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剑桥雅思6Test4阅读Passage3答案解析 persistent bullying 校园欺凌 剑桥雅思6 […]

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剑桥雅思6Test4阅读Passage3答案解析 persistent bullying 校园欺凌

剑桥雅思6阅读第四套题目第三篇文章的14道题由4道段落标题匹配,4道单项选择,4道总结型填空,以及1道文章主旨概括组成。因为涉及到的题型比较多,做题方法也不太相同,需要大家不断切换才可以。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析:

点击查看这篇雅思阅读中需要大家掌握的重点词汇以及对应的原文翻译

雅思真题阅读词汇 剑桥雅思6 test 4 passage 3 学校欺凌现象

剑桥雅思6Test4阅读Passage3原文翻译 persistent bullying 校园欺凌/霸凌

剑桥雅思6 Test 4 Passage 3阅读答案解析

第27题答案:iv

对应原文:A部分: in British primary schools up to a quarter of pupils reported experience of bullying, which in about one in ten cases was persistent. There was less bullying in secondary schools, with about one in twenty-five suffering persistent bullying

答案解析:原文中提到,英国小学中有四分之一的学生都有被欺凌的经历,其中十分之一持续了很长时间。而中学中受长期欺凌的比例则是25分之一。概括一下就是欺凌行为在英国学校中有多么普遍,对应答案iv。

第28题答案:vi

对应原文:B部分:Bullying is clearly unpleasant, and can make the child experiencing it feel unworthy and depressed

答案解析:整个这一段都在描述欺凌行为对孩子的具体影响。段落开头提到欺凌显然令人不快,会让孩子感到格格不入和压抑。由此确定vi为答案。

第29题答案:v

对应原文:C部分:‘There is no bullying at this school’ has been a common refrain … Fortunately more schools are now saying: ‘There is not much bullying here, but when it occurs we have a clear policy for dealing with it.’

答案解析:原文中提到,学校之前会否认欺凌的存在,现在则是说虽文章来自老烤鸭雅思然这里没有太多的欺凌,但一旦发生,我们会有明确的应对政策。对应v选项中学校关于欺凌询问的反应。

第30题答案:vii

对应原文:D部分:Three factors are involved in this change。

答案解析:原文中D部分详细描述了促进改变的三个因素:对问题严重程度的认识,相应的资源,以及推出材料的可行性。想象vii中developments与change对应,led to与factors对应,new与change对应,由此确定答案。

第31题答案:B

对应原文:A部分:in British primary schools up to a quarter of pupils reported experience of bullying … There was less bullying in secondary schools

答案解析:根据secondary schools定位到A部分这一句。原文中提到英国学校的欺凌比例是四分之一,而中学则较少。由此确定B为答案。

第32题答案:D

对应原文:B部分:Victimised pupils are more likely to experience difficulties with interpersonal relationships as adults

答案解析:题干中询问的是遭受欺凌对孩子的影响,根据前面所做的段落标题匹配,可以将目光锁定在B部分。选项A,B在原文中都完全没有提到,C选项则是更容易变得暴力,而非更不容易,因此排除。D选项中的forming relationships与interpersonal relationships对应,later life与adults对应,由此确定答案。

第33题答案:D

对应原文:C部分:Until recently, not much was known about the topic, and little help was available to teachers to deal with bullying. Perhaps as a consequence, schools would often deny the problem.

答案解析:原文中提到,直到最近,对于欺凌的问题都知之甚少,而且老师在处理问题时很难得到帮助。这两个原因导致学校经常会否认该问题的存在。选项D中a lack of与not much和little对应,knowledge与known对应,resources与help对应,由此确定答案。

第34题答案:A

对应原文:D部分:In Norway, after an intervention campaign was introduced nationally, an evaluation of forty-two schools suggested that, over a two-year period, bullying was halved.

答案解析:B,C,D选项都属于原文中没有提到的内容。而A选项中的50%与原文中halved(折半)对应,由此确定答案。

第35题答案:policy

对应原文:E部分第1段:Evidence suggests that a key step is to develop a policy on bullying, saying clearly what is meant by bullying …

答案解析:总结型填空的标题为减少欺凌的措施,由此定位到E部分。题干中important与原文中的key对应,空前词produce与develop对应,由此确定答案为policy。

第36题答案:(explicit) guidelines

对应原文:E部分第1段:saying clearly what is meant by bullying, and giving explicit guidelines on what will be done if it occurs

答案解析:根据题干语法结构可以确定空上应该填的是个名词。空前词detailed与原文中clearly和explicit都可以对应,但clearly附近没有名词,由此确定答案为guidelines。

第37题答案:(school) curriculum

对应原文:E部分第2段:Other actions can be taken to back up the policy. There are ways of dealing with the topic through the curriculum

答案解析:根据题目开头的in addition和分段将目光锁定在E部分的第二段,空前词through的提示非常明显,由此确定答案为curriculum。

第38题答案:victims

对应原文:E部分第3段:Assertiveness training for pupils who are liable to be victims is worthwhile

答案解析:同样是根据题目的分段将注意力放在在E部分第三段。题干中的potential与原文中be liable to对应,由此确定答案为victims。

第39题答案:playful fighting

对应原文:E部分第4段:One helpful step is to train lunchtime supervisors to distinguish bullying from playful fighting

答案解析:题干中的difference与原文中distinguish对应,bullying原词出现。无论是根据短语的修饰关系还是结构,都可以确定答案为playful fighting。

第40题答案:D

答案解析:原文几乎没有提到父母,媒体和学者在防止欺凌中的作用,因此排除A,B,C。只有D选项能够比较合适的概括全文,由此确定答案。

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