]

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剑桥雅思6Test1阅读Passage3答案解析 Climate Change and the Inuit 气候变化与因纽特人

剑桥雅思6阅读第一套题目第三篇文章的14道题由6道段落标题匹配和8道总结型填空组成。两种题型的难度差异极大。前面难到让人怀疑人生,后面则简单到让人无法置信。大家在考试时如果遇到这种情况,一定要记得合理分配时间。甚至可以先做后面的填空再做前面的匹配,以防因为时间不够造成难的没做完,简单的没来得及做的情况。下面具体每道题目的答案解析:

点击查看这篇雅思阅读对应的原文翻译与其中出现的需要大家掌握的重点词汇

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思6 test 1 passage 3 气候变化与因纽特人

剑桥雅思6 Test1阅读Passage3原文翻译 Climate Change and the Inuit 气候变化与因纽特人

剑桥雅思6 Test 1 Passage 3阅读答案解析

第27题答案:i

对应原文:B段:they believe their best hope of survival in this changing environment lies in combining their ancestral knowledge with the best of modern science.

答案解析:这段话描述了因纽特人面对气候变化不甘心袖手旁观,认为生存希望存在于祖先知识与现代科技的结合之中。即他们对气候变化的反应,对应i选项。

第28题答案:vi

对应原文:C段:The Canadian Arctic is a vast, treeless polar desert that’s covered with snow for most of the year …  The environment tested them to the limits

答案解析:这一段主要在描述北极的恶劣环境,以及它对人们的考验。段落一开头就说了北极地区是一片巨大又没有植被的荒漠,常年覆盖着冰雪。后面又说了这种环境测试着人类的极限。对应vi选项的“艰难的环境”,由此确定答案。

第29题答案:iii

对应原文:D段:they still rely heavily on nature to provide food and clothing … Provisions available in local shops have to be flown into Nunavut …  replace meat they obtained themselves through hunting with imported meat.

答案解析:D段的后半部分提到商店里也可以买到食物,而且给出了购买进口肉文章来自老烤鸭雅思类替代自己打猎的花费,正好对应iii选项中必要补给(食物和衣服)的替代资源。由此确定答案。

第30题答案:vii

对应原文:E段: there has certainly been an impact on people’s health.

答案解析:这道题稍微简单一些。原文中的impact和health与题干上的effect和well-being对应,而且这句话后面提到了具体的疾病,由此确定vii为答案。

第31题答案:iv

对应原文:F段:Western scientists are starting to draw on this wisdom, increasingly referred to as ‘Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit’, or IQ … in recent years IQ has had much more credibility and weight

答案解析:原文中提到,西方科学家越来越多的吸取因纽特人的传统智慧,其信誉度和重要性与日俱增,对应iv选项中的respect of Inuit opinion grows,由此确定答案。

第32题答案:ii

对应原文:G段:There are still huge gaps in our environmental knowledge, and despite the scientific onslaught, many predictions are no more than best guesses.

答案解析:原文中提到我们对环境的理解仍然有很大的差距,而尽管科学家们的努力,许多预测也不过就是优秀的猜测而已。对应ii选项“对气候变化的理解仍然十分有限”,由此确定答案。

第33题答案:farming

对应原文:C段:Farming is out of the question and nature offers meagre pickings.

答案解析:根据题干开头的Canadian Arctic定位到C段,题干中impossible为否定含义,对应原文中的out of the question,因此确定答案为farming。

第34题答案:sea mammals

对应原文: C段:Humans first settled in the Arctic a mere 4,500 years ago, surviving by exploiting sea mammals and fish.

答案解析:从题干中可以看出,34题与35题为并列结构,在原文中从上一道题往下,注意寻找并列即可。

第35题答案:fish

对应原文:C段:Humans first settled in the Arctic a mere 4,500 years ago, surviving by exploiting sea mammals and fish.

答案解析:同上

第36题答案:Thule

对应原文:C段: one group emerged that was uniquely well adapted to cope with the Arctic environment. These Thule people …

答案解析:顺着上一道题目对应的原文往下寻找。从题干中我们可以推断空上填的应该是某种人。而people又原词出现,由此确定答案为Thule

第37题答案:islands

对应原文:D段:Nunavut is 1.9 million square kilometres of rock and ice, and a handful of islands around the North Pole.

答案解析:根据题干中的ice和rock定位到这一句话,答案与它们并列,而且空前的a few还与原文中a handful of同义替换,因此确定答案为islands

第38题答案:nomadic

对应原文:D段:Over the past 40 years, most have abandoned their nomadic ways

答案解析:顺着上一道题往下,根据in the recent years和over the past 40 years的对应确定句子。题干中的give又正好是原文中abandon的同义替换,由此确定答案为nomadic

第39题答案:nature

对应原文:D段:but they still rely heavily on nature to provide food and clothing.

答案解析:这道题比较简单,题干中的depend on与原文中的rely on同义替换,根据修饰关系确定答案为nature。

第40题答案:Imported

对应原文:D段:It would cost a family around f7,000 a year to replace meat they obtained themselves through hunting with imported meat.

答案解析:expensive对应原文中的每年7000英镑,由此确定句子。从题干语法结构可以推断空上应该填个形容词,而这句话中的形容词只有imported,填上去语义也合适。因此确定它为答案。

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