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剑桥雅思16Test4Passage3阅读答案解析 Attitudes towards Artificial […]

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剑桥雅思16Test4Passage3阅读答案解析 Attitudes towards Artificial Intelligence 对待人工智能的态度

剑桥雅思16阅读第四套题目第三篇文章的14道题由6道段落标题匹配,3道单项选择和5道YES/NO/NOT GIVEN判断组成。虽然题型看着比较吓人,但因为文章结构清晰,话题通俗易懂,做起来比同一套题目的Passage2要简单许多。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

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剑桥雅思16Test4Passage3阅读原文翻译 Attitudes towards Artificial Intelligence

剑桥雅思16 Test4 Passage3阅读答案解析

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第27题答案:iii

对应原文:A部分第2段:AI is almost always better at forecasting than we are

答案解析:A部分前两段话都在说预测的事情,第三段属于承上启下的句子,不纳入考虑。所有选项中与预测相关的只有iii,而且其superiority还跟第2段中的always better对应,由此确定为正确答案。

第28题答案:vi

对应原文:A部分第3段:why people are so reluctant to trust AI in the first place.

B部分第1段:Take the case of Watson for Oncology, one of technology giant IBM’s supercomputer programs.

答案解析:A部分最后提到人们对人工智能的不信任,B部分所有内容都是在用Watson for Oncology的例子来说明这一点。具体包括当其建议与医生一致时,医生觉得它没用。当其建议与医生不一致时,医生会坚持自己的观点。vi选项中distrust对应A部分的末尾,也就是B部分想要说明的内容,an AI innovation对应Watson for Oncology,由此确定答案。

第29题答案:ii

对应原文:C部分第1段:Trust in other people is often based on our understanding of how others think and having experience of their reliability.

答案解析:C部分对比了人们对人工智能和其他人的信任,并分析了出现这种差异的原因。即人们对他人的信任往往基于我们对他们思维方式的理解,以及有关它们可靠性的经历。而人工智能则缺乏这一点。选项中体现出这一对比和原因探析的只有ii,由此确定为正确答案。

第30题答案:i

对应原文:D部分第1段:regardless of whether the film they watched depicted AI in a positive or negative light, simply watching a cinematic vision of our technological future polarised the participants’ attitudes. Optimists became more extreme in their enthusiasm for AI and sceptics became even more guarded.

答案解析:D部分详细描述了一场实验,指出无论人们文章来自老烤鸭雅思观看的电影中人工智能的形象如何,人们的态度都会极化,“乐观主义者对人工智能的热情会更加极端,而怀疑论者则愈发谨慎”。即人们态度的分化,由此确定i为正确答案。

第31题答案:vii

对应原文:E部分第2段:Another solution may be to reveal more about the algorithms which AI uses and the purposes they serve.

答案解析:E部分其实提到两个观点:一是增加人们与人工智能的接触,二是更多的揭示人工智能所使用的算法和所服务的目的。前者在选项中找不到对应,后者reveal more正好对应vii选项的openness,由此确定vii为正确答案。

第32题答案:v

对应原文:F部分第1段:allowing people some control over AI decision-making could also improve trust …  slightly modify an algorithm

F部分第2段:if people are given a degree of responsibility

答案解析:F部分主要强调人类参与到人工智能决策中去,并对其拥有一定的控制能力。无论是原文中的control,modify还是responsibility都可以对应v选项中的involving users in AI processes,由此确定它为正确答案。

第33题答案:C

对应原文:A部分第2段:Recent cases show that people don’t like relying on AI and prefer to trust human experts, this article is from laokaoya website, even if these experts are wrong.

答案解析:这篇文章是典型的三段式结构,即提出问题、分析问题和解决问题。A部分主要描述了虽然人工智能比人类更加擅长预测,但人们对它却缺乏信任,即说明问题的存在,由此确定C为正确答案。A选项属于最后几段的内容,B选项错在justifying,D选项reasons属于中间段落的重点。

第34题答案:B

对应原文:C部分第1段:AI’s decision-making process is usually too difficult for most people to comprehend. And interacting with something we don’t understand can cause anxiety and give us a sense that we’re losing control.

答案解析:C部分第1段指出,人工智能的决策过程对于大多数人来说太难理解。而与我们不理解的东西互动会让我们觉得自己正在失去控制。B选项complexity对应too difficult to comprehend,而at a disadvantage则对应anxiety和losing control,由此确定它为正确答案。A选项中的replace,C选项中的wait,以及D选项中的misunderstanding都属于无中生有,因此统统排除。

第35题答案:A

对应原文:C部分第2段:Embarrassing AI failures receive a disproportionate amount of media attention, emphasising the message that we cannot rely on technology

答案解析:原文指出,人工智能的失败会吸引媒体不成比例的注意。它们强调我们不能依赖科技。A选项public对应we,mistrustful对应cannot rely on,由此确定它为正确答案。B选项少了失败的含义,C选项inaccurate和D选项的designer error都属于无中生有,因此统统排除。

第36题答案:NO

对应原文:D部分第1段:Optimists became more extreme in their enthusiasm for AI and sceptics became even more guarded.

D部分第2段:people use relevant evidence about AI in a biased manner to support their existing attitudes

答案解析:D部分第1段结尾指出,乐观主义者对AI的热情会变得更加极端,而怀疑论者则会更加保守。此外第2段开头有总结道,人们以充满偏见的方式使用AI的相关证据,以支持他们现有的态度。可见看电影并不会改变他们的看法,由此确定答案为NO。

第37题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:C部分第2段:Embarrassing AI failures receive a disproportionate amount of media attention, emphasising the message that we cannot rely on technology

答案解析:原文只是提到,现在针对AI的媒体报道过度关注其失败。至于未来变化如何则完全没有说明,因此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第38题答案:YES

对应原文:D部分第2段:refusing to accept the advantages offered by AI could place a large group of people at a serious disadvantage.

答案解析:D部分第2段结尾处明确说明,拒绝AI带来的好处会使一大批人处于不利的地位。题干中rejection对应refusing to accept,negative effect对应disadvantage,many people对应a large group of people,即所有信息点在原文中都可以找到对应,由此判断答案为YES。

第39题答案:NO

对应原文:C部分第1段:This helps create a psychological feeling of safety. AI, on the other hand, is still fairly new and unfamiliar to most people

答案解析:这道题需要结合C段前半部分来看。C段指出,人们信任其他人是因为熟悉他们的思考方式。这有助于创造一种安全感。而AI对于大多数人来说则十分陌生。可见是否熟悉确实能够影响人们对待事物的态度。题干中very little的描述与此不符,由此确定答案为NO。

第40题答案:YES

对应原文:F部分:when people were allowed the freedom to slightly modify an algorithm, they felt more satisfied with its decisions, more likely to believe it was superior and more likely to use it in the future.

答案解析:这道题并没有什么难点,只是把原文句子缩短了一些,并且用approval提到use it而已,很容易判断答案为YES。

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