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剑桥雅思14Test4Passage2阅读答案解析 Why zoos are good 动物园的作用 剑桥雅思 […]

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剑桥雅思14Test4Passage2阅读答案解析 Why zoos are good 动物园的作用

剑桥雅思14阅读第四套题目第二篇文章的13道题由4道段落信息匹配,5道TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN判断和2道5选2的多选组成。因为文章段落清晰,主题明确,也没有什么很难的词汇,所以做起来还算轻松。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读对应的原文翻译

剑桥雅思14Test4Passage2阅读原文翻译 Why zoos are good 动物园的好处

剑桥雅思14 Test4 Passage2阅读答案解析

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第14题答案:B

对应原文:B段:Moreover, some of these collapses have been sudden, dramatic and unexpected, or were simply discovered very late in the day.

答案解析:B段中提到,“一些灭绝是突然的,剧烈的,以及出人意料的,或者仅仅是发现时已经为时已晚”。其中sudden, dramatic,以及very late in the day都能够与题干中的quickly对应,由此确定锁定B为答案。

第15题答案:E

对应原文:E段:Being able to undertake research on animals in zoos where there is less risk and fewer variables

答案解析:E段中解释了在动物园中进行研究更好的原因,具体为“风险更低,变量更少”,由此确定它为答案。

第16题答案:C

对应原文:C段:While it is true that television documentaries are becoming ever more detailed and impressive, and many natural history specimens are on display in museums

答案解析:C段中先提到电视纪录片和博物馆这两种方式(电视纪录片越来越细致,博物馆展示有标本),随后突出动物园的优势所在。对应题干中two ways of learning about animals,由此锁定C为正确答案。

第17题答案:A

对应原文:A段:Animals in good zoos get a varied and high-quality diet with all the supplements required, and any illnesses they might have will be treated. Their movement might be somewhat restricted, but they have a safe environment in which to live, and they are spared bullying and social ostracism by others of their kind. They do not suffer from the threat or stress of predators, or the irritation and pain of parasites or injuries.

答案解析:A段中部列举了许多动物园里动物更加健康的原因,包括饮食更好,生病会得到质量,环境更为安全,免受欺凌和排挤,不受捕食者威胁等。由此锁定A为正确答案。

第18题答案:TRUE

对应原文:A段:The average captive animal will have a greater life expectancy compared with its wild counterpart

答案解析:A段中明确提到,“与它们野外的同伴相比,圈养的动物寿命更长”。题干只是将greater life expectancy替换成live longer而已,由此判断答案为TRUE。

第19题答案:TRUE

对应原文:B段:A good number of species only exist in captivity, with many of these living in zoos

答案解析:B段中间提到,“大量的物种只存在于圈养状态,其中许多生活在动物园里”。反过来说,即许多物种在野外已经消失。题干描述与此相同,由此判断答案为TRUE。

第20题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:无

答案解析:原文中只是提到电视纪录片越来越细致,至于它跟动物园游客的关系则完全没有说明,题干属于无中生有,由此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第21题答案:FALSE

对应原文:D段:which directly communicate information to visitors … This was an area where zoos used to be lacking,

答案解析:D段中提到,动物园曾经在与游客交流和传递信息方面做的不太好。题干中have always excelled的描述与原文中where zoos used to be lacking冲突,由此判断答案为FALSE。

第22题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:E段:Being able to undertake research on animals in zoos where there is less risk and fewer variables means real changes can be effected on wild populations

答案解析:E段中确实提到在动物园研究动物比在野外研究更好,不过原因是“更低的风险和更少的变量”,而非less stressful。与此同时,我们在原文中也找不到直接与stressful相反或者相冲突的点,由此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第23题答案:B

对应原文:D段:send their animal keepers abroad to contribute their knowledge and skills to those working in zoos and reserves

答案解析:D段最后一句提到,“一些动物园将它们的饲养员派到国外,利用他们的知识和技能帮助那些在动物园和保护区里工作的人”,B选项中overseas与abroad对应,join teams与contribute their knowlede and skills对应,由此判断B为正确答案。

第24题答案:D

对应原文:D段:Many zoos also work directly to educate conservation workers in other countries

答案解析:D段提到,“许多动物园也直接培训其他国家的动物保护工作者”。D选项文章来自老烤鸭雅思只是将educate替换成了teach,其他没有变化,由此确定其为正确答案。A选项错在take part in这个信息点,而C和E则在原文中找不到对应。

第25题答案:B

对应原文:F段:at least accept the need to be more environmentally conscious.

答案解析:F段最后一句提到,“动物园至少可以让人们接受我们需要更强的环境意识”。B选项increase与more对应,awareness与conscious对应,由此确定它为正确答案。

第26题答案:E

对应原文:B段:Still more only exist in the wild because they have been reintroduced from zoos

答案解析:B段中间提到,“更多物种仍然存在的原因仅仅在于它们被从动物园放归出去”。E选项later can be released into the wild对应reintroduced,由此判断它为正确答案。而选项A,C和D在原文中都找不到对应,因此统统排除。

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