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剑桥雅思16Test1Passage2阅读答案解析 The Step Pyramid of Djoser 乔塞 […]

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剑桥雅思16Test1Passage2阅读答案解析 The Step Pyramid of Djoser 乔塞尔阶梯金字塔

剑桥雅思16阅读第一套题目第二篇文章的13道题由7道段落标题匹配,4道笔记填空和1道5选2的多选组成。虽然其中段落标题匹配看起来比较吓人,但做起来出乎意料的简单,只要大致读懂文章就没有任何难度。如下是具体每道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读对应的原文翻译

剑桥雅思16Test1Passage2阅读原文翻译 The Step Pyramid of Djoser 乔塞尔阶梯金字塔

剑桥雅思16 Test1 Passage2阅读答案解析

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第14题答案:iv

对应原文:段落A:However, there is no question that, as far as Egypt is concerned, it began with one monument to one king designed by one brilliant architect: the Step Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara.

答案解析:自然段A最后一句提到,只要讨论到与埃及相关的话题,永远都是从位于塞加拉的乔塞尔阶梯金字塔开始的。即在众多不确定中,这一点是肯定的,由此确定iv为正确答案。

第15题答案:vii

对应原文:段落B:Djoser’s main official … conceived of building a taller, more impressive tomb for his king by stacking stone slabs on top of one another, progressively making them smaller, to form the shape now known as the Step Pyramid

答案解析:之前的金字塔都是由干燥后的陶土砖建成,而且是矩形的。后来,乔塞尔的主要幕僚提出要用石头,最终形成阶梯状。即改变了墓穴结构的设计,由此确定vii。

第16题答案:ii

对应原文:段落C:Much experimentation was involved … The weight of the enormous mass was a challenge for the builders

答案解析:C段中提到,金字塔建造过程中进行了许多实验,而且巨大石块的重量也给建造者们提出挑战。虽然整段没有明显的主题句,但可以比较清晰的看出文章来自老烤鸭雅思主要是在描述建造过程的难度,由此确定ii为答案。

第17题答案:v

对应原文:D段整段话。

答案解析:这道题比较简单一些。D自然段对金字塔所在的建筑群和外围设施进行了详细的描述,包括围墙、假门、壕沟等,很容易确定v为正确答案。

第18题答案:i

对应原文:段落E:The burial chamber of the tomb, where the king’s body was laid to rest, was dug beneath the base of the pyramid, surrounded by a vast maze of long tunnels … One of the most mysterious discoveries found inside the pyramid was a large number of stone vessels.

答案解析:E段主要描述了金字塔内部的迷宫和大量的石制容器。前者对应i选项中的areas,后者对应artefacts,由此锁定答案。

第19题答案:viii

对应原文:段落F:a small number of his valuables overlooked by the thieves. There was enough left throughout the pyramid and its complex, however, to astonish and amaze the archaeologists who excavated it.

答案解析:尽管金字塔内只留下一些盗墓贼看不上的物品。但它们已经足以让进行发掘的考古学家感到震惊。viii选项中,few remains对应a small number和enough left,increadible experience对应astonish and amaze,由此确定答案。

第20题答案:vi

对应原文:段落G:The Step Pyramid … became the archetype which all the other great pyramid builders of Egypt would follow.

答案解析:G段最后一句提到,“阶梯金字塔成为其他埃及金字塔建造者遵从的典范”。vi选项中copied对应follow,其他基本都是原词,由此确定答案。

第21题答案:city

对应原文:段落D:The complex in which it was built was the size of a city in ancient Egypt

答案解析:关于金字塔外围的描述主要集中在D段,空前词as big as对应the size of,根据修饰关系确定city为正确答案。

第22题答案:priests

对应原文:段落D:… included a temple, courtyards, shrines, and living quarters for the priests.

答案解析:顺着上一题往下,题干中accommodation对应living quarters,根据句义可以推断空上应该填某种人,由此锁定priests。

第23题答案:trench

对应原文:段落D:the entire wall was then ringed by a trench 750 meters long and 40 meters wide.

答案解析:从题干可以看出,空上要填的是墙外有什么。空后词encircled与ringed同义替换,由此锁定trench。

第24题答案:location

对应原文:段落D:If someone wished to enter, he or she would have needed to know in advance how to find the location of the true opening in the wall.

答案解析:根据know定位到这句话,题干中real entrance对应true opening,根据所有格关系确定location为正确答案。

第25题答案:B

对应原文:段落B:Djoser is thought to have reigned for 19 years, but some historians and scholars attribute a much longer time for his rule

答案解析:段落B的最后一句提到,人们普遍认为乔塞尔统治了19年的时间,但一些历史学家和学者认为他的统治时间要更长一些。即关于他的统治长度存在争议,由此确定B为正确答案。

第26题答案:D

对应原文:段落F:all archaeologists found were a small number of his valuables overlooked by the thieves

答案解析:F段中间靠后位置提到,考古学家发现的仅仅是被盗墓贼所看不上的、乔塞尔财宝的一小部分。即一部分财宝仍然在墓穴中,由此确定D为正确答案。

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