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剑桥雅思14Test3Passage1阅读答案解析 The concept of intelligence 智 […]

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剑桥雅思14Test3Passage1阅读答案解析 The concept of intelligence 智力的概念

剑桥雅思14阅读第三套题目第一篇文章的13道题由3道段落信息匹配,3道YES/NO/NOT GIVEN判断,以及7道人名观点匹配组成。虽然文章较长,也有些抽象,但题目的对应点很清晰,做起来不算很难。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读对应的原文翻译

剑桥雅思14Test3Passage1阅读原文翻译 The concept of intelligence 智力的概念

剑桥雅思14 Test3 Passage1阅读答案解析

第1题答案:B

对应原文:B段:implicit theories of intelligence drive the way in which people perceive and evaluate their own intelligence and that of others.

答案解析:B段开头提到,“智力的内隐理论决定人们认知与评估自身和他人智力的方式”,随后又举了父母,面试官,交朋友的例子来进行说明。即有关智力的非科学家假设如何影响他们对待他人的方式,由此确定答案。

第2题答案:A

对应原文:A段:people all have unconscious notions … of intelligence, but no one knows for certain what it actually is.

答案解析:A段中提到,“人们对于智力都有潜意识的概念,但没有人确切地知道它到底是什么”。即缺乏智力的清晰定义,由此确定A为答案。

第3题答案:D

对应原文:D段:an investigation of implicit theories reveals little correspondence between the extant implicit and explicit theories

答案解析:D段中部提到,“对内隐理论的研究揭示现存的内隐理论和外显理论之间缺乏相关性”。其中little correspondence对应题干中的very different。除此之外,全文没有再提到内隐理论和外显理论的关系,由此确定D为正确答案。

第4题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:B段:For example, parents’ implicit theories of their children’s language development will determine at what ages they will be willing to make various corrections in their children’s speech

答案解析:B段中确实提到了父母对孩子语言发展的判断,但并未提及他们语言发展慢的话,父母会失望。题干属于无中生有,因此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第5题答案:NO

对应原文:E段:How these expectations differ is in part a function of culture.

答案解析:E段提到,“这些对孩子期望的不同一定程度上是因为文化”。后面又举例说,人们对于接受西方教育的孩子跟不接受此类教育的孩子的期望存在差别。可见大家的期待并不一致,题干描述与原文相反,由此判断答案为NO。

第6题答案:YES

对应原文:J段:they are likely to miss the point of what others are saying when discussing their explicit theories and their data.

答案解析:文章最后一段提到,“学者可能在讨论他们外显理论与数据的时候,错过一些点”。题干中without fully understand each other对应miss the point ,disscuss原词出现,即所有主要信息点在原文中都能找到依据,由此判断答案为YES。

第7题答案:B

对应原文:H段:The Jeffersonian view is that people should have equal opportunities

答案解析:杰弗逊认为人们应该拥有同样的机会。题干只是将原文中equal opportunities替换成了same possibilites,由此确定B为答案。

第8题答案:C

对应原文:I段:In this view, we do not need or want any institutions that might lead to favoring one group over another.

答案解析:I段最后提到,“我们不需要,也不想要任何偏袒某一团体的组织机构”。其中we do not对应no section of society,favoring对应preferential treatment,at the expense of another对应over another,而I段整段都是在描述杰克逊的观点,因此判断答案为C。

第9题答案:B

对应原文:H段:People are rewarded for what they accomplish

答案解析:题干中gain benefits与rewarded对应,achieve与accomplish对应。与此同时,H段主要是杰弗逊的观点,因此确定答案为B。

第10题答案:A

对应原文:G段:The Hamiltonian view … is that people are born with different levels of intelligence

答案解析:G段开头提到,汉密尔顿的观点是人们文章来自老烤鸭雅思生而具备不同水平的智力。其中different levels对应variation,born对应at birth,由此确定A为正确答案。

第11题答案:A

对应原文:G段:those who are less intelligent need the good offices of the more intelligent to keep them in line

答案解析:G段提到,“不那么聪明的人需要较为聪明的人的管制,以确保秩序”。即更为聪明的人应该掌握权力。与此同时G段主要是汉密尔顿的观点,因此确定A为正确答案。

第12题答案:C

对应原文:I段:The Jacksonian view is that all people are equal, not only as human beings but in terms of their competencies

答案解析:I段开头提到,“杰克逊认为,所有人都是平等的,不仅作为人类,而且在能力方面也一样”。题干中everyone对应all people,abilities对应competencies,由此确定C为正确答案。

第13题答案:A

对应原文:G段:Left to themselves, the unintelligent would create, as they always have created, a kind of chaos.

答案解析:G段最后一句提到,“自生自灭的话,智力较低的人会造成混乱,就跟他们一直以来的那样”。其中chaos对应题干中的uncotrolled,再加上G段是汉密尔顿的观点,因此判断答案为A。

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