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剑桥雅思16Test2Passage1阅读答案解析 The White Horse of Uffington  […]

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剑桥雅思16Test2Passage1阅读答案解析 The White Horse of Uffington 阿芬顿白马

剑桥雅思16阅读第二套题目第一篇文章的13道题由8道TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN判断和5道笔记填空组成。虽然这篇文章有些晦涩难懂,但题目设计的还是比较简单的,希望大家都能保持一个不错的正确率。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读对应的原文翻译

剑桥雅思16Test2Passage1阅读原文翻译 The White Horse of Uffington 阿芬顿的白马

剑桥雅思16 Test2 Passage1阅读答案解析

老烤鸭雅思原创解析,请勿抄袭转载

第1题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第1段:the vast majority on the chalk downlands of the country’s southern counties.

答案解析:原文中第1段中间指出,“大部分地雕都位于该国南部的白垩丘陵地带”。题干中most对应majority,particular area对应southern counties,即所有主要信息点都能在原文中找到依据,由此判断答案为TRUE。

第2题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:无

答案解析:原文中只是提到有各种各样的地雕,其中一副是马儿形状的。从这些信息无从推断马儿是不是占主要部分,由此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第3题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第2段:The White Horse has recently been re-dated and shown to be even older than its previously assigned ancient pre-Roman Iron Age date.

答案解析:第2段提到,最近对阿芬顿白马的年代测定表明,它比人们之前认为的要更早一些。即之前人们对它年代的猜想是错误的,由此判断答案为TRUE。

第4题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第2段:While many historians are convinced the figure is prehistoric, others believe that it was the work of an artistic monk from a nearby priory and was created between the 11th and 15th centuries.

答案解析:哪怕我们读不懂这句话,根据while … others …这一雅思写作大作文中再常见不过的句子也可以判断出大家的意见并不统一,由此判断答案为FALSE。

第5题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第3段:The method of cutting these huge figures was simply to remove the overlying grass to reveal the gleaming white chalk below.

答案解析:原文中指出,地雕的创作主要是通过移除表面杂草,裸露下面岩石来完成的。跟placing white chalk on the hillside完全没有关系。由此判断答案为FALSE。

第6题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第3段:the vast majority of hill figures have disappeared

答案解析:第3段中间提到,“大部分的山地图形都已经消失了”。题干中many对应the vast majority,no longer visible对应disappeared,由此判断答案为TRUE。

第7题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第3段:over hundreds of years the outlines would sometimes change

答案解析:同样是第3段,上一题对应的位置稍微靠后一些提到,“在几百年里,这些轮廓有时会发生改变”。题干中the shape对应outlines,altered对应change,over time对应over hundreds of years,由此判断答案为TRUE。

第8题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:第2段:The most famous of these figures is perhaps also the most mysterious – the Uffington White Horse in Oxfordshire.

答案解析:原文中只是指出阿芬顿白马很有名气,至于出名的原因则完全没有提及,由此判断答案为NOT GIVEN。

第9题答案:Ridgeway

对应原文:第4段:the horse is situated 2.5 km from Uffington village on a steep slope close to the Late Bronze Age (c. 7th century BCE) hillfort of Uffington Castle and below the Ridgeway, this article is from Laokaoya webiste, a long-distance Neolithic track.

答案解析:根据2.5 km定位到第4段的这句话,road与track同义替换,根据同位语结构确定答案为Ridgeway。

第10题答案:documents

对应原文:第6段:The earliest evidence of a horse at Uffington is from the 1070s CE when ‘White Horse Hill’ is mentioned in documents from the nearby Abbey of Abingdon

答案解析:根据White Horse Hill定位到第6段的这句话,空前介词in在文章中原词出现,根据修饰关系确定答案为documents。

第11题答案:soil

对应原文:第7段:in 1995 Optically Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) testing was carried out by the Oxford Archaeological Unit on soil from two of the lower layers of the horse’s body

答案解析:根据late Bronze Age/Early Iron Age定位到第7段,虽然这一段因为涉及到专业术语,看起来有些不明所以。但我们从题干中可以推测文章来自老烤鸭雅思空上应该填的是测试对象,而整段话里能作为测试对象的只有soil一词,由此确定答案。

第12题答案:fertility

对应原文:第8段:Some researchers see the horse as representing the Celtic horse goddess Epona, who was worshipped as a protector of horses, and for her associations with fertility.

答案解析:根据Epona定位到第8段的这句话,原文中这位神袛有两项职责,一是作为马儿的保护者,二是与生育有关。根据题干并列关系,确定答案为fertility。

第13题答案:Rhiannon

对应原文:第8段:It is possible that the carving represents a goddess in native mythology, such as Rhiannon, described in later Welsh mythology as beautiful woman dressed in gold and riding a white horse.

答案解析:根据Welsh定位到这句话,题干问的是神袛的名字,这句话中只有Rhiannon符合条件,由此确定答案。

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剑桥雅思16Test2Passage3阅读答案解析 How to make wise decisions 如何做出明智的决定

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