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雅思写作环境类高分词汇总结 含例句 环境类问题一直都是雅思写作的超高频考题。绝大部分题目都让大家分析造成环境问 […]

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雅思写作环境类高分词汇总结 含例句

环境类问题一直都是雅思写作的超高频考题。绝大部分题目都让大家分析造成环境问题的原因和相应的解决方案。但随着考试的发展,这一类的题目也越考越细。比如最近考过的两道题就要求大家分析个人、政府和企业究竟谁该为环境治理负责。为了更好的帮助大家备考,老烤鸭小编搜集了一些雅思写作环境类类高分词汇,并附上例句,以供参考。

1. climate change

含义:气候变化。The change in global climate patterns which appeared from the mid to late 20th century onwards, caused mainly by the increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

例句:The climate around the world has been changing rapidly over the last decade.

Climate Change is one of the most serious problems that the world is facing today.

2. carbon dioxide (CO2)

含义:二氧化碳。The gas formed when carbon is burned, or when people or animals breathe out.

例句:The burning of fossil fuels releases large amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, which leads to global warming.

Trees absorb carbon dioxide.

3. fossil fuels

含义:化石燃料(煤炭、石油、天然气等)。A natural fuel such as coal, gas, or oil formed in the geological past from the remains of living organisms.

例句:Some people do not believe that human’s reliance on fossil fuels is to blame for global warming.

4. global warming

含义:全球变暖。A gradual rise in the world’s temperatures caused by polluting gases such as carbon dioxide which are collecting in the air around the Earth and preventing heat escaping into space.

例句:Deforestation is contributing to global warming because trees absorb carbon dioxide.

5. deforestation

含义:森林退化,森林消失,去森林化。Cutting down and clearing areas of forest.

例句:Deforestation is destroying animal habitats.

6. habitat

含义:栖息地。The natural environment in which an animal or plant usually lives.

例句:With so many areas of woodland being cut down, a lot of wildlife is losing its natural habitat.

7. ecosystem

含义:生态系统。All the living things in an area and the way they affect each other and the environment.

例句:The world has a delicately balanced ecosystem, and pollution can damage this.

The marine (= related to the seaecosystem was baldy damaged by the oil spill..

8. biodiversity

含义:生物多样性。The variety of plant and animal life in the world or in a particular habitat, a high level of which is usually considered to be important and desirable.

例句:The rich and diverse biodiversity of our planet must be protected.

9. contamination

含义:污染。To make something less pure by exposing it to poisonous or polluting substances.

例句:The water has been contaminated by the release of toxic chemicals into the river.

The water supply is being tested for contamination.

10. toxic/toxin

含义:有毒的/毒性。Poisonous / A poisonous substance

例句:The dumping (= disposing of something in a careless way) of toxic waste has contaminated the area.

Leaded fuel from cars releases toxins into the air which can affect the brain.

11. waste

含义:垃圾,废弃品。A material or substance which is eliminated or discarded as no longer useful or required after the completion of a process.

例句:The Green Party opposes any kind of nuclear waste being dumped at sea.

12. emission

含义:排放。The production and discharge of something.

例句:Emissions from car exhausts cause pollution around cities.

Carbon dioxide emissions must be reduced.

13. erosion

含义:侵蚀。To gradually reduce or destroy.

例句:Over-farming causes soil erosion.

14. drought

含义:干旱。A prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall, leading to a shortage of water.

例句:The severe drought this year has led to the loss of many lives.

15. pollution

含义:污染。Damage caused to water, air, land etc. by harmful substances or waste.

例句:Environmental pollution must be a top priority of governments.

The air around the factory is very polluted.

16. sustainable

含义:可持续的。Causing little or no damage to the environment and therefore able to continue for a long time.

例句:Countries need to promote sustainable development in order to protect the environment from further damage.

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