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剑桥雅思8 test 1小作文考官范文解析 农业土地退化 这篇雅思小作文为饼状图和表格的混合。这种类型的题目分 […]

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剑桥雅思8 test 1小作文考官范文解析 农业土地退化

这篇雅思小作文为饼状图和表格的混合。这种类型的题目分段比较简单,一般都是饼状图一段,表格一段。同时在第二段的开头要有一句承上启下的句子,表明两者的联系。

饼状图部分虽然有各种各样花哨的图案,但数据并不复杂。下面的表格数据偏多,各项之间的差别也很大,大家需要在不忽略每一项的基础上选取重点,进行对比,难度较大。下面让我们看看考官是如何做的。

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剑桥雅思8 test 1小作文题目

The pie chart below shows the main reasons why agricultural land becomes less productive. The table shows how these causes affected three regions of the world during the 1990s.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

剑桥雅思8 test 1小作文考官范文

The pie chart shows that there are four main causes of farmland becoming degraded in the world today. Globally, 65% of degradation is caused by too much animal grazing and tree clearance, constituting 35% and 30% respectively. A further 28% of global degradation is due to over-cultivation of crops. Other causes account for only 7% collectively.

These causes affected different regions differently in the 1990s, with Europe having as much as 9. 8% of degradation due to deforestation, while the impact of this on Oceania and North America was minimal, with only 1. 7% and 0. 2% of land affected respectively. Europe, with the highest overall percentage of land degraded (23%), also suffered from over-cultivation (7. 7%) and over-grazing (5. 5%). This article is from Laokaoya website. In contrast, Oceania had 13% of degraded farmland and this was mainly due to over-grazing (11. 3%). North America had a lower proportion of degraded land at only 5%, and the main causes of this were over-cultivation (3. 3%) and, to a lesser extent, over-grazing (1. 5%).

Overall, it is clear that Europe suffered more from farmland degradation than the other regions, and the main causes there were deforestation and over-cultivation.

剑桥雅思8 test 1小作文考官范文解析

Task achievement

1. 数据选取方面。文章涉及到了表格中的所有数据,无一遗漏。尤其是表格中的那么多数据都有提到,非常厉害。

2. 文章第一段的开头和最后一段分别对饼状图和表格进行了总结。前者强调整体,后者强调表格中最突出的一项。可见,在我们自己写作过程中,如果图表整体趋势不好总结,可以描述其中最有特点的一项。

总结是小作文中非常非常重要的一部分。如果缺失的话,在Task achievement这一项的分数就会直接降到5分。

3. 文章对数据进行了合理的对比。第一段按照从大到小的顺序进行排列,而且一开始还对animal grazing和tree clearance进行了合并。第二段从deforestation说起,比较它对Europe和Oceania, North America的影响。随后对表格进行横向描述,说明不同地区受不同因素的影响。

突显对比的词汇:a further, only, minimal, highest, in contrast, lower, to a lesser extent

Coherence and Cohesion

1. 文章逻辑结构合理。题目转述被分散到了两个主题段的开头。第一段重点描述饼状图,第二段重点描述表格,最后一段进行总结概括。

2. 文章主要使用各种各样的词汇短语来进行逻辑连接,不同于我们常见的and, but, however。比如第一段中的globally, 随后的a further 28%。第二段的while, also

Lexical Resource

文章用词丰富。尤其是表述原因的词汇几乎没有重复的地方,具体词汇短语总结请参考下方“高分词汇短语”部分。

Grammatical Range

语法结构方面,文章使用了宾语从句,被动,非谓语动词做补语,with引导的短语,并列结构等。

高分词汇短语总结

be caused by = due to = causes =impact = affect = suffer from 这些词汇短语都用来表示不同因素的影响

constitute v. 构成,组成。

collectively adv. 集体,共同。

minimal adj. 微弱的,微小的。

respectively adv. 分别地。

overall adj. 整体的。

to a lesser extent 较弱程度上

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