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剑桥雅思16Test2Passage3阅读答案解析 How to make wise decisions 如何 […]

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剑桥雅思16Test2Passage3阅读答案解析 How to make wise decisions 如何做出明智的决定

剑桥雅思16阅读第二套题目第三篇文章的14道题由3道单项选择,5道选词填空,以及5道TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN判断组成。出题思路还是往常的那些,但因为文章十分晦涩,长难句较多,做起来还是比较困难的。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读对应的原文翻译

剑桥雅思16Test2Passage3阅读原文翻译 How to make wise decisions 如何做出明智的决策

剑桥雅思16 Test2 Passage3阅读答案解析

第27题答案:B

对应原文:第1段:Although the truly wise may seem few and far between, empirical research examining wisdom suggests that it isn’t an exceptional trait

答案解析:第1段中间提到,“虽然真正的智慧十分稀少,但对智慧的实证研究表明这并不是某种罕见的特点”。即人们之前的观念是错误的,由此确定B为正确答案。

第28题答案:C

对应原文:第2段:It appears that experiential, situational, and cultural factors are even more powerful in shaping wisdom than previously imagined

答案解析:第2段开头提到,“经验、情景以及文化因素在塑造智慧方面比之前想象的要重要许多”。其前半段对应C选项的certain influences,后半段对应underestimated,由此确定C为正确答案。A选项错在from one person to another(原文中说是情景不同,而非人不同),B选项和D选项在原文中都找不到对应,因此统统排除。

第29题答案:B

对应原文:第3段:In other words, wisdom is not solely an “inner quality” but rather unfolds as a function of situations people happen to be in

答案解析:第3段中间靠后位置指出,“智慧不仅仅是中内在的品质,而是人们所处情景功能的展开”。虽然这句话有些拗口,但我们文章来自老烤鸭雅思根据not … but rather …这一结构可以看出,它想强调的还是情景的作用,由此确定B为正确答案。C选项是这句话前面否定的内容,而A选项和D选项则没有对应,因此统统排除。

第30题答案:D

对应原文:第5段:one of the most reliable ways to support wisdom in our own day-to-day decisions is to look at scenarios from a third-party perspective

答案解析:第5段开头指出,“在我们日常决策中有助于智慧的最可靠方式之一,是从第三方的角度看待问题”。即一种帮助人们更加明智思考的策略, 由此确定D为正确答案。

第31题答案:D

对应原文:第4段:four key characteristics as part of a framework of wise reasoning. One is intellectual humility or recognition of the limits of our own knowledge

答案解析:根据标题定位到第4段,再根据knowledge定位到这一句,从修饰关系来看,备选答案有两个-humility和limits,选项中只有D能够跟前者同义替换,由此锁定答案。

第32题答案:A

对应原文:第4段:another is appreciation of perspectives wider than the issue at hand

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,空前词take into account与appreciation同义替换,根据修饰关系锁定perspectives,由此确定A为正确答案。

第33题答案:C

对应原文:第4段:Sensitivity to the possibility of change in social relations is also key, this article is from Laokaoya website, along with compromise or integration of different attitudes and beliefs.

答案解析:这道题将智慧的最后两个特点调换了位置,即空上填的应该是第三个特点,由此锁定attitudes and beliefs。选项中A和C都能够与它们同义替换,但空前有冠词a,因此舍弃A选C。

第34题答案:F

对应原文:第5段:one of the most reliable ways to support wisdom in our own day-to-day decisions is to look at scenarios from a third-party perspective

答案解析:第5段中,Grossmann推荐大家在看待问题的时候才用第三方视角,选项中与此类似的之后F objectivity(客观),由此确定答案。

第35题答案:G

对应原文:第5段:‘observer’ viewpoint we reason more broadly and focus more on interpersonal and moral ideals, such as justice and impartiality.

答案解析:根据focus more定位到这句话,本来根据题干并列关系,我们应该锁定interpersonal,但浏览选项之后,发现其中并没有能够与之同义替换的词汇。因此我们扩大自己的搜索范围,发现后面还有justice and impartiality这两个例子。它们正好与G选项fairness同义替换,由此确定答案。

第36题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第7段:The students were instructed to imagine their career either ‘as if you were a distant observer’ or ‘before your own eyes as if you were right there’.

答案解析:原文在描述学生的思考方式时用了instructed一词,即他们是受研究人员指示,而非自由选择的。题干中could choose一次与此冲突,因此判断答案为FALSE。

第37题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:无

答案解析:原文只是描述了用夫妻进行实验,至于他们是否知道实验目的和实验内容则完全没有提及,由此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第38题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:无

答案解析:夫妻实验的重点是衡量思考角度变化所带来的差异,至于夫妻关系的长短有没有影响则没有提及,因此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第39题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第7段:Participants in the group assigned to the distant observer’ role displayed more wisdom-related reasoning (intellectual humility and recognition of change) than did participants in the control group.

第8段:Couples in the ‘other’s eyes’ condition were significantly more likely to rely on wise reasoning – recognizing others’ perspectives and searching for a compromise -compared to the couples in the egocentric condition.

答案解析:第7段和第8段的最后对实验结果进行了总结,无论是学生还是夫妻,从第三方视角出发进行思考都会更加智慧一些。题干只是对此的总结转述,由此判断答案为TRUE。

第40题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第10段:research shows only a small positive relationship between wise thinking and crystallized intelligence and the personality traits of openness and agreeableness. ‘

答案解析:第10段指出,智慧和智力之间的联系十分微弱。题干中a very limited extent对应only a small positive relationship,其他基本原词出现或者只是简单的词性替换,由此确定答案为TRUE。

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