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雅思写作工作类高分词汇总结 含例句 雅思写作大作文中与工作相关的话题包括:终身制工作与经常跳槽的优劣势比较,自 […]

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雅思写作工作类高分词汇总结 含例句

雅思写作大作文中与工作相关的话题包括:终身制工作与经常跳槽的优劣势比较,自由工作的好坏,失业问题与失业救济,工作与生活的平衡等内容。除此之外,工作还是我们论述其他话题的时候很容易提到的一个论据,比如某个产业会创造大量的工作岗位等。为了更好的帮助大家备考,老烤鸭小编搜集了一些雅思写作工作类高分词汇,并附上例句,以供参考。

1. employee

含义:员工,雇员。Someone who is paid to work for someone else.

例句:The company has several hundred employees.

2. employer

含义:雇主,老板。A person or organization that employs people.

例句:Employers monitor their employees very carefully these days.

3. employment

含义:雇佣。When someone is paid to work for a company or organization.

例句:Due to the recession, there are thousands of people looking for employment.

I was employed in the company for several years.

4. unemployment

含义:失业。Not working.

例句:Levels of unemployment in the economy have been rapidly increasing.

He has been unemployed for 6 months now.

5. commute

含义:通勤(上下班)。To make the same journey regularly between work and home

例句:It is taking longer for people to commute to work because of traffic problems.

Commuting to work every day by bus is tiring.

6. occupation

含义:职业。Formal way to say ‘job’.

例句:What is your occupation?

7. career

含义:职业。Working life or a particular job during one’s working life that gets better in terms of salary and position.

例句:He is retired now but he had an amazing career ( = successful working life).

He hopes to have a career in the army

8. profession

含义:职业,专业。Any type of work which needs special training or a particular skill, often one which is respected because it involves a high level of education.

例句:The teaching profession is not as good as it used to be because salaries have decreased.

9. salary/wages

含义:工资。Money paid each month to an employee for their work.

例句:Public sector salaries are not keeping up with inflation.

He receives a good wage because he works for a prestigious company.

10. public sector

含义:公共部门。Businesses and industries that are owned or controlled by the government.

例句:You get a good pension if you work for the public sector, but the salary is not always so good.

11. private sector

含义:私人部门。Businesses and industries that are privately owned.

例句:Most graduates hope to work in the private sector when they finish university as there are more opportunities and the pay is better than the public sector.

12. retire

含义:退休。To stop working because of old age or ill health.

例句:The retirement age in most countries is 65.

He had to retire early due to ill health.

13. flexitime

含义:灵活工作时间。Working a fixed number of hours but having flexibility with start and finish times.

例句:They have introduced flexitime at my workplace so I usually start at 10 am now and finish at 6pm.

14. resign/quit

含义:辞职。To leave a job.

例句:He resigned from his job yesterday.

Don’t quit your job unless you have another one to start.

15. fire/sack/dismiss

含义:开除,裁员。To remove someone from their job, especially because they have done something wrong

例句:He was fired/sacked/dismissed because he was late for work every day.

16. vacancy

含义:空缺。A job position that is not filled and so is available

例句:I spoke to the company and they said they had several vacancies.

17. overtime

含义:加班。Working more than your contracted hours.

例句:The employees often work overtime but they are not given extra money so it is not fair.

18. shift

含义:轮班。The time worked in a job that is not normal hours.

例句:She is a nurse so she has to work in shifts. One week she does the morning shift, and then the next week she will do the night shift.

Shift work can be very tiring.

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