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剑桥雅思14Test2Passage1阅读答案解析 Alexander Henderson (1831-191 […]

剑桥雅思14Test2Passage1阅读答案解析 Alexander Henderson (1831-1913)

剑桥雅思14阅读第二套题目第一篇文章的13道题由8道TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN判断和5道笔记填空题组成。整篇文章按照时间顺序进行,段落主题清晰,结构分明,并不是很难定位,难度较低。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

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剑桥雅思14Test2Passage1阅读原文翻译 Alexander Henderson (1831-1913)

剑桥雅思14 Test2 Passage1阅读答案解析

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第1题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第1段:Alexander spent much of his childhood in the area, playing on the beach near Eyemouth or fishing in the streams nearby.

答案解析:第1段最后一句提到,Alexander在该区域(Press estate)度过了童年的大部分时间,要么在Eyemouth附近的海滩玩耍,要么在附近的小溪中钓鱼。题干中rarely visited the area的描述与此冲突,由此判断答案为FALSE。

第2题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第2段:Although he never liked the prospect of a business career, he stayed with it to please his family.

答案解析:第2段中部提到,虽然Alexander不喜欢这一职业的前景,但为了让家人高兴,他还是做了下去。可见他之所以从事这一行业,主要还是因为家人想让他这样,由此判断答案为TRUE。

第3题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:第3段:they cooperated on experiments with magnesium flares as a source of artificial light in 1865.

答案解析:原文中只是提到他们利用镁进行实验,至于对实验结果感受如何则完全没有说。题干属于无中生有,尤其判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第4题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第4段:In spite of their friendship, their styles of photography were quite different.

答案解析:第4段开头提到,尽管两人关系很好,但他们的摄影风格差别很大。文中后面又提到Notman的摄影以现实主义为主,而Henderson则为浪漫派。可见两人之间并没有太多的相似之处,由此判断答案为FALSE。

第5题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:第5段:In 1866, he gave up his business to open a photographic studio

答案解析:原文中只是提到他放弃自己的生意开设了一家摄影工作室。至于该工作室的地点则没有提及。题干属于无中生有,因此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第6题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第5段:From about 1870 he dropped portraiture to specialize in landscape photography and other views

答案解析:第5段第2句提到,从1870年左右开始,他放弃人像,专注于风景拍摄文章来自老烤鸭雅思和其他景观。题干中so that的逻辑关系可以从原文中的动词不定式找到依据,其他主要信息点都只是简单的同义替换而已,由此判断答案为TRUE。

第7题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第7段:This undertaking led in 1875 to a commission from the railway to record the principal structures along the almost-completed line connecting Montreal to Halifax.

答案解析:原文中在描述Montreal和Halifax之间的铁路线时,用的是almost-completed,即尚未完工。题干中的has been finished与此不符,由此判断答案为FALSE。

第8题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第8段:He continued in this post until 1897, when he retired completely from photography.

答案解析:第8段的最后一句提到,他在CPR的岗位上一直干到1897年彻底从摄影行业退休。可见这份工作就是他最后的工作,由此判断答案为TRUE。

第9题答案:merchant

对应原文:第1段:Alexander Henderson was born in Scotland in 1831 and was the son of a successful merchant.

答案解析:根据1831年定位到第1段的第1句话,题干问的是他父亲是什么人,很容易锁定merchant为答案。

第10题答案:equipment

对应原文:第5段:There was little competing hobby or amateur photography before the late 1880s because of the time-consuming techniques involved and the weight of the equipment.

答案解析:根据上一行landscape photography定位到第5段,题干中considerable time与time-consuming同义替换,由并列关系确定equipment为答案。

第11题答案:gifts

对应原文:第5段:People wanted to buy photographs as souvenirs of a trip or as gifts

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,根据souvenirs定位到这句话,由并列关系确定答案为gifts。

第12题答案:canoe

对应原文:第7段:He was especially fond of the wilderness and often travelled by canoe on the Blanche, du Lievre, and other noted eastern rivers

答案解析:根据estern rivers定位到第7段的这句话。从题干可以看出空上应该填的是某种交通工具,由此锁定canoe(独木舟)为答案。

第13题答案:mountains

对应原文:第7段:In 1885 he went west along the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) as far as Rogers Pass in British Columbia, where he took photographs of the mountains and the progress of construction.

答案解析:根据1885定位到第7段的最后一句话,题干问的是他拍摄了什么东西,而the railway已经对应progress of construction,由此确定答案为mountains。

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