含义：员工，雇员。Someone who is paid to work for someone else.
例句：The company has several hundred employees.
含义：雇主，老板。A person or organization that employs people.
例句：Employers monitor their employees very carefully these days.
含义：雇佣。When someone is paid to work for a company or organization.
例句：Due to the recession, there are thousands of people looking for employment.
I was employed in the company for several years.
例句：Levels of unemployment in the economy have been rapidly increasing.
He has been unemployed for 6 months now.
含义：通勤（上下班）。To make the same journey regularly between work and home
例句：It is taking longer for people to commute to work because of traffic problems.
Commuting to work every day by bus is tiring.
含义：职业。Formal way to say ‘job’.
例句：What is your occupation?
含义：职业。Working life or a particular job during one’s working life that gets better in terms of salary and position.
例句：He is retired now but he had an amazing career ( = successful working life).
He hopes to have a career in the army
含义：职业，专业。Any type of work which needs special training or a particular skill, often one which is respected because it involves a high level of education.
例句：The teaching profession is not as good as it used to be because salaries have decreased.
含义：工资。Money paid each month to an employee for their work.
例句：Public sector salaries are not keeping up with inflation.
He receives a good wage because he works for a prestigious company.
10. public sector
含义：公共部门。Businesses and industries that are owned or controlled by the government.
例句：You get a good pension if you work for the public sector, but the salary is not always so good.
11. private sector
含义：私人部门。Businesses and industries that are privately owned.
例句：Most graduates hope to work in the private sector when they finish university as there are more opportunities and the pay is better than the public sector.
含义：退休。To stop working because of old age or ill health.
例句：The retirement age in most countries is 65.
He had to retire early due to ill health.
含义：灵活工作时间。Working a fixed number of hours but having flexibility with start and finish times.
例句：They have introduced flexitime at my workplace so I usually start at 10 am now and finish at 6pm.
含义：辞职。To leave a job.
例句：He resigned from his job yesterday.
Don’t quit your job unless you have another one to start.
含义：开除，裁员。To remove someone from their job, especially because they have done something wrong
例句：He was fired/sacked/dismissed because he was late for work every day.
含义：空缺。A job position that is not filled and so is available
例句：I spoke to the company and they said they had several vacancies.
含义：加班。Working more than your contracted hours.
例句：The employees often work overtime but they are not given extra money so it is not fair.
含义：轮班。The time worked in a job that is not normal hours.
例句：She is a nurse so she has to work in shifts. One week she does the morning shift, and then the next week she will do the night shift.
Shift work can be very tiring.