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剑桥雅思14Test1Passage1阅读答案解析 The Importance of Children&#8 […]

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剑桥雅思14Test1Passage1阅读答案解析 The Importance of Children’s Play 孩子玩耍的重要性

剑桥雅思14阅读第一套题目第一篇文章的13道题由8道笔记填空和5道TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN判断组成。虽然文章较长,但每段主题清晰,再加上题目都是顺序出题,做起来并不是太难。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析,以供大家参考。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读对应的原文翻译

剑桥雅思14Test1Passage1阅读原文翻译 The Importance of Children’s Play 孩子玩耍的重要性

剑桥雅思14 Test1 Passage1阅读答案解析

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第1题答案:creativity

对应原文:第1段:Although she isn’t aware of it, this fantasy is helping her take her first steps towards her capacity for creativity

答案解析:根据magical kindom定位到第一段的第一句。题干中问的是有助于发展什么,该段中只有creativity填上去语义合适,由此确定为答案。

第2题答案:rules

对应原文:第2段:Later on, when they tire of this and settle down with a board game, she’s learning about the need to follow rules and take turns with a partner.

答案解析:根据board game和turn定位到第2段的最后一句话,从题干中可以看出,空上应该填一个与次序并列的单词,由此锁定rules。

第3题答案:cities

对应原文:第5段:But we live in changing times, and Whitebread is mindful of a worldwide decline in play, pointing out that over half the people in the world now live in cities.

答案解析:虽然距离上一题有点远,但根据小标题recent change不难定位到第5段。people与population同义替换,根据所属关系,确定答案为cities。

第4题答案:traffic

对应原文:第5段:Outdoor play is curtailed by perceptions of risk to do with traffic

答案解析:根据free play与outdoor play的对应定位到这句话。从题干可以看出,4,5,6题填的都是户外活动受限制的原因,由此确定traffic为答案。

第5题答案:crime

对应原文:第5段:as well as parents’ increased wish to protect their children from being the victims of crime

答案解析:道理同上,锁定crime。

第6题答案:competition

对应原文:第5段:by the emphasis on ‘earlier is better’ which is leading to greater competition in academic learning and schools.

答案解析:定位方式跟之前一样,increased与greater同义替换,由此锁定competition为正确答案。

第7题答案:evidence

对应原文:第6段:But what they often lack is the evidence to base policies on.

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,根据policies定位到第6段的这句话。题干中问的是很难找到什么,对应原文中的lack,由此确定答案为evidence。

第8题答案:life

对应原文:第8段:there is very little data on the impact it has on the child’s later life.

答案解析:根据impact定位到第8段的这句话,rest与later对应,由此确定答案为life。

第9题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第12段:the ability to self-regulate has been shown to be a key predictor of academic performance.

答案解析:第12段中提到:有证据显示,自控能力是学习成绩的重要指示。即自控能力好的孩子更有可能学习好。由此判断答案为TRUE。

第10题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第13段:how observing children at play … can even be useful in the diagnosis of neurodevelopmental disorders like autism.

答案解析:第13段提到:观察玩耍中的孩子文章来自老烤鸭雅思甚至对诊断诸如自闭症这样的神经发育紊乱有用。即孩子玩耍的方式可能提供身体问题的相关信息。由此判断答案为TRUE。

第11题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:第14段:Children wrote longer and better-structured stories when they first played with dolls representing characters in the story

答案解析: 原文中确实提到玩玩偶有助于写作,但并没有对男孩和女孩进行对比,因此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第12题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第14段:children first created their story with Lego*, with similar results.

答案解析:原文中提到,利用乐高辅助写作的孩子也有相似的结果。而此相似的结果即对应上文,“孩子可以写出更长、结构更好的故事”。可见他们在thinking up ideas上并没有什么问题,由此判断答案为FALSE。

第13题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第16段:Somehow the importance of play has been lost in recent decades

答案解析:最后一段的开头提到,“不知为何,游戏玩耍在最近几十年里变得没有那么重要了”。题干中的less significant对应importance has been lost,in the past对应in recent decades,即题干中的主要信息点在原文中都能找到根据,由此判断答案为TRUE。

剑桥雅思14Test1Passage2阅读答案解析 The growth of bike-sharing schemes around the world 共享单车

剑桥雅思14Test1Passage3阅读答案解析 Motivational factors and the hospitality industry

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