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剑桥雅思14Test1Passage2阅读答案解析 The growth of bike-sharing sc […]

剑桥雅思14Test1Passage2阅读答案解析 The growth of bike-sharing schemes around the world 共享单车

剑桥雅思14阅读第一套题目第二篇文章的13道题由5道段落信息匹配,2道5选2的多选,以及4道总结型填空组成。虽然出现了段落信息匹配这种需要通读原文的题目,但因为文章自身结构比较清晰,主题相对明确,做起来并不是很难。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析,以供大家参考。

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剑桥雅思14Test1Passage2阅读原文翻译 The growth of bike-sharing schemes around the world 共享单车

剑桥雅思14 Test1 Passage2阅读答案解析

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第14题答案:E

对应原文:E段:The system, however, was prone to vandalism and theft. ‘After every weekend there would always be a couple of bikes missing,’

答案解析:E段中间提到,该系统很容易遭到破坏和盗窃。几乎每个周末之后,就有几辆自行车丢失。对应题干中misuse这一说法,由此确定E为正确答案。

第15题答案:C

对应原文:C段:Nevertheless, the council unanimously rejected the plan. ‘They said that the bicycle belongs to the past. They saw a glorious future for the car

答案解析:根据方案被拒绝定位到C段的最后。原文指出“他们说自行车属于过去,他们看到了汽车光辉灿烂的未来”,即否决共享单车提案的原因,由此确定C为正确答案。

第16题答案:F

对应原文:F段:But financially I didn’t really benefit from it, because I never filed for a patent

答案解析:F段最后提到Schimmelpennink自身并未从中获取经济利益,因为他从来都没有申请专利。即未能从所做工作中获利,由此确定答案为F。

第17题答案:C

对应原文:C段:It turned out that a white bicycle – per person, per kilometre – would cost the municipality only 10% of what it contributed to public transport per person per kilometre

答案解析:原文提到,白色自行车每人每公里的花费仅仅只是公共交通每人每公里花费的10%。即实行共享单车项目能节省大笔开支,对应题干中的potential savings,由此确定C为正确答案。

第18题答案:A

对应原文:A段:They believed the scheme … was an answer to the perceived threats of air pollution and consumerism.

答案解析:A段提到,他们认为共享单车项目是应对空气污染和消费主义威胁的答案。即该项目想要解决的问题。由此确定答案为A。

第19题答案:B

对应原文:E段:But the biggest blow came when Postbank decided to abolish the chip card … the business partner had lost interest

答案解析:根据1999定位到D段靠后的部分,但与失败相关的内容主要是在E段。E段最后提到,“当Postbank决定放弃芯片卡时,该项目受到最大的打击 … 商业伙伴不再感兴趣”。对应B选项由于合作伙伴撤出支持而遭遇失败,由此确定答案。从原文可以看出,1999年的时候,荷兰交通运输部是支持共享单车计划的,因此排除A。原文中并没有对哥本哈根和阿姆斯特丹的项目进行比较,C选项属于无中生有,因此也排除。

第20题答案:D

对应原文:D段:Times had changed,’ he recalls. ‘People had become more environmentally conscious …’

答案解析:D段中间提到,1999年时,时代变了,人们对环境更加关心。即人们态度的改变使得共享单车项目成为可能。由此确定D为正确答案。原文中只提到一位设计师,E选项中的a range of bike desingers属于无中生有,因此排除。

第21题答案:D

对应原文:G段:‘People who travel on the underground don’t carry their bikes around. But often they need additional transport to reach their final destination.’

答案解析:原文中提到,乘坐地铁的人们无法扛着自行车走来走去,但他们往往需要额外的交通工具才能到达最终目的地。可见共享单车有利于这些人,由此确定D为正确答案。

第22题答案:E

对应原文:G段: it is regarded as one of the two most cycle-friendly capitals in the world

答案解析:G段开头提到,阿姆斯特丹被认为是世界上对骑行最为友好的两个首都之一。即该城市享有欢迎骑行者的声誉,由此确定E为答案。

第23题答案:activists

对应原文:A段:Provo, the organisation that came up with the idea, was a group of Dutch activists who wanted to change society.

答案解析:根据Provo定位到A段的这句话,从题干可以看出空上问的是这些人的身份,原文中只有activists填上去语义合适,由此锁定答案。

第24题答案:consumerism

对应原文:A段: …  was an answer to the perceived threats of air pollution and consumerism

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,damage to the environment对应air pollution,根据并列关系确定consumerism为答案。

第25题答案:leaflets

对应原文:A段:they painted a small number of used bikes white. They also distributed leaflets

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,根据painting some bikes white定位到这句话。as well as与also对应,再加上空前词hand out与distributed同义替换,根据修饰关系,确定leaflets为答案。

第26题答案:police

对应原文:B段:but struggled to get off the ground. The police were opposed to Provo’s initiatives and almost as soon as the white bikes were distributed around the city, they removed them

答案解析:白色自行车项目失败的内容主要在B段。从题干可以看出,空上填的应该是谁或哪个组织将自行车带走。took away对应remove,由此确定police为答案。

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