剑桥雅思10 Test 1写作Task 2考官范文解析 惩罚孩子是否必要
剑桥雅思10 test 1写作Task 2题目
It is important for children to learn the difference between right and wrong at an early age. Punishment is necessary to help them learn this distinction.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
What sort of punishment should parents and teachers be allowed to use to teach good behaviour to children?
剑桥雅思10 test 1写作Task 2考官范文
One important stage in a child’s growth is certainly the development of a conscience, which is linked to the ability to tell right from wrong. This skill comes with time and good parenting, and my firm conviction is that punishment does not have much of a role to play in this. Therefore I have to disagree almost entirely with the given statement.
To some extent, the question depends on the age of the child. To punish a very young child is both wrong and foolish, as an infant will not understand what is happening or why he or she is being punished. Once the age of reason is reached, however, a child can be rewarded for good behaviour and discouraged from bad. This kind but firm approach will achieve more than harsh punishments, which might entail many negative consequences unintended by the parents.
To help a child learn the difference between right and wrong, teachers and parents should firstly provide good role modeling in their own behavior. After that, if sanctions are needed, the punishment should not be of a physical nature, as that merely sends the message that it is acceptable for larger people to hit smaller ones – an outcome which may well result in the child starting to bully others. Nor should the punishment be in any way cruel.
Rather, teachers and parents can use a variety of methods to discipline their young charges, such as detention, withdrawal of privileges, and time-out. Making the punishment fit the crime is a useful notion, which would see children being made to pick up rubbish they have dropped, clean up graffiti they have drawn, or apologize to someone they have hurt. In these ways, responsibility is developed in the children, which leads to much better future behaviour than does punishment.
剑桥雅思10 test 1写作Task 2考官范文解析
Coherence and Cohesion
2. 这篇文章中连接词和逻辑连接（一句话的开头出现上一句的成分）出现的频率几乎相当。比如第一段中就有this skill和therefore这种存在。
Grammatical Range and Accuracy
剑桥雅思10 test 1写作Task 2高分词汇短语总结
conscience n. 良知，良心。
parenting n. 养育，扶养，教养。
conviction n. 坚信。
have a role to play in … 在某事中有作用
infant n. 婴儿。
harsh adj. 严厉的。
entail v. 涉及，牵涉。
provide good role modeling 树立良好的榜样
sanction n. 惩罚。
discipline v. 管教。