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剑桥雅思14Test1Passage3阅读答案解析 Motivational factors and the […]

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剑桥雅思14Test1Passage3阅读答案解析 Motivational factors and the hospitality industry

剑桥雅思14阅读第一套题目第三篇文章的14道题由5道人名观点匹配,4道YES/NO/NOT GIVEN判断,以及5道总结型填空组成。虽然人名匹配是乱序,但因为人名在原文中不会更改,所以难度并不是很大。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

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剑桥雅思14Test1Passage3阅读原文翻译 Motivational factors and the hospitality industry

剑桥雅思14 Test1 Passage3阅读答案解析‘

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第27题答案:E

对应原文:第8段:It is therefore essential for hotel management to develop HRM practices that enable them to inspire and retain competent employees…(Enz and Siguaw, 2000)

答案解析:题干为“酒店管理人员需要知道什么东西能鼓励优秀员工留下来”,而第8段第一句则提到,酒店管理者提升人力资源操作从而激励并留下有竞争力的员工很有必要。两者基本对应。而这是Enz与siguaw的观点,由此确定E为答案。

第28题答案:D

对应原文:第5段:Ng and Sorensen (2008) demonstrated that when managers provide recognition to employees, motivate employees to work together, and remove obstacles preventing effective performance, employees feel more obligated to stay with the company.

答案解析:第5段第1句提到:Ng与Sorensen证明,但管理人员认可员工,激励员工互相合作,并且移除阻碍他们高效工作的表现时,员工会觉得更有义务留在公司。对应题干中的“管理人员的行为能够让员工觉得他们不应该前往另一家公司”。由此确定D为正确答案。

第29题答案:B

对应原文:第4段:Lucas also points out that ‘the substance of HRM practices does not appear … to represent a managerial approach that enables developing and drawing out the full potential of people

答案解析:第4段开头提到,Lucas指出,HRM操作的内容似乎并没有呈现这样的管理方法,即能够提升并激发人们的全部潜力。对应题干中help workers improve their skills,由此确定B为正确答案。

第30题答案:D

对应原文:第5段:Ng and Sorensen (2008) demonstrated that when managers provide recognition to employees, motivate employees to work together, and remove obstacles preventing effective performance, employees feel more obligated to stay with the company.

答案解析:本题与28题是同样的考点,鼓励合作会让员工不那么容易换工作。由此确定D为正确答案。

第31题答案:C

对应原文:第4段:Among the many cited reasons are low compensation, inadequate benefits, poor working conditions and compromised employee morale and attitudes (Maroudas et al., 2008).

答案解析:第4段最后一句列举了一些酒店行业高离职率的原因,包括工资低,福利不足,工作条件差,员工士气低落和态度不好等。可见对工资低并不是唯一的离职原因。由此确定C Maroudas et al为正确答案。

第32题答案:YES

对应原文:第4段:Among the many cited reasons are low compensation, inadequate benefits, poor working conditions and compromised employee morale and attitudes (Maroudas et al., 2008).

答案解析:与上一题的考察点相同。士气低下确实是员工高离职率的原因之一,由此判断答案为YES。

第33题答案:NO

对应原文:第6段:While it seems likely that employees’ reactions to their job characteristics could be affected by a predisposition to view their work environment negatively, no evidence exists to support this hypothesis

答案解析:第6段开头提到,虽然似乎有这样的说法,即员工对工作特点的反应会受到他们不喜欢工作地点的倾向的影响,但没有证据支持这一说法。而题干中research has shown的描述则与此相反,由此判断的答案为NO。

第34题答案:NO

对应原文:第9段:When these factors are unfavorable, job dissatisfaction may result. Significantly, though, just fulfilling these needs does not result in satisfaction, but only in the reduction of dissatisfaction

答案解析:第9段后半部分提到,当这些因素(工作场所与安全感)不好时,会导致对工作不满意。但极其重要的是,仅仅满足这些需求并不能导致满意度的提升,而只能造成不满意度的下降。题干中makes staff satisfied with their jobs与原文描述相反,由此判断答案为NO。

第35题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:第12段:allowing adequate breaks during the working day

答案解析:原文中确实提到“让员工在工作日里适当休息”,但并没有说他们可以自行选择。题干中的choose属于无中生有,由此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第36题答案:restaurants

对应原文:第11段:Tews, Michel and Stafford (2013) conducted a study focusing on staff from a chain of themed restaurants in the United States

答案解析:根据三个人的姓名定位到第11段,空前词chain在文章中原词出现,根据修饰关系确定restaurants为正确答案。

第37题答案:performance

对应原文:第11段:It was found that fun activities had a favorable impact on performance

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,根据found与discovered的同义替换定位到这句话。题干中问的是提升他们的什么,正好与favorable impact对应,由此确定答案为performance。

第38题答案:turnover

对应原文:第11段:manager support for fun had a favorable impact in reducing turnover

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,lower与reducing同义替换,根据修饰关系确定答案为turnover。

第39题答案:goals

对应原文:第11段:but the framing of that fun must be carefully aligned with both organizational goals and employee characteristics.

答案解析:从题干可以看出空上应该填一组并列的词汇。哪怕大家不知道fit与aligned的同义替换,根据并列关系也能锁定goals和characteristics.

第40题答案:characteristics

对应原文:第11段:but the framing of that fun must be carefully aligned with both organizational goals and employee characteristics.

答案解析:同上

剑桥雅思14Test1Passage1阅读答案解析 The Importance of Children’s Play 孩子玩耍的重要性

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剑桥雅思14Test1Passage3阅读答案解析 Motivational factors and the hospitality industry:等您坐沙发呢!

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