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剑桥雅思13Test4Passage1阅读答案解析 Cutty Sark: the fastest saili […]

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剑桥雅思13Test4Passage1阅读答案解析 Cutty Sark: the fastest sailing ship of all time 卡蒂萨克号

剑桥雅思13阅读第四套题目第一篇文章的13道题由8道TRUE/FALSE/NOT GIVEN和5道单句填空组成。因为文章整体结构十分清晰,而且题目都是顺序出题,所以难度较低。下面是具体每道题目的答案解析。

点击查看这篇雅思阅读对应的原文翻译

剑桥雅思13Test4Passage1阅读原文翻译 Cutty Sark: the fastest sailing ship of all time 卡蒂萨克号帆船

剑桥雅思13 Test4 Passage1阅读答案解析

第1题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第2段:The fastest commercial sailing vessels of all time were clippers, three-masted ships built to transport goods around the world, although some also took passengers.

答案解析:第2段第1句提到,最快的商业帆船是快速帆船, 三桅杆的船舶被建造出来在世界各地运送货物,虽然有时候也搭载乘客。可见其主要作用是运送货物而非载客。题干中originally intended to be used as passenger ships的说法与原文不符,由此判断答案为FALSE。

第2题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第3段:Cutty Sark’s unusual name comes from the poem Tam O’Shanter by the Scottish poet Robert Bums. Tam, a farmer, is chased by a witch called Nannie, who is wearing a ‘cutty sark’

答案解析:从第3段第1句话可以得知,卡蒂萨克号的名字确实来自一首诗,但却不是诗里的角色,而是女巫所穿着的衣物。题干中name of a character的描述与此不符,由此判断答案为FALSE。

第3题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第4段:To carry out construction, Willis chose a new shipbuilding firm, Scott & Linton, and ensured that the contract with them put him in a very strong position.

答案解析:第4段中间提到,Willis和Scott & Linton签订了合同,其中他处于强势地位。即该合同对Willis有利。题干的描述符合这一说法,由此判断答案为TRUE。

第4题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第5段:Willis’s company was active in the tea trade between China and Britain, where speed could bring shipowners both profits and prestige, Cutty Sark was designed to make the journey more quickly than any other ship.

答案解析:第5段第1句提到,卡蒂萨克号被设计出来,以便它可以文章来自老烤鸭雅思比任何其他船只都更快的完成旅途。即John Willis想要卡蒂萨克号成为英国和中国之间最快的船只,由此判断答案为TRUE。

第5题答案:FALSE

对应原文:第5段:Cutty Sark reached London a week after Thermopylae.

答案解析:第5段最后提到,卡蒂萨克号比Thermopylae晚到达伦敦一周。可见它并没有击败Thermopylae,由此判断答案为FALSE。

第6题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第6段: While steam ships could make use of the quick, direct route … Steam ships reduced the journey time between Britain and China by approximately two months.

答案解析:这道题的信息点分散在第6段的各个地方。该段一开始说苏伊士运河于1869年开通。蒸汽船可以使用这一捷径,而帆船则不能。因此蒸汽船将往返中国和英国之间的时间减少了将近2个月。即苏伊士运河的开通使得蒸汽船可以比快速帆船更快的往来于中国和英国,由此判断答案为TRUE。

第7题答案:NOT GIVEN

对应原文:无

答案解析:原文中只是说蒸汽船可以使用苏伊士运河,至于其他路线则完全没有提及,由此确定答案为NOT GIVEN。

第8题答案:TRUE

对应原文:第8段:bringing her dangerously close to icebergs off the southern tip of South America

答案解析:根据船长名字定位到第8段。题干中risk与dangerously对应,iceberg原词出现,即所有主要信息点在原文中都能找到对应,由此确定答案为TRUE。

第9题答案:wool

对应原文:第7段:In 1880 … This marked a turnaround and the beginning of the most successful period … transporting wool from Australia to Britain

答案解析:根据1880定位到第7段的中部,从题干可以看出空上应该填的是某种货物,再加上carried与transporting的同义替换,由此确定wool为正确答案。

第10题答案:navigator

对应原文:第8段:The ship’s next captain, Richard Woodget, was an excellent navigator

答案解析:题干询问Woodget的另一种身份,而第8段开头也提到他还是个出色的领航员,因此确定navigator为答案。

第11题答案:gale

对应原文:第10段:Badly damaged in a gale in 1922, she was put into Falmouth harbour in southwest England

答案解析:根据Falmouth定位到第10段的这句话,题干中问的是什么引发的破坏,原文中只有gale填上去语义合适,由此锁定答案。

第12题答案:training

对应原文:第11段:Dowman used Cutty Sark as a training ship, and she continued in this role after his death. When she was no longer required, in 1954

答案解析:根据1954定位到第11段的这句话,原文中提到Dowman将卡蒂萨克号当作训练船使用,由此确定training为正确答案。

第13题答案:fire

对应原文:第11段:The ship suffered from fire in 2007, and again, less seriously, in 2014

答案解析:原文提到,传播在2007年遭遇火灾,在2014年又再次遭遇火灾。对应题干中的twice,由此确定答案为fire。

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